This study analyses the results of research on the improvement of grain quality using a filling core in a grain silo. The research is a part of the research project aimed at developing an innovative system for drying and storing maize grain that, among other benefits, reduces grain damage. Two series were carried out: a control series, in which a chute was applied as the main element, and an operation series, in which a cascade chute was used for testing. The analysis conducted on the simulated operating conditions showed a 4-5-fold reduction in the amount of grain damaged following the application of the filling core compared with the control series. It has also been shown that a 6-meter cascade chute considerably decreases the velocity of the falling grain when loading the silo.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Abass A.B. Ndunguru G. Mamiro P. Alenkhe B. Mlingi N. Bekunda M. (2014). Post-harvest food losses in a maize-based farming system of semi-arid savannah area of Tanzania. Journal of Stored Products Research 57 49-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2013.12.004
Bassu S. Brisson N. Durand J.-L. Boote K. Lizaso J. Jones J.W. Waha K. (2014). How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Global Change Biology 20(7) 2301-2320. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12520
Bbosa D. Brumm T.J. Bern C.J. Rosentrater K.A. Raman D.R. (2017). Evaluation of hermetic maize storage in 208 liter barrels (55 GAL) Steel Barrels for Smallholder Farmers Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications 60(3) 981-987.
Bernardes T.F. Daniel J.L.P. Adesogan A.T. McAllister T.A. Drouin P. Nussio L.G. Huhtanen P. Tremblay G.F. Bélanger G. Cai Y. (2018). Silage review: Unique challenges of silages made in hot and cold regions. Journal of Dairy Science 101(5) 4001-4019. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-13703
Carvalho B.F. Ávila C.L.S. Bernardes T.F. Pereira M.N. Santos C. Schwan R.F. (2017). Fermentation profile and identification of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts of rehydrated corn kernel silage. Journal of Applied Microbiology 122(3) 589-600. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13371
Evenson R.E. Gollin D. (2015). Assessing the impact of the Green Revolution. Science 300(5620) 758-762. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1078710
FAOSTAT. (2018). Statistical databases and data-sets of the Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations. Retrieved July 27 2018 from http://www.fao.org.
Giorni P. Battilani P. Pietri A. Magan N. (2008). Effect of aw and CO2 level on Aspergillus flavus growth and aflatoxin production in high moisture maize post-harvest. International Journal of Food Microbiology 122(1-2) 109–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IJFOODMICRO.2007.11.051
Herrmann A. Rath J. (2012). Biogas production from maize: Current state challenges and prospects. 1. Methane Yield Potential. Bioenergy Research 5(4) 1027-1042. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-012-9202-6
Liu S. Song F. Liu F. Zhu X. Xu H. (2012). Effect of planting density on root lodging resistance and its relationship to nodal root growth characteristics in maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Agricultural Science 4. https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v4n12p182
Meyers T.P. Hollinger S.E. (2004). An assessment of storage terms in the surface energy balance of maize and soybean. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 125(1-2) 105-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.03.001
Polish Central Statistical Office. (2005). Land use sown area and livestock population.
Polish Central Statistical Office. (2018). Land use sown area and livestock population.
Scaar H. Franke G. Weigler F. Delele M. Tsotsas E. Mellmann J. (2015). Experimental and numerical study of the airflow distribution during mixed-flow grain drying. Drying Technology 4. https://doi.org/10.1080/07373937.2015.1064946
Shiferaw B. Smale M. Braun H.J. Duveiller E. Reynolds M. Muricho G. (2013). Crops that feed the world 10. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by wheat in global food security. Food Security 5(3) 291-317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0263-y
Suleiman R. Bern C.J. Brumm T.J. Rosentrater K.A. (2018). Impact of moisture content and maize weevils on maize quality during hermetic and non-hermetic storage. Journal of Stored Products Research 78 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2018.05.007
Tonui K.S. Mutai E.B.K. Mutuli D.A. Mbuge D.O. Too K.V. (2014). Design and evaluation of solar grain dryer with a back-up heater. Research Journal of Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology 7(15) 3036-3043. https://doi.org/10.19026/rjaset.7.639
Walker S. Jaime R. Kagot V. Probst C. (2018). Comparative effects of hermetic and traditional storage devices on maize grain: Mycotoxin development insect infestation and grain quality. Journal of Stored Products Research 77 34-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2018.02.002
Weigler F. Scaar H. Mellmann J. (2012). Investigation of particle and air flows in a mixed-flow dryer. Drying Technology 30(15) 1730-1741. https://doi.org/10.1080/07373937.2012.703742
Zhu F. (2018). Effect of ozone treatment on the quality of grain products. Food Chemistry 264(May) 358–366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.05.047