Impact of Caustic Soda Solution Temperature on Efficiency of its Cleaning on Solid Sediments After Completed Process of Cleaning in CIP System of Brewing Unit

Abstract

The paper presents the results of analysis concerning the impact of temperature on sedimentation in the caustic soda solution that constitute a contamination after the process of cleaning utensils and pipes for hopped wort transport in the brewery. The solution was collected from the production plant after the process of cleaning and subjected to 12-hour sedimentation and changes of the solid particles participation, their size and percentage share in the solution was determined. The study was carried out with the Shadow Sizing method. The results were subjected to statistical analysis and the surface area of the response of the relation between the time and temperature of sedimentation and the number of particles which stay in the solution was calculated. The research results proved that the temperature significantly affects the cleaning degree of solutions by sedimentation and its duration. After sedimentation in solutions, particles with the surface area from 0.001-0.003 mm2 remain. Those particles are not subject to sedimentation and constitute a coloidal suspension in the solution.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Biń, A. K., Zieliński, J., (2000). Chemical degradation of contaminants in industrial wastewater. Annual Set The Environment Protection, 2, 383-405

  • Blel, W., Dif, M., Sire, O. (2015). Effect of a new regeneration process by adsorption-coagulation and flocculation on the physicochemical properties and the detergent efficiency of regenerated cleaning solutions. Journal of Environmental Management, 155, 1-10.

  • Chen, L., Chen, R., Yin, H., Sui, J., Lin, H. (2012). Cleaning in place with onsite-generated electrolysed oxidizing water for water-saving disinfection in breweries. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 118(4), 401-405.

  • Chung, S.L., Lai, Y.H. (2008). Process control of brewery plants. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, 31(1), 127-140.

  • Dif, M., Blel, W., Tastayre, G., Lendormi, T., Sire, O. (2013). Identification of transfer mechanisms involved in soiled CIP solutions regeneration at extreme pH and high temperature. Journal of Food Engineering, 114, 477–485.

  • DynamicStudio 4.1, 2015. Software User’s Guide. Dantec Dynamics A/S. Publication no.: 9040U1858.

  • DynamicStudio Shadow Sizer, 2011. For a Wide Range of Sizer Applications. Product Information. Publication no.: pi_235_v8. Dantec Dynamics A/S.

  • Gésan-Guiziou, G., Alvarez, N., Jacob, D., Daufina, G. (2007). Cleaning-in-place coupled with membrane regeneration for re-using caustic soda solutions. Separation and Purification Technology, 54(3), 329–339.

  • Goode, K.R., Asteriadou, K., Fryer, P.J., Picksley, M., Robbins, P.T. (2010). Characterising the cleaning mechanisms of yeast and the implications for Cleaning In Place (CIP). Food and Bioproducts Processing, 88(4), 365-374.

  • Gönder, Z.B., Kaya, Y., Vergili, I., Barlas, H. (2010). Optimization of filtration conditions for CIP wastewater treatment by nanofiltration process using Taguchi approach. Separation and Purification Technology, 70(3), 265–273.

  • Jakubowski, M., Antonowicz, A., Janowicz, M., Sterczyńska, M., Piepiórka-Stepuk, J., Poreda, A. (2016). An assessment of the potential of shadow sizing analysis and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to characterise hot trub morphology. Journal of Food Engineering, 173, 34-41.

  • Janczukowicz, W., Mielcarek, A., Rodziewicz, J., Ostrowska, K., Jóźwiak, T., Kłodowska, I., Kordas, M. (2013). Quality Characteristics of Wastewater from Malt and Beer Production. Annual Set The Environment Protection, 15, 729-748.

  • Judd, S.J., Hillis, P. (2001). Optimisation of combined coagulation and microfiltration for water treatment. Water Res. 35(12), 2895–2904.

  • Kaya, Y., Barlas, H., Arayici, S. (2009). Nanofiltration of Cleaning-in-Place (CIP) wastewater in a detergent plant: effects of pH, temperature and transmembrane pressure on flux behavior. Separation and Purification Technology, 65(2), 117–129.

  • Krzemińska, D., Neczaj, E., Parkitna, K. (2013). Application of fenton reaction for supporting biological wastewater treatment from the dairy industry. Annual Set The Environment Protection, 15, 2381-2397.

  • Merin, U., Gésan-Guiziou, G., Boyaval, E., Daufin, G. (2002). Cleaning-in-place in the dairy industry: criteria for reuse of caustic (NaOH) solutions. Dairy Science Technology, 82(3), 357-366.

  • Muster-Slawitsch, B., Weiss, W., Schnitzer, H., Brunner, C. (2011). The green brewery concept– energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources in breweries. Applied Thermal Engineering, 31(13), 2123-2134.

  • Olajire, A.A. (2012). The brewing industry and environmental challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production. (in press) doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.03.003.

  • Pettigrew, L., Blomenhofer, V., Hubert, S., Groß, F., Delgado, A. (2015). Optimisation of water usage in a brewery clean-in-place system using reference nets. Journal of Cleaner Production, 87, 583-593.

  • Piepiórka-Stepuk J. (2018). Analysis of physical impurities in regenerated solutions used in cleaning brewing systems. Journal of the Institute of Brewing. Article in the review.

  • Piepiórka-Stepuk, J., Mierzejewska, S., Kubiak, M.S. (2014). Assessment of contamination of particles occurrence in chemical cleaning solutions stored in tanks of CIP. PAK, 60(10), 889-892.

  • Räsänen, E., Nyström, M., Sahlstein, J., Tossavainen, O. (2002). Purification and regeneration of diluted caustic and acidic washing solutions by membrane filtration. Desalination, 149(1–3), 185–190.

  • Rivera, A., González, J.S., Carrillo, R., Martínez, J.M. (2009). Operational change as a profitable cleaner production tool for a brewery. Journal of Cleaner Production, 17(2), 137-142.

  • Simate, G.S., Cluett, J., Iyuke, S.E., Musapatika, E.T., Ndlovu, S., Walubita, L.F., Alvarez, A.E. (2011). The treatment of brewery wastewater for reuse: State of the art. Desalination, 273(2-3), 235–247.

  • Wawrzacz, B. (2006). An assessment of effectiveness of cleaning of a wort line on the basis of an analysis of colloidal suspensions in CIP installations. Agriculture Engirneering, 7(82), 431-438.

  • Wojdalski, J., Dróżdż, B., Piechocki, J., Gaworski, M., Zander, Z., Marjanowski, J. (2013). Determinants of water consumption in the dairy industry. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 15(2), 61-72.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search