Epidemiology of Osteoporosis

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Epidemiologija Osteoporoze

U većini zemalja u svijetu, pa tako i u Hrvatskoj ne postoji jedinstveni sustav registriranja oboljelih od osteoporoze, kao ni osoba s osteoporotskim prijelomima. Podatci iz epidemioloških istraživanja pokazuju da je učestalost osteoporoze veća u azijskim zemljama u odnosu na europsko i sjevernoameričko stanovništvo bijele rase, u kojih prevalencija iznosi 10% do 15%. U Hrvatskoj je učestalost slična onoj u drugim europskim zemljama, dok je incidencija osteoporotskih prijeloma nešto veća od europskog prosjeka. Također je broj prijavljenih slučajeva osteoporoze i osteomalacije od primarne zdravstvene zaštite zadnjih 10 godina u stalnom porastu i u 2004. godini je iznosio 0,70% u odnosu na ukupan broj prijavljenih bolesti. Najvažniji rizični čimbenici bolesti su dob, naslijeđe, životne navike, postojanje kroničnih bolesti i hormonskih poremećaja te individualna fizikalna obilježja kosti. Kao u većine kroničnih bolesti, mjerama prevencije može se pravodobno spriječiti nastanak bolesti i njezinih komplikacija.

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