Research on Phenotyping and Eno-Carpological Traits of Twenty-Three New Romanian Table Grape Varieties (Vitis Vinifera L.)

Georgeta Mihaela Bucur 1  and Liviu Dejeu 1
  • 1 University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Bucharest, 59 Marasti Blvd, District 1,, Bucharest, Romania

Abstract

Twenty-three new Romanian table grapes varieties were analysed for their phenological behaviour, quantitative characteristics (bunch weight, berry weight, their length and width, grape yield), sugar accumulation, titratable acidity, and ºBrix / acid ratio during three consecutive years (2015-2017). The higher temperatures recorded during the study period determined an advance in the development of the main phenophases, especially the grapes’ harvest maturity. Absolute minimum temperatures during winter, damaging the vine, have significantly affected grape yield. As a consequence of earlier phenology and lower yields due to frost damage, harvest was advanced between 2 and 4 weeks than the average. The results obtained in this study favoured five remarkable genotypes for their very good quality of grape (‘Victoria’, ‘Tamina’, ‘Xenia’, ‘Napoca’ and ‘Augusta’). These varieties are distinguished by the highest values for bunch and berry weight (between 300-500 g and 5.5-8.4 g, respectively), berries’ size uniformity, the sugar content between 15.45-21.53 ºBrix and balanced ºBrix / acid ratio. Lately, the high temperatures during the grape maturation period have led to increased accumulations of sugar in berries, to reduced acidity, which affects the sugar-acidity balance; a more careful choice of grape harvest time is needed.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bucur G.M., Dejeu L. 2016, Climate change trends in some romanian viticultural centers. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Volume 5, Number 2, ISSN 2285- 5718, 24-27.

  • Cichi D.D., Popa C., Necula C., 2010. Ghid ampelografic al soiurilor de struguri pentru masă. Universitaria Publishing House, Craiova.

  • Costescu A., 2013, Necessity of cultivation and classification of the table grapes varieties for commercialization. Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture., Vol. LVII, ISSN 2285-5653, 183-188.

  • Costescu A., Dejeu L., Popa C. 2013, Researches concerning the resistance frost of the table grape varieties grown in Stefanesti-Arges vineyard. Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture., Vol. LVII, ISSN 2285-5653, 37-40.

  • Dejeu L., Bucur G. M., Damian I. 2013, 120 years of research, education and vitivinicultural production at Pietroasa. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol. II, Number 1, ISSN 2285-5718, 89-94.

  • Filimon R.V., Damian D., Filimon R., Rotaru L., 2016. Assessment of consumer preferences on table grapes of new Vitis vinifera L. cultivars. Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova XLIX 3(167):97-110.

  • Indreaş A., Vişan L., 2000. Principalele soiuri de struguri de masă cultivate în România. Ceres Publishing House, 32-56.

  • Irimia L.M., 2012. Biologia, ecologia şi fiziologia viţeide- vie. Biologia viţei-de-vie. „Ion Ionescu de la Brad” Publishing House, Iaşi, 94-110.

  • Jayasena V., Cameron I., 2008. Brix / acid ratio as a predictor of consumer acceptability of Crimson Seedless table grapes. Journal of Food Quality 301:736-750.

  • Lacombe T., Boursiquot J.M., Laucou V., Di Vecchi- Staraz M., Peros J.P., This P., 2013. Large-scale parentage analysis in an extended set of grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.). Theoretical Applied Genetics 126 (2):401-414.

  • Lorenz D.H., Eichhorn K.W., Bleiholder H., Klose R., Meier U., Weber E., 1994. Phänologische Entwicklungsstadien der Weinrebe (Vitis vinifera L. ssp. vinifera). Vitic. Enol. Sci. 49:66-70.

  • Oprea Ş., Gorodea G., Ioniţă I., Culcea V., Condei Gh., Calistru Gh., Oană M., Dănulescu D., Bădiţescu D., Moldovan S., 1986. Improvement of the viticultural assortment of Romania by developing new cultivars. Bulletin de l' Académie des Sciences Agricoles et Forestières (15):143-156.

  • Oşlobeanu M., Oprean M., Alexandrescu I., Georgescu M., Baniţă P., Jianu L., 1980. Viticultură generală şi specială. Ecologia viţei-de-vie. Pedagogical Publishing House, Bucharest, 192-198; 523-526.

  • Oşlobeanu M., Macici M., Georgescu M., Stoian V., 1991. Zonarea soiurilor de viţă-de-vie în România. Ceres Publishing House, 112-115.

  • Rotaru L., Mustea M., Petrea G., Nechita B., 2010. New creations vinifera for table grapes intended for the restrictive conditions of culture of the North-Eastern zone of Romania. Journal of Horticulturte, Forestry and Biotechnology 14(1):7-12.

  • Rotaru L., Mustea M., Nechita B., 2011. La valeur agrobiologique et technologique du nouvelles creations pour raisins de table dans le vignoble de Iaşi. Lucrări Ştiinţifice, Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară "Ion Ionescu de la Brad" Iaşi, Seria Horticultură 54(1):481-486.

  • Stroe M.V., 2016. Knowledge of quality performance of some table grape varieties grown and obtained in the experimental field from UASVM Bucharest. Scientific Papers, Series B, Horticulture 60:103-108.

  • Rustioni L., Maghradze D., Popescu C.F., Cola G., Abashidze E., Aroutiounian R., Brazao J., Coletti S., Cornea V., Dejeu L., Dinu D., Eiras Dias J.E., Fiori S., Goryslavets S., Ibáñez J., Kocsis L., Lorenzini F., Maletic E., Mamasakhlisashvili L., Margaryan K., Mdinaradze I., Memetova E., Montemayor M.I., Muñoz-Organero G., Nemeth G., Nikolaou N., Raimondi S., Risovanna V., Sakaveli F., Savin G., Savvides S., Schneider A., Schwander F., Spring J.L., Pastore G., Preiner D., Ujmajuridze L., Zioziou E., Maul E., Bacilieri R., Failla O., 2014. First results of the European grapevine collections' collaborative network: validation of a standard eno-carpological phenotyping method. Vitis 53:219-226.

  • Stroe M.V., Dunuţă T.V., Cojanu D.N. 2017, Influence of temperature and humidity in blooming phenophase concerning on fruit set in some table grapes (Vitis vinifera L.). Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture, Volume LXI, Print ISSN 2285-5653, 269-276.

  • COST FA1003 Action, 2010. "East-West Collaboration for Grapevine Diversity Exploration and Mobilization of Adaptive Traits for Breeding". Retrieved 2017 February 04 from http://users.unimi.it/grapenet/.

  • OIV, 2009. Descriptor List for Grape Varieties and Vitis species (2nd edition). Retrieved 2016 December 20 from http://oiv.int.

  • OIV Resolution VITI 1/2008, 2008. OIV standard on minimum maturity requirements for table grapes. Retrieved 2017 December 11 from http://www.oiv.int/public/medias/369/viti-2008-1-en.pdf.

  • ONVPV, 2017. Questionnaire pour l’établissement des statistiques vitivinicoles. Retrieved 2017 December 04 from https://www.onvpv.ro/

  • Vitis International Variety Catalogue, 2012. Retrieved 2017 March 03 from http://www.vivc.de./.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search