Profitable prospective of rocket plant is progressively growing recently. Hence an experiment was conducted in open field to evaluate the effect of chicken manure, nano iron (Fe), nano zinc (Zn) and combination of them on morphological, fresh weight and seed yield, photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, water use efficiency and chemicals constituents represented in macro and micro elements, plant pigments, total phenolics, total carbohydrate, alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, crude protein, total fatty acids, indole acetic acid (IAA) and abscisic acid (ABA) hormones, oil seed yield and methylthiobutyl- isothiocyanate as main sulphur content in essential oil of Eruca sativa Mill. compared to chemical fertilisers (NPK) as control. Results revealed that, nano Fe and Zn treatments either alone or in combination with manure had the upper hand, where significantly increased almost all parameters under study in comparison with control. The outcomes of present research gave emphasis to global warning about pollution of chemical fertilisers and safety production.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
ALLOWAY B.J. 2008. Micronutrients and crop production: An introduction. In ALLOWAY B.J. (Ed.) Micronutrient deficiencies in global crop production. Netherlands : Springer pp. 1-39.
AMIRNIA R. - BAYAT M. - TAJBAKHSH M. 2014. Effects of nano fertiliser application and maternal corm weight on flowering at some saffron (Crocus sativus L.) ecotypes. In Turkish Journal of Field Crops vol. 19 no. 2 pp.158-168.
BADAWI M.A. - ABOU EL-MAGD M.M. - HASSAN H.A. - EL-SHAKRY M.F.Z. 2005. Effect of biofertilization nitrogen sources nitrogen levels and their interaction on the vegetative growth chemical content and oil yield of sweet fennel. In Egyptian Journal of Applied Sciences vol. 20 no. 28 pp. 567-591.
BALA N. ‒ DEY A. ‒ DAS S. ‒ BASU R. ‒ NANDY P. 2014. Effect of hydroxyapatite nanorod on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) plant growth and its possible use as nano-fertilizer.In Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology vol. 4 no. 3 pp. 1061-1069.
BEHESHTI A.R. ‒ FARD B.B. 2010. Dry matter accumulation and remobilization in grain sorghum genotypes (Sorghum bicolorL. Moench) under drought stress. In Australian Journal of Crop Science vol. 4 no. 3 pp.185-189.
CHAHARDEHI A.M. ‒ IBRAHIM D.S. - SULAIMAN F. 2009. Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of some medicinal plants in Urticaceae family. In Journal of Applied Biological Sciences vol. 3 no. 2 pp. 27-31.
DANESHVAR N. - ABER S. - SAYED D. - KHATAEE M.S. - RASOULIFARD A.R. 2007. Preparation and investigation of photocatalytic properties of ZnO nanocrystals: effect of operational parameters and kinetic study. In International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering vol. 1 no.1 pp. 24-29.
DENG X.P. - SHAN L. - ZHANG H. - TURNER N.C. 2004. New directions for a diverse planet. In Proceeding of the 4th International Crop Science Congress Sep. 26-1st Oct. Brisbane Australia p. 26.
DUMAS Y. - DADOMO M. - DI LUCCA G. - GROLIER P. 2003. Effects of environmental factors and agricultural techniques on antioxidant content of tomatoes. In Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture vol. 83 no. 5 pp. 369-382.
DUNCAN B.D. 1955. Multiple Range and