Agronomic and Economic Performance of Genetically Modified and Conventional Maize

Open access


The parameters determining the agronomic and economic performance of genetically modified maize hybrid MON 89034 × NK603 and conventional hybrids were compared under conditions that eliminated the herbicide tolerance in GM hybrid as well as the use of insecticides in conventional hybrids. The GM hybrid confirmed ability to protect itself against the European corn borer and its average grain yield was higher by 6.36-14.42% (i.e. 0.82-1.86 t/ha) in comparison with conventional hybrids. The year of cultivation statistically significant influenced agronomic parameters and the financial income of maize production. The maize genotype did not statistically significantly affected any evaluated parameter. The final income was statistically significant (P < 0.05) negatively influenced by all observed agronomic parameters with the exception of the seed price. The price of maize grains on the market was the only one factor that statistically significant (P < 0.05) influenced financial income of the maize production.

BEREŚ, P.K. 2010. Harmfulness of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. on some non-Bt versus genetically modified Bt maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars in Poland in 2006-2007. In Journal of Plant Protection Research, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 110-116. DOI: 10.2478/v10045-010-0019-z

DÍAZ, O.H. - ALDABA MEZA, J.L. - BALTAZAR, B.M. - BOJÓRQUEZ, G.B. - CASTRO ESPINOZA, L. - CORRALES MADRID, J.L. - DE LA FUENTE MARTÍNEZ, J.M. - DURÁN POMPA, H.A. - ALONSO ESCOBEDO, J. - ESPINOZA BANDA, A. - GARZÓN TIZNADO, J.A. - GONZÁLEZ GARCÍA, J. - GUZMÁN RODRÍGUEZ, J.L. - MADUEÑO MARTÍNEZ, J.I. - MARTÍNEZ CARRILLO, J.L. - MENG, C. - QUIÑONES PANDO, F.J. - ROSALES ROBLES, E. - RUIZ HERNÁNDEZ, I. - TREVIÑO RAMÍREZ, J.E. - URIBE MONTES, H.U. - ZAVALA GARCÍA, F. 2017. Plant characterization of genetically modified maize hybrids MON-89Ø34-3 × MON-88Ø17-3, MON-89Ø34-3 × MONØØ6Ø3-6, and MON-ØØ6Ø3-6: alternatives for maize production in Mexico. In Transgenic Research, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 135-151. DOI: 10.1007/s11248-016-9991-z

GÓMEZ-BARBERO, M. - BERBEL, J. - RODRÍGUEZCEREZO, E. 2008. Bt corn in Spain - the performance of the EU’s first GM crop. In Nature Biotechnology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 384-386. DOI: 10.1038/nbt0408-384

GOUSE, M. - PRAY, C.E. - KIRSTEN, J. - SCHIMMELPFENNIG, D. 2005. A GM subsistence crop in Africa: the case of Bt white maize in South Africa. In International Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7, no. 1-3, pp. 84-94. DOI: 10.1504/IJBT.2005.006447

GRAEBER, J.V. - NAFZIGER, E.D. - MIES, D.W. 1999. Evaluation of transgenic Bt-containing corn hybrids. In Journal of Production Agriculture, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 659-663. DOI: 10.2134/jpa1999.0659

HUTCHISON, W.D. - BURKNESS, E.C. - MITCHELL, P.D. - MOON, R.D. - LESLIE, T.W. - FLEISCHER, S.J. - ABRAHAMSON, M. - HAMILTON, K.L. - STEFFEY, K.L. - GRAY, M.E. - HELLMICH, R.L. - KASTER, L.V. - HUNT, T.E. - WRIGHT, R.J. - PECINOVSKY, K. - RABAEY, T.L. - FLOOD, R.R. - RAUN, E.S. 2010. Areawide suppression of European corn borer with Bt maize reaps savings to non-Bt maize growers. In Science, vol. 330, no. 6001, pp. 222-225. DOI: 10.1126/science.1190242

JONES, P.J. - MCFARLANE, L.D. - PARK, J.R. - TRANTER, R.B. 2017. Assessing the potential economic benefits to farmers from various GM crops becoming available in the European Union by 2025: Results from an expert survey. In Agricultural Systems, vol. 155, pp. 158-167. DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2017.05.005

KOCOUREK, F. - STARÁ, J. 2012. Efficacy of Bt maize against European corn borer in Cetral Europe. In Plant Protection Science, vol. 48, pp. S25-S35.

