Canyons of Albania and geotourism development

Merita Dollma 1
  • 1 Department of Geography, Faculty of History and Philology, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania

Abstract

Canyons are among the most interesting geosites created by the erosive activity of the rivers, processes of weathering and erosion or tectonic activity and are distinguished for the aesthetic beauty of the shapes, the labyrinths of the valleys, the steepness of the slopes, the greatness of vertical walls, waterfalls, caves, etc., bearing high scientific, educational and touristic values. Albania has a considerable number of canyons due to the presence of a rich river network flowing through the variety of geological formations and tectonic faults. Outstanding are the wellformed canyons in limestone rocks with almost vertical walls such as Gradec canyon in Çorovoda, Lëngarica canyon in Përmet, Grunas canyon in Theth, etc. The only canyons which are formed on magmatic rocks are the canyons of Devoll. For their values, the most interesting canyons are included in the list of nature monuments as geomonuments. The most magnificent and frequented canyons for tourism in Albania are the Osum canyons, Gradec canyon, Lëngarica canyon and Nivica canyon. These distant impressing landforms, once forgotten and unexplored, are now attracting the attention of many tourists either for admiring their natural scenery, hiking and rafting or for curative tourism. However, despite their values the canyons are not enough known due to lack of information or poor promotion. Filling this gap has served this study where the geotouristic potential of the canyons is evaluated according to four criteria of Knapik.at.al such as accessibility, state of preservation, scientific value and education value (Solarska and Jary, 2010). The database of the canyons is organized in an inventory card which contains general and specific data of each geosite. The final product of this project will be a website that will inform the public and promote the values of the canyons of Albania.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Academy of Sciences (1991) Physical Geography of Albania, Kombinati Poligrafik-Shtypshkronja e Re, Tiranë, p. 326.

  • Dollma M. (2015) Geotourism and sustainable development in Skrapar. Acta Geoturistica, vol. 6 nr. 2, 11-17.

  • Dollma M. (2015) Geoinformation of hydromonuments of Albania in function to the tourism development, Journal “Geographical research”, Kosovo.

  • Ghiraldi, L., Coratza,P., De Biaggi, E., Giardino, M., Marchetti, M. and Perotti, L. (2009) Development and usage of Geosites: new results from research and conservation activities in the Piemonte Region (Italy), Studia Universitatis Babeş- Bolyai, Geologia, vol. 54, nr. 2, p. 25.

  • Giardino, M. and Mortara, G. (2004) I geositi nel paesaggio della Provincia di Torino. Pubblicazione del Servizio Difesa del Suolo della Provincia di Torino, v. I, p. 116. (in Italian)

  • National Geographic (2015) About geotourism, available at:http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/sustainable/about_geotourism.html

  • Neziraj A., Moisiu L. and Avxhi A. (2016) Gjeologjia, Gjeoresurset, Gjeorreziqet dhe Mjedisi në bashkitë e Shqipërisë (Nënprojekti Gjeomonumentet sipas Bashkive në shkallën 1:50000), Arkivi ShGjSh, Tiranë. (in Albanian)

  • Serjani A. and Dollma M. (2012) Geoecosystems in Albania. Geologia dell’Ambiente, Periodico trimestrale della SIGEA, Società Italiana di Geologia Ambientale Poste Italiane S.p.a. - Spedizione in Abbonamento Postale - No. 3, p.181-189.

  • Solarska A. and Jary Z. (2010) Geoheritage and Geotourism Potential of the Strzelin Hills. Geographica Pannonica, vol.14, nr. 4, 118-125.

  • Swarna, K., Biswas, S.K. and Harinarayana, T. (2013) Development of Geotourism in Kutch Region, Gujarat, India: An Innovative Approach. Journal of Environmental Protection, 4, 1361.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search