Selected Properties of Multilayer Films Applied for Vacuum and Modified Atmosphere Packaging Systems

Open access


The aim of the research was to determine the selected properties of packaging materials applicable for vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging. Six samples of multilayer films with different composition were tested to evaluate the thickness, basic weight, density and the mechanical properties in elongation and puncture tests. Zwick/Roell apparatus equipped with elongation jaws and a puncture pin was used in the experiments. The tensile modulus, tensile strength, elongation at tensile strength, stress at break and work at break were investigated with the elongation test, whereas the breaking force, puncture work and extension at break were evaluated with the puncture test. The obtained results allow conclusion that the thickness and basic weight of the packaging films used in the vacuum system was higher comparing with the MAP system. Analyzing the results of the elongation modulus and stress at break it was reported that the materials used for food packaging in the MAP system were characterized with better properties, whereas elongation at the tensile strength was higher for films applied in the vacuum system, except for a film with a metalized layer. The highest resistance for puncture was evaluated for OPET/PE film used in MAP packaging. The extension at break under the puncture test was higher for films dedicated for vacuum packaging suggesting their better resistance for the mechanical damage by a thin pin. Several correlations between physical and mechanical properties of multilayer films were found.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ASTM D63805:2008. Standard test method for tensile properties of plastics.

  • ASTM D882:2010. Standard test method for tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting.

  • Brennan J. Day B. (2006). Packaging. In: Food Processing Handbook. Ed. J. Brennan WILEYVCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA Weinheim Germany 291-350.

  • Butler T.I. Morris B.A. (2013). PE-based multilayer film structures. In: Plastic Films in Food Packaging. Materials. Technology and Applications. Ed. Ebnesajjad S. Plastics Design Library Elsevier Inc. Oxford UK 21-52.

  • Chocyk D. Gładyszewska B. Ciupak A. Oniszczuk T. Mościcki L. Rejak A. (2015). Influence of water addition on mechanical properties of thermoplastic starch foils. International Agrophysics 29(3) 267-275.

  • Czerniawski B. Michniewicz J. (1998). Opakowania Żywności. AGRO-FOOD-TECHNOLOGY Czeladź.

  • Davis J.R. (2004). Tensile testing. ASM International. Overseas Publishers Association California USA.

  • DIN EN 14477:2004. Packaging. Flexible packaging material - Determination of puncture resistance - Test methods.

  • Guillard V. Mauricio-Iglesias M. Gontard N. (2010). Effect of novel food processing methods on packaging: structure composition and migration properties. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition50 969-988.

  • Kacenak I. Dandar A. Sekretar S. (2005). Nowoczesne sposoby pakowania a ich wpływ na jakość i trwałość produktów Przemysł Spożywczy 59(9) 20-25.

  • Maeda T. Endo F. Hotta A. (2015). Highly functionalized polyethylene terephthalate for food packaging. In: Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Based Blends Composites and Nanocomposites. Eds. Visakh P.M. Liang M. Elsevier Inc. William Andrew Oxford UK 213-234.

  • Mirosław B. (2010). Opakowania giętkie - nowe materiały i rozwiązania Przemysł Spożywczy 64(7/8) 68-72.

  • Mosleh M. Suh N.P. Arinez J. (1998). Manufacture and properties of a polyethylene homocomposite. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing29(5–6) 611-617.

  • Olech E. Kuboń M. (2016). Clients’ preferences and development of organic food distribution channels. Agricultural Engineering 20(1) 119-125.

  • Panfil-Kuncewicz H. Kuncewicz A. Mieczkowska M. (2011). Postęp w pakowaniu produktów spożywczych. Przemysł Spożywczy65(7/8) 84-90.

  • Rejak A. Wójtowicz A. Oniszczuk T. (2013). Wybrane właściwości folii skrobiowych z dodatkiem poli(alkoholu winylowego) i oleju lnianego. Przemysł Chemiczny 92(11) 2022-2026.

  • Sazali M.Q. Suffian M.S.Z.M. Khan A.A. Yassin A. Mohamaddan S. Yusof M. Rashidi S.A. Saad M.H.I. (2016). The effect of thermal perturbation on a polymer material’s tensile test via simulation and experimental analysis. Journal of Telecommunication Electronic and Computer Engineering 8(12) 141-145.

  • Sharon C. Sharon M. (2012). Studies on biodegradation of polyethylene terephthalate: A synthetic polymer. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research 2(2) 248-257.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 151 99 4
PDF Downloads 137 115 21