LAUER, J. - WEDBERG, J. 1999. Grain yield of initial Bt corn hybrid introductions to farmers in the Northern corn belt. In Journal of Production Agriculture, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 373-376. DOI: 10.2134/jpa1999.0373

MA, B.J. - SUBEDI, K.D. 2005. Development, yield, grain moisture and nitrogen uptake of Bt corn hybrids and their conventional near-isolines. In Field Crops Research, vol. 93, no. 2-3, pp. 199-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2004.09.021

MARRA, M. - PANNELL, D.J. - ABADI GHADIM, A. 2003. The economics of risk, uncertainty and learning in the adoption of new agricultural technologies: Where are we on the learning curve? In Agricultural Systems, vol. 75, no. 2-3, pp. 215-234. DOI: 10.1016/S0308-521X(02)00066-5

MIHALČÍK, P. - HRČKOVÁ, K. - SINGER, M. - PLAČKOVÁ, A. - KRAIC, J. 2012. Effect of MON 810 cultivation and prevention to adventitious presence in non- GM fields: A case study in Slovakia. In Plant Protection Science, vol. 48, pp. S11-S17.

MUNGAI, N.W. - MOTAVALLI, P.P. - NELSON, K.A. - KREMER, R.J. 2005. Differences in yields, residue composition and N mineralization dynamics of Bt and non- Bt maize. In Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 101-109. DOI: 10.1007/s10705-005-8850-8

OSTRY, V. - OVESNA, J. - SKARKOVA, J. - POUCHOVA, V. - RUPRICH, J. 2010. A review on comparative data concerning Fusarium mycotoxins in Bt maize and non-Bt isogenic maize. In Mycotoxin Research, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 141-145. DOI: 10.1007/s12550-010-0056-5

PAPST, C. - UTZ, H.F. - MELCHINGER, A.E. - EDER, J. - MAGG, T. - KLEIN, D. - BOHN, M. 2004. Mycotoxins produced by Fusarium spp. in isogenic Bt vs. non-Bt maize hybrids under European corn borer pressure. In Agronomy Journal, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 219-224. DOI:10.2134/agronj2005.0219

RAVISANKAR, D. - MUTHUKRISHNAN, P. - CHINNUSAMY, C. 2011. Evaluation of bio-efficacy, weed control and crop productivity in herbicide resistant transgenic corn hybrids (MON 89034 × NK603). In Biotechnology Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, vol. 1, pp. 369-374.

RICE, M.E. - PILCHER, C.D. 1998. Potential benefits and limitations of transgenic Bt corn for management of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). In Americal Entomologist, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 75-78. DOI: 10.1093/ae/44.2.75

TERORE, S.B. - CARLSON, R.E. - PILCHER, C.D. - RICE, M.E. 2000. Bt and non-Bt maize growth and development as affected by temperature and drought stress. In Agronomy Journal, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1027-1035. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2000.9251027x

XU, Z. - HENNESSY, D.A. - SARDANA, K. - MOSCHINI, G.C. 2013. The realized yield effect of genetically engineered crops: U.S. maize and soybean. In Crop Science, vol. 53, pp. 735-745. DOI: 10.2135/cropsci2012.06.0399

YANNI, S.F. - WHALEN, J.K. - MA, B.-L. 2011. Field-grown Bt and non-Bt corn: Yield, chemical composition, and decomposability. In Agronomy Journal, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 486-493. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2010.0367

Agriculture (Pol'nohospodárstvo)

The Journal of National Agricultural and Food Centre

Journal Information

CiteScore 2018: 0.81

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.248
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.535


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 354 288 24
PDF Downloads 210 200 12