Public Perception of the Role of the Nigeria Police Force in Curbing the Menace of Kidnapping in Benin Metropolis, Southern Nigeria: A Criminological Study

Open access


Kidnapping for ransom has been on the increase in the last ten years in Nigeria and there appears to be no end in sight despite the existence of a police force whose statutory function of crime detection and prevention has come under fire for its abysmal performance. This study therefore examined the public perception of the role of the Nigeria police force in curbing the menace of kidnapping in Benin Metropolis, Southern Nigeria. This study adopted the problem-oriented policing theory in its explanation of the topic under investigation. It also employed the survey and cross-sectional design. The quantitative technique was utilized to collect data from the respondents while a total of 960 respondents were quantitatively sampled. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the quantitative data collected from the field. Findings from this investigation showed that there is a very poor public perception of the police and that there are a multiplicity of obstacles hindering the efforts of the police at curbing the activities of kidnappers in Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that government should improve the funding of the police to boost the morale of the rank and file while the police on its part should get rid of the bad elements within its system in order for public confidence to be restored in its ability.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adegoke; N. (2014) The Nigeria Police and the challenges of security in Nigeria. Review of public administration and management. Volume 3 No 6. pp 21-36

  • Alemika E. E. O. 1988. Policing and perception of police in Nigeria. Police Studies 11(4): 161-176.

  • Alemika E. and Chukwuma I. 2000. Police community violence in Nigeria. Lagos Center for Law Enforcement Education and National Human Rights Commission.

  • Alemika E.E.O.2003. The politics of identities and democracy in Nigeria Jos: University of Jos.

  • Ash H.S (1971) Police authority and rights of individual .Arco Publishing comp New York U.S.A.

  • Cordner G (1986) Fear of crime and the police: An evaluation of fear reduction strategy. Found of police science and Administration 14(3) 223-233

  • Criminal Code Act Cap C 38 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria. 2004

  • Eck J.E. & Spelman W. 1987 Problem Solving: Problem-Oriented Policing in Newport News National Institute of Justice United States Department of Justice Washington DC.

  • Goldstein H. 1979 “Improving policing: A problem-oriented approach” Crime and Delinquency vol. 25 no. 2 pp. 236-58.

  • Illechukwu L.C. Uchem R.N. and Asogwa U.D. 2014. Stemming the incidence of kidnapping in the Nigerian society. Journal of Culture Society and Development Vol. 12 pp 28-47

  • Inyang J. D. 2009. Kidnapping: who can deliver Nigeria? News D’or Magazine. Vol. 1 (a): July 12 p11-15

  • Inyang J. D. and Ubong E. A. (2013). “The Social Problem of Kidnapping and Its Implications on the Socio-Economic Development of Nigeria: A Study of Uyo Metropolis”. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 4 No. 6 pp

  • Obarisiagbon E.I. (2017). Kidnapping and the administration of criminal justice in selected states in Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation University of Ibadan Ibadan Nigeria.

  • Odekunle F. 2004. Overview of policing in Nigeria: problems and suggestions. Ikeja-Lagos: Cleen foundation.

  • Okarah C.I (2014) Cause of insecurity in Nigeria: The challenges and relevance of the Nigeria Police Force as a panacea. Unpublished Thesis University of Nsukka.

  • Onyeozili E.C. (2005) Obstacles To Effective Policing In Nigeria African Journal Of African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies. Vol. 1 No. 1.

  • Orobator S.E. 1993. The political and socio-economic environment of policing since 1960. Policing Nigeria past present and future. T. N. Tamuno; I.L Bashir; E.E.O. Alemika. and A.O. Akano Eds. Lagos: Malthouse Press Ltd. Police Act Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004

  • Tamuno T.N. 1970. Police in Modern Nigeria 1861-1965. Ibadan: University of Ibadan Press.

  • Ugwulebo O.E. 2011. Kidnapping in Nigeria. Enugu. Cel-Bez Publishing Co. Ltd

  • Ugwuoke C.U. (2011). Nigeria and the Menace of Kidnapping: The Way Forward. The Nigerian Journal of Research and Production Vol.18 pp.44-57.

  • Weisburd D. & Green L. 1995 “Policing drug hot spots: The Jersey City Market Analysis Experiment” Justice Quarterly vol. 12 no. 4 pp. 711-35.

  • Yang S L SL Huang S.L(2007) Kwanppi - Taiwan the significance of geographic proximity improvisation and fluidity International Journal of Offenders 51(3) 324-3G

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1306 885 64
PDF Downloads 1775 1331 101