Impact of Vermicompost as Component of Growing Medium on Phytomass Formation of Radish (Raphanus Sativus L.)

Open access

Abstract

In Slovakia more than a half of the landfill‘s waste consist of the biodegradable waste (BDW). Therefore the BDW composting can decrease significantly the production of the landfill gas as well as the financial and space requirements for landfills. However, the composts production have to be solved comprehensively, including their rational usage. In Slovakia the use of composts is ineffective if the location of their production is farther than 50 km, because of the high tranportation costs. The objective of the experiments was to determine the ratio of vermicompost in the soil growing medium in order not to decrease the yield quantity and quality of radish - the most commonly grown vegetable in the gardens in Slovakia. Five shares of vermicompost were tested in the soil substrate (0%, 10%, 20%, 25% and 50%). The results show that 50% share of vermicompost in the soil substrate, i.e. the ratio of vermicompost to soil 1:1, was not the optimal solution of the vermicompost usage. However, even this quantity of vermicompost did not have a negative impact on the weight of the aboveground and underground phytomass in comparison with the treatment without vermicompost. 50% share of vermicompost in the growing medium had the negative impact on the qualitative parameters of radish. It decreased the content of vitamin C and increased the content of nitrates in radish roots and leaves. Along with the higher share of vermicompost in the growing medium, the content of vitamin C was decreased in radish roots and leaves, and the content of nitrates in radish roots was increased. The roots of the biggest diameter, and consequently the highest yield of radish roots and leaves was formed in the treatment where the soil substrate consisted of four portions of soil and one p ortion of vermicompost (20% proportion of vermicompost).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • AMOSSÉ J. - BETTAREL Y. - BOUVIER C. - BOUVIER T. - DUC T.T. - THU T.D. - JOUQUET P. 2013. The flows of nitrogen bacteria and viruses from the soil to water compartments are influenced by earthworm activity and organic fertilization (compost vs. vermicompost). In Soil Biology & Biochemistry vol. 66 pp. 197-203.

  • BHATNAGAR M.K. - AZHAR M. 2016. A study of chemical composition of some leafy vegetables of fatehpur district. In International Journal of Science and Research vol. 5 no. 4 pp. 408-410.

  • BREMNER J.M. 1960. Determination of nitrogen in soil by the Kjeldahl method. In Journal of Agricultural Science vol. 55 pp. 1-23.

  • CITAK S. - SONMEZ S. 2010. Effects of conventional and organic fertilization on spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.) growth yield vitamin C and nitrate concentration during two successive seasons. In Scientia Horticulturae vol. 126 pp. 415-420.

  • ČEKEY N. - ŠLOSÁR M. - UHER A. - BALOGH Z. - VALŠÍKOVÁ M. - LOŠÁK T. 2011. The effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on the yield and content of sulforaphane and nitrates in cauliflower. In Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis vol. 59 no. 5 pp. 17-22.

  • GHOLAMI H. - SAHARKHIZ M.J. - FARD F.R. - GHANI A. - NADAF F. 2018. Humic acid and vermicompost increased bioactive components antioxidant activity and herb yield of Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.). In Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology vol. 14 pp. 286-292.

  • GOSWAMI L. - NATH A. - SUTRADHAR S. - BHATTACHARYA S.S. - KALAMDHAD A. - VELLINGIRI K. - KIM K-H. 2017. Application of drum compost and vermicompost to improve soil health growth and yield parameters for tomato and cabbage plants. In Journal of Environmental Management vol. 200 pp. 243-252.

  • GILL R.S. - LAVENDER D.P. 1983. Urea fertilization and foliar nutrient composition of western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarc.). In Forest Ecology and Management vol. 6 no. 4 pp. 333-341.

  • GUTIÉRREZ-MICELI F.A. - SANTIAGO-BORRAZ J. - MONTES MOLINA J.A. - NAFATE C.C. - ABUD-ARCHILA M. - OLIVA LLAVEN M.A. - RINCON-ROSALES R. - DENDOOVEN L. 2007. Vermicompost as a soil supplement to improve growth yield and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). In Bioresource Technology vol. 98 pp. 2781-2786.

  • GRUVER J. - WEIL R.R. - WHITE CH. - LAWLEY Y. 2016. Radishes - A new cover crop for organic farming systems. In Extension (eOrganic) 4182:13. https://articles.extension.org/pages/64400/radishes-a-new-cover-crop-fororganic-farming-systems

  • KARMAKAR K. - MUSLIM T. - RAHMAN MD. A. 2013. Chemical composition of some leafy vegetables of Bangladesh. In Dhaka University Journal of Science vol. 61 no. 2 pp. 199-201.

  • KOVÁČIK P. 1998. Vplyv odplynenej vody a sacharózy na parametre úrody reďkovky [Effect of gasless water and saccharose on yield parameters of radish bulbs]. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo) vol. 44 no. 4 pp. 275-286.

  • KOVÁČIK P. 1999a. Účinok dusíkatej výživy a listovej aplikácie sacharózy na kvantitatívne a kvalitatívne parametre úrody reďkovky [Effect of nitrogenous nutrition and foliar application of sachcarose on quantitative and qualitative parameters of radish yield]. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo) vol. 45 no. 11‒12 pp. 727-737.

  • KOVÁČIK P. 1999b. Effect of nitrogenous nutrition and sucrose foliar application on yield parameters of radish. In Zahradnictví- Horticultural Science vol. 26 no. 3 pp. 97-102.

