Effect of Planting Methods on the Quality of Three Egyptian Rice Varieties

Open access

Abstract

In Egypt, the traditional transplanting method of rice planting is substituted by broadcasting and dibbling recently. This paper studies the effects and the changes occur in different rice varieties due to different methods on grain quality and amino acids of rice. Three Egyptian rice cultivars belonging to japonica, japonica/indica and indica subspecies were investigated for grain quality, protein and amino acid composition under three planting methods, i.e., broadcasting, seedling transplanting and dibbling. A strip plot design with three replications was used; the investigated three rice cultivars occupied the horizontal main plot, while three planting methods were devoted to the vertical main plot. The method of planting did not affect significantly the grain dimension, but it affected significantly the milling characters and the 1,000-grain weight. The highest milling characters and 1,000-grain weight came from transplanting, while the lowest one from the dibbling method. There was no significant difference between transplanting and broadcasting in milling characters and 1,000-grain weight. The chemical and cooking characters of grains showed no significant differences in moisture content and gelatinization temperature characters, while the differences in protein content and elongation were significant among the varieties and planting methods. The interaction between the planting method and rice had significant effect on the protein content. The most important essential amino acids according to the FAO/WHO pattern were not affected significantly by the different methods of planting. This means that the biological value of rice grains is not affected by different methods of planting.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ALI I.R. – IQBAL N. – SALEEM M.U. – AKHTAR M. 2012. Effect of different planting methods on economic yield and grain quality of rice. In Journal of Agriculture and Applied Sciences vol. 4 no.1 pp. 201 – 228.

  • AZEEZ M.H. – SHAFI M. 1966. Quality in rice. In Technical Bulletin no.13 p. 50. Department of Agriculture Government of West Pakistan Lahore.

  • BHAT F.M. – RIAR C.S. 2017. The traditional rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars on the basis of seed morphology and protein characteristics. In Indian Journal of Plant Sciences vol. 6 no. 1 (January-March) pp. 39 – 47. DOI: http://www.cibtech.org/jps.htm

  • BHUSHAN L. – LADHA J.K. – GUPTA R.K. – SINGH S. – TIROL-PADRE A. – SAHARAWAT Y.S. – GATHALA M. – PATHAK H. 2007. Saving of water and labour in a rice-wheat system with no-tillage and direct seeding technologies. In Agronomy Journal vol. 99 pp. 1288 – 1296. DOI:10.2134/agronj2006.0227

  • CAGAMPANG G.B. – PEREZ C.M. – JULIANO B.O. 1973. A gel consistency test for eating quality of rice. In Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture vol. 24 pp. 1589 – 1594. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740241214

  • CHEN H.S. – WU P.L. – GAO C.C. – HE Z.F. – NIU A.Z. – QING X.H. 1986. Studies on amino acid content of rice protein. In Seed vol. 4 pp. 13 – 19.

  • CHEN N. – LUO Y.K. – XIE L.H. – ZHU Z.W. – DUAN B.W. – ZHANAG L.P. 2006. Protein content and its correlation with other rice quality parameters in China. In Acta Agronomica Sinica vol. 32 pp. 1193 – 1196.

  • CHEN S. – XIA G.M. – ZHAO W.M. – WU F.B. – ZHANG G.P. 2007. Characterization of leaf photosynthetic properties for no-tillage rice. In Rice Science vol. 14 pp. 283 – 288.

  • CHEN Y. – WANG M. – OUWERKERK P.B.F. 2012. Molecular and environmental factors determining grain quality in rice. In Food and Energy Security vol. 1 no. 2 pp. 111 – 132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.11

  • DUNCAN D.B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F. Test. In Biometrics vol. 11 pp. 1 – 24.

  • EGGUM B.O. 1973. Biological availability of amino acid constituents in grain protein. In Nuclear Techniques for plant protein improvement : Proceeding from meeting. Neuherberg JAEA Vienna Austria pp. 391 – 408.

  • EHSANULLAH A.N. – JABRAN K. – HABIB T. 2007. Comparison of different planting methods for optimization of plant population of rice in Punab. In Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences vol. 44 pp. 597 – 599. DOI: https://pakjas.com.pk/papers/258

  • FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization). 1973. Energy and Protein Requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Ad Hoc Expert Committee. WHO Tech. Report Series 522 FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 52 Rome Italy.

  • GOMEZ K.A. – GOMEZ A.A. 1984. Statistical procedures for Agriculture Research 2nd Ed. Manila Philippines: International Rice Research Institute.

  • HOUSTON D.F. – ALLIS M.E. – KOHLER G.O. 1969. Amino acid composition of rice and rice by-products. In Cereal Chemistry vol. 46 pp. 527.

  • ISVILANONDA S. 2002. Development trends and farmers’ benefits in the adoption of wet-seeded rice in Thailand. In PANDY S. – MORTIMER M. – WADE L. – TUONG TP. – LOPEZ K. – HARDY B. (Eds.) Proceedings of Workshop 25 – 28 January. Bangkok. Thailand Makati City (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute pp. 115–124.

  • JULIANO B.O. 1965. Physicochemical investigations of the rice grain. In Chemists’ Quarterly (Manila) vol. 6 pp. 64 – 71.

  • JULIANO B.O. 1971. A simplified assay for milled rice amylose. In Cereal Science Today vol. 16 pp. 334 – 338.

