Analysis of the Saxicolous Lichen Communities in Măcin Mountains National Park

Open access

Abstract

The assemblage of saxicolous lichenized fungal communities in Măcin Mountains National Park was assessed during a biodiversity study developed between 2006 and 2008. Fifty three species of saxicolous lichenized fungi were identified on Hercynic granites and granitoid outcrops characterized by intense weathering process. Apparently, competition was not the main mechanism in community assemblage as calculated C score showed (non-significant difference between mean calculated and simulated score). Niche overlap assessment showed that lichens avoided competition by spatial niche partition (mean Pianka index of 0.07 for sampling quadrats and 0.20 for locations). The estimation of nestedness index (N=0.63 at local scale and N=0.88 at sampling quadrat scale) indicated that local communities were subsets of a larger, regional scale metacommunity. Similarities in community composition across locations were assessed by means of Ward algorithm, results indicating that the most dissimilar communities were encountered at Pietrele Mariei, a residual inselberg and Suluc foothill. Conservation of saxicolous communities containing endangered species such as Umbilicaria grisea, critically endangered Ramalina obtusata and vulnerable Acrocordia gemmata, Pertusaria hemisphaerica, Pertusaria pertusa will be challenged in the future by anthropogenic impact coming from agriculture, sheep grazing and quarries operating in the proximity of the reserve area.

References

  • Armstrong, R.A. & Welch, A.R. (2007). Competition in lichen communities. Symbiosis, 43, 1-12.

  • Badiu, D., Iojă, C. & Pătroescu M. (2014). The environmental impact of arable land in a protected area of community interest. Case study: ROSCI0123 Măcin Mountains, Romania. Forum geografic, 13(1), 59-65.

  • Bascompte, J., Jordano, P., Melian, C.J. & Olesen, J.M. (2003). The nested assembly of plant-animal mutualistic networks. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100, 9383-9387.

  • Beaudrot, L.H. & Marshall, A.J. (2011). Primate communities are structured more by dispersal limitation than by niches. Journal of Animal Ecology, 80(2), 332-341.

  • Ciurchea, M. (1998). Lichenii din România. Vol. I. Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană.

  • Cobanoğlu, G., Yavuz, M., Costache, I. & Radu I. (2011). Additional and new lichen records from Cozia National Park, Romania. Mycotaxon, 114, 193-196.

  • Colwell, R.K., Mao, C.X. & Chang, J. (2004). Interpolating, extrapolating and comparing incidence-based species accumulation curves. Ecology, 85, 2717-2727.

  • Connor, E.F. & Simberloff, D. (1979). The assembly of species communities: chance or competition? Ecology, 60, 1132-1140.

  • Diamond, J.M. (1975). Assembly of species communities. In M.L. Cody & J.M. Diamond (eds.). Ecology and Evolution of Communities (pp. 342-444). Cambridge: Belknap Press.

  • Feeley, K. (2003). Analysis of avian communities in Lake Guri, Venezuela, using multiple assembly rule models. Oecologia, 137, 104-113.

  • Gavrilă, I.G. (2012). The importance of morphometric analyses in highlighting the touristic attractiveness of North-West Dobrogea landscape. Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, 1(9), 107-108.

  • Gavrilă, I.G. & Anghel, T. (2013). Geomorphosites inventory in the Măcin Mountains (South-Eastern Romania). Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, 1(11), 42-53.

  • Gotelli, N.J. (2001). Research frontiers in null model analysis. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(4), 337-343.

  • Gotelli, N.J. & Graves, G.R. (1996). Null models in ecology. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.

  • Gotelli, N.J. & Entsminger, G.L. (2001a). Swap and fill algorithms in null model analysis: rethinking the knight’s tour. Oecologia, 129, 281-291.

  • Gotelli, N.J. & Entsminger, G.L. (2001b). EcoSim: Null models software for ecology. Version 7. Acquired Intelligence Inc. & Kesey-Bear. Jericho, VT 05465. Retrieved October 08, 2013 from: http://garyentsminger.com/ecosim.htm.

  • Gotelli, N.J. & Colwell, R.K. (2001). Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology Letters, 4, 379-391.

  • Götzenberger, L., De Bello, F., Bråthen, K.A., Davison, J., Dubuis, A., Guisan, A., Lepš, J., Lindborg, R., Moora, M., Pärtel, M., Pellissier, L., Pottier, J., Vittoz, P., Zobel, K. & Zobel, M. (2012). Ecological assembly rules in plant communities - approaches, patterns and prospects. Biological Reviews, 87, 111-127.

