The Impact of Economic Size of Farms on their Material and Energy Expenditure

  • 1 , School Complex in Ludwin, 21-075 Ludwin 30a, Poland
  • 2 Production in agriculture Department, Agricultural Research Centre of Wallonia, , chaussée de Namur 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
  • 3 Sustainability, Systems and Prospectives Department, Walloon Agricultural Research Centre, , Rue du Bordia, 4, Gembloux, Belgium
  • 4 Department of Agrobiotechnology, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15–17, 75-620, Koszalin, Poland
  • 5 Department of Machinery Exploitation and Management of Production Processes, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950, Lublin, Poland

Abstract

The study assesses the impact of the economic size of farms on the efficiency of their material and energy expenditure, based on 679 farms from the Lubelskie Voivodeship. The analysis was made for the years 2013-2015 and the farms were divided into six economic size classes. 5 indexes for the efficiency of material, energy and material-energy expenditures were calculated for all farms. The aim of the work was to select a group of farms with the highest efficiency of energy and material expenditure. It was found that economically small farms managed this expenditure most effectively, as evidenced by the highest values of 4 out of 5 analyzed indexes. Very small and medium-small farms demonstrated the highest efficiency of material expenditure. In contrast, energy expenditure was most efficiently used by medium-small farms. The farms that were the largest economically were characterized by the highest efficiency index of material and energy expenditure, calculated as the ratio of total production to the expenditure.

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