  • KOVÁČIK P. - JANČOVIČ J. 2001. Deficienty symptom sof nitrogen phosphorus potassium and sulphur in radish plants. In Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica vol. 3 no. 2 pp. 38-42.

  • KOVÁČIK P. - ŽOFAJOVÁ A. - ŠIMANSKÝ V. - HALÁSZOVÁ K. 2016. Spring barley yield parameters after lignite sodium humate and nitrogen utilization. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo) vol. 62 no. 3 p. 80-89. DOI: 10.1515/agri-2016-0009

  • LAZCANO C. - DOMÍNGUEZ J. 2011. The use of vemicompost in sustainable agriculture: Impact on plant growth and soil fertility. In Soil Nutrients Chapter 10. Nova Science Publishers Inc. 23. pp. ISBN 978-1-61324-785-3

  • LIAO Y. - RONG X. - ZHENG S. - LIU O. - FAN M. - PENG J. - XIE G. 2009. Influences of nitrogen fertilizer application rates on radish yield nutrition quality and nitrogen recovery efficiency. In Frontiers of Agriculture in China vol. 3 no. 2 pp. 122-129. DOI: 10.1007/s11703- 009-0041-y

  • LOŠÁK T. ‒ HLUŠEK J. ‒ VÁLKA T. ‒ ELBL J. ‒ VÍTĚZ T. ‒ BĚLÍKOVÁ H. ‒ Von BENNEWITZ Á. ‒ EDUARDO A. 2016. The effect of fertilisation with digestate on kohlrabi yields and quality. In Plant soil and environment vol. 62 no. 6 pp. 274‒278.

  • LU H.J. - YE Z.Q. - ZHANG X.L. - LIN X.Y. - NI W.Z. 2011. Growth and yield responses of crops and macronutrient balance influenced by commercial organic manure used as a partial substitute for chemical fertilizers in an intensive vegetable cropping system. In Physics and Chemistry of the Earth vol. 36 pp. 387-394.

  • MEHLICH A. 1984. Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: A modification of Mehlich 2 extractant. In Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis vol. 15 pp. 1409-1416.

  • MOSTAFAVI-POUR Z. - KESHAVARZI F. - SAMADI N. 2017. The role of quercetin and vitamin C in Nrf2-dependent oxidative stress production in breast cancer cells. In Oncology Letters vol. 13 no. 3 pp. 1965-1973. DOI: 10.3892/ol.2017.5619

  • PATHMA J. - SAKTHIVEL N. 2012. Microbial diversity of vermicompost bacteria that exhibit useful agricultural traits and waste management potential. In SpringerPlus vol. 1 pp. 26-44.

  • SAHA B. - DEVI C. - KHWAIRAKPAM M. - KALAMDHAD A.S. 2018. Vermicomposting and anaerobic digestion - viable alternative options for terrestrial weed management - A review. In Biotechnology Reports vol. 17 pp. 70-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.btre.2017.11.005

  • SCAIFE A. - TURNER M. 1983. Diagnosis of mineral disorders in plants. Volume 2. Vegetables. London : Her Majesty ´s Stationery Office 95 p. ISBN 0 11 240804 4

  • SINHA R.K. - HAHN G. - SINGH P.K. - SUHANE R.K. - ANTHONYREDDY A. 2011. Organic farming by vermiculture: Producing safe nutritive and protective foods by earthworms (Charles Darwin’s Friends of Farmers). In American Journal of Experimental Agriculture vol. 1 no. 4 pp. 363-399.

  • SINGH R. - SHARMA R.R. - KUMAR S. - GUPTA R.K. - PATIL R.T. 2008. Vermicompost substitution influences growth physiological disorders fruit yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). In Bioresource Technology vol. 99 no. 17 pp. 8507-8511.

  • SOOBHANY N. ‒ MOHEE R. - GARG V.K 2015. Comparative assessment of heavy metals content during the composting and vermicomposting of Municipal Solid Waste employing Eudrilus eugeniae. In Waste Management vol. 39 pp. 130-145.

  • TYURIN I.V. 1966. K metodike analiza deja sravníteľnogo izučenja sostava počvennogo peregnoja ili gumusa [For a methodology to analyze the study of the humus composition in the soil]. In Voprosy genezisa i plodorodija počv = Issues of origin and soil fertility. Moskva : Nauka.

  • UHER A. - ŠLOSÁR M. - LOŠÁK T. - HLUŠEK J. 2014. The effect of differentiated nutrition on the content of antioxidants in broccoli. In Acta Universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis vol. 62 no. 3 pp. 561‒564.

  • VAN GROENIGEN J.W. - LUBBERS I.M. - VOS H.M.J. - BROWN G.G. - DE DEYN G.B. - VAN GROENIGEN K.J. 2014. Earthworms increase plant production: a meta analysis. In Scientific Reports vol. 4 article no. 6365. DOI: 10.1038/srep06365

  • VOS H.M.J. - ROS M.B.H. - KOOPMANS G.F. - Van GROENIGEN J.W. 2014. Do earthworms affect phosphorus availability to grass? A pot experiment. In Soil Biology and Biochemistry vol. 79 pp. 34-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.08.018

  • ZIELIŃSKI H. - PISKUŁA M.K. - MICHALSKA A. - KOZŁOWSKA H. 2007. Antioxidant capacity and its components of cruciferous sprouts. In Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences vol. 57 no. 3 pp. 315-322.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.81

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.248
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.535

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 561 412 26
PDF Downloads 392 250 5