  • JULIANO B.O. 1985. Criteria and tests for rice grain qualities. In JULIANO B.O. (Ed.): Rice: Chemistry and Technology 2nd Edition American Association of Cereal Chemists pp. 443 – 524.

  • KAMARA J.S. – KONISHI S. – SASANUMA T. – ABE A. 2010. Variation in free amino acid profile among some rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. In Breeding Science vol. 60 pp. 46 – 54.

  • KASAI M. – OHISHI K. – SHIMADA A. – HATAE K. 2001. Taste properties of cooked rice based on an analysis of the cooked rice extracts. In Journal of Cookery Science of Japan vol. 34 pp. 373 – 379.

  • KHUSH G.S. – PAULE C.M. – de la CRUZE N.M. 1979. Rice grain quality evaluation and improvement at IRRI. In Proceeding from Workshop on Chemical Aspects of Rice Grain Quality. IRRI Los Banos (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute p. 22 – 31.

  • LITTLE R. – HILDER G. – DAWSON E. 1958. Differential effect of dilute alkali on 25 varieties of milled white rice. In Cereal Chemistry vol. 35 pp. 111 – 126.

  • MARSHALL W.E. 1994. Starch gelatinization in brown and milled rice: A study using differential scanning calorimetry. In MARSHALL W.E. – WADSWORTH J.I. (Eds.) Rice Science and Technology. New Orleans: United States Department of Agriculture pp. 205 – 225.

  • MATSUZAKI A. – TAKANO T. – SAKAMOTO S. – KUBOYAMA T. 1992. Relation between eating quality and chemical components in milled rice and amino acid contents in cooked rice. In Journal of Crop Science vol. 61 pp. 561 – 567.

  • MERYNDA I.S. – PRATAMA F. – SYAIFUL F. – FAIZAL A. 2016. Effects of varieties and cooking methods on physical and chemical characteristics of cooked rice. In Rice Science vol. 23 no. 5 pp. 282 – 286. DOI: 10.1016/j.rsci.2016.08.006

  • NAMAI S. – TORIYAMA K. – FUKUTA Y. 2009. Genetic variations in dry matter production and physiological nitrogen use efficiency in rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties. In Breeding Science vol. 59 pp. 269 – 276. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.59.269

  • PARENGAM M. – KUNCHIT J. – SONGSAK S. – SITIMA J. – SIRINART L. – ARPORN B. 2010. Study of nutrients and toxic minerals in rice and legumes by instrumental neutron activation analysis and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In Journal of Food Composition and Analysis vol. 23 pp. 340 – 345. DOI:10.1016/j.jfca.2009.12.012

  • PEREZ C.M. – JULIANO B.O. – LIBOON S.P. – ALCANTARA J.M. – CASSMAN K.G. 1996. Effects of late nitrogen fertilizer application on head rice yield protein content and grain quality of rice. In Cereal Chemistry vol. 73 pp. 556 – 560.

  • PRADHAN J. 2015. Comparison of rate of plant development and photosynthesis of rice cultivar across combination of watering and planting method. Degree of Master of Sciences in Agriculture (Plant Physiology). Bhubaneswar Odisha: Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology.

  • SETYONO A. – WIBOWO P. 2008. Selection of quality rice relationship with the characteristics of several strains of inbred and hybrid rice. In Proceding from National Seminar of Rice pp. 1525 – 1534.

  • SINGH S. – TRIPATHI R.P. – SHRAMA P. – KUMAR R. 2004. Effect of tillage on root growth crop establishment and economics of rice. In Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences vol. 74 pp. 300 – 304.

  • SPECKMAN D.H. – STEIN E.H. – MOORE S. 1958. Automatic recording apparatus for use in the chromatography of amino acids. In Analytical Chemistry vol. 30 pp. 1191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60139a006

  • TOLEDO A. – BURLINGAME B. 2006. Biodiversity and nutrition: A common path toward global food security and sustainable development. In Journal of Food Composition and Analysis vol. 19 pp. 477 – 483. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2006.05.001

  • THOMAS R. – RAJEEV B. – KUANG Y.T. 2015. Composition of amino acids fatty acids minerals and dietary fiber in some of the local and import rice varieties of Malaysia. In International Food Research Journal vol. 22 no. 3 pp. 1148 – 1155.

  • TOMAR R. – SINGH N.B. – SINGH V. – KUMAR D. 2018. Effect of planting methods and integrated nutrient management on growth parameters yield and economics of rice. In Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry vol. 7 no. 2 pp. 520 – 527.

  • WEBB B.D. 1985. Criteria of rice quality in the U.S. In JULIANO B. (Ed.) Rice: Chemistry and technology. St. Paul Minnesota: Association of Cereal Chemistry Inc. pp. 774.

  • WU M.G. – ZHANG G.H. – LIN J.R. – CHENG S.H. 2005. Screening for rice germplasms with specially-elongated mesocotyl. In Rice Science vol. 12 pp. 226 – 228. DOI: http://www.ricescience.org

  • YU T. – JIANG W. – HAM T. – CHU S. – LESTARI F. – LEE J. 2008. Comparison of grain quality traits between japonica rice cultivars from Korea and Yunnan Province of China. In Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology vol. 11 pp.135 – 140.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.81

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.248
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.535

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 61 61 23
PDF Downloads 74 74 35