  • Grime, J.P. 1979. Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes. London: John Wiley & Sons.

  • Hale, M.E. Jr. (1982). Lichens as bioindicators and monitors of air pollution in the Flat Tops Wilderness Area, Colorado. Final Report, U.S.Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Contract No. OM RFPR2-81-SP35. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.

  • Halici, G.M. & Aksoy, A. (2006). Saxicolous and Terricolous lichens of Şirvan Mountain (Pinarbaşi, Kazseri). Turk. J. Bot., 30, 477-481.

  • Hammer, Ø., Harper, D.T. & Ryan, P.D. (2001). PAST: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Paleontologia Electronica: Retrieved July 31, 2013 from http://palaeo-electronica.org.

  • Hansson, L. & Angelstam P. (1991). Landscape ecology as theoretical basis for nature conservation. Landscape Ecology, 5(4), 191-201.

  • Hestmark, G., Skogesal, O. & Skullerud, Ø. (2007). Early recruitment equals long-term abundance in an alpine saxicolous guild. Mycologia, 99(2), 207-214.

  • Horner-Devine, M.C., Silver, J.M., Leibold, M.A. Bohannan, B.J.M., Colwell, R.K., Fuhrman, J.A., Green, J.L., Kuske, C.R., Martiny, J.B.H., Muyzer, G., Øvreas, L., Reysenbach, A.L. & Smith, V.H. (2007). A comparison of taxon cooccurrence patterns for macro- and microorganisms. Ecology, 88, 1345-1353.

  • Jonsson, B.G. (2001). A null model for randomization tests of nestedness in species assemblages. Oecologia, 127, 309-313.

  • Knudsen, K. & Magney, D. (2006). Rare Lichen Habitats and Rare Lichen Species of Ventura County, California. Opuscula Philolichenum, 3, 49-52.

  • Leibold, L.H., Holyoak, M., Mouquet, N., Amaresekare, P., Chase, J.M., Hoopes, M., Holt, R.D., Shurin, J.B., Law, R., Tilman, D., Loreau, M. & Gonzales, A. (2004). The metacommunity concept: a framework for multiscale community ecology. Ecology Letters, 7, 601-613.

  • Leibold, M.A. & Norberg, J. (2004). Biodiversity in metacommunities. Plankton as complex adaptive systems? Limnol. Oceanog., 49(4, part2), 1278-1289.

  • Lindo, Z., Winchester, N.N. & Didham, R.K. (2008). Nested patterns of community assembly in the colonization of artificial canopy habitats by oribatid mites. Oikos, 117, 1856-1864.

  • McArthur, R. & Levins, R. (1967). The limiting similarity, convergence, and divergence of coexisting species. The American Naturalist, 101, 377-385.

  • Maestre, F.T., Escolar, C., Martinez, I. & Escudero, A. (2008). Are soil lichen communities structured by biotic interactions? Journal of Vegetation Science, 19, 261-266.

  • Magurran, A.E. (1988). Ecological Diversity and its measurement. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Matthes, U., Ryan, B.D. & Larson, W. (2004). Community structure of epilithic lichen son cliffs of the Niagara escarpment, Ontario, Canada. Plant Ecology, 148(2), 233-244.

  • McCoy, E.D. & Heck, K.L. Jr. (1987). Some observations on the use of taxonomic similarity in large-scale biogeography. Journal of Biogeography, 14, 79-87.

  • Moore, J.E. & Swihart, R.K. (2007). Toward ecologically explicit null models of nestedness. Oecologia, 153, 763-777.

  • Motiejûnaitë, J. & Faútynowicz, W. (2005). Effect of land-use on lichen diversity in the transboundary region of Lithuania and northern Poland. Ekologija, 3, 34-43.

  • Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F.G., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., Peter, R., Minchin, R., O'Hara, B., Simpson, G.L., Solymos, P., Henry, M., Stevens, H. & Wagner, H. (2013). Vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0-10. Retrieved September 12, 2014 from: http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan.

  • Patterson, B.D. & Atmar, W. (1986). Nested subsets and the structure of insular mammalian faunas and archipelagos. In L.R. Heaney & B.D. Patterson (eds.). Island biogeography of mammals (pp. 65-82). London: Academic Press.

  • Paukov, A.G. & Trapeznikova, S.N. (2004). Lithophilous lichens in Middle Ural. The 5th symposium Lichens in Focus, 16-21 August 2004, Tartu, Estonia.

  • Perez, P.R.E., Herrera-Campos, M.A., Castelan, Q.H. & Barrios, G.R. (2004). Corticolous lichen flora on Pinus patula from the Pinus-oak forests in Sierra de Juarez, Oaxaca. The 5th Symposium Lichens in Focus, 16-21 August 2004, Tartu, Estonia.

  • Pianka, E.R. (1973). The structure of lizard communities. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 53-74.

  • Podani, J. (2000). Introduction to the exploration of multivariate biological data. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers.

  • Popescu, A. & Doniță, N. (2010). New phytocoenoses reported in Măcin Mountains National Park. Anniversary Conference of the Institute of Biology - 50 years of Academic research and Biology. Book of Abstracts (p. 106). Bucureşti: Ars Docendi.

  • Purvis, O.W. & Halls, C. (1996). A review of lichens in metal-enriched environments. The Lichenologist, 28(6), 571-601.

  • Rodríguez-Gironés, M.A. & Santamaría, L. (2006). A new algorithm to calculate the nestedness temperature of presence-absence matrices. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 924-935.

  • Sanders, M., Gotelli, N.J., Heller, N.E., Gordon, D.M. (2003). Community disassembly by an invasive species. PNAS, 100(4), 2474-2477.

  • Sanderson, J.G., Moulton, M.P. & Selfridge, R.G. (1998). Null matrices and the analysis of species co-occurrences. Oecologia, 116, 275-283.

  • Schatz, A. (1963). The importance of metal-binding phenomena in the chemistry and microbiology of the soil. I. The chelating properties of lichens and lichen acids. Advancing Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 113-134.

  • Seghedi, A. (2012). Paleozoic formations in Dobrogea and Pre-Dobrogea. Turkish J. Earth Sci., 21, 669-721.

  • Simberloff, D. & Martin, J.-L. (1991). Nestedness of insular avifauna: simple summary statistics masking complex species patterns. Ornis Fennica, 68, 178-192.

  • Sparrius, L.B. (2004). Ammonia as a key factor for the composition of epiphytic lichen communities. The 5th Symposium Lichens in Focus, 16-21 August 2004, Tartu, Estonia.

  • Stone, L. & Roberts, A. (1990). The checkerboard score and species distributions. Oecologia, 85, 74-79.

  • Ulrich, W. & Almeida-Neto, M. (2012). On the meaning of nestedness: back to the basics. Ecography, 35(10), 865-871.

  • Ulrich, W., Almeida-Neto, M. & Gotelli, J. (2009). A consumer’s guide to nestedness analysis. Oikos, 118, 3-17.

  • Ulrich, W. & Gotelli, N.J. (2007). Null model analysis of species nestedness patterns. Ecology, 88, 1824-1831.

  • Vásquez, D.P., Poulin, R., Krasnov, B.R. & Shenbrot, G.I. (2005). Species abundance patterns and the distribution of specialization in host-parasite interaction networks. J. Anim. Ecol., 7(5), 946-955.

  • Weiher, E. & Keddy, P. (eds.) (1999). Ecological Assembly Rules: Perspectives, Advances, Retreats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Will-Wolf, S., Hawksworth, D.L., McCune, B., Rosentreter, R. & Sipman, H.J.M. (2004). Lichenized Fungi. In G. M. Mueller, G.F. Bills & M.S. Foster (eds.). Biodiversity of Fungi: Inventory and Monitoring Methods (pp. 173-195). Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press.

  • Wolseley, P., Stoffer, S., Mitchell, R., Truscott, A.M., Vanbergen, A., Chemonides, J. & Scheidegger, C. (2006). Variation of lichen communities with land use in Aberdeenshire, UK. The Lichenologist, 38(4), 307-322.

  • Wright, D.H., Patterson, B.D., Mikkelson, G.M., Cutler, A. & Atmar, W. (1998). A comparative analysis of nested subset patterns of species composition. Oecologia, 113, 1-20.

  • Yazici, K. & Aslan, A. (2006). Lichen taxonomic composition from Mustafa Kemalpaşa. Bursa district (Turkey). Acta Bot. Croat., 65(1), 25-39.

Acta Horti Botanici Bucurestiensis

The Journal of University of Bucharest

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 11 11 11
PDF Downloads 2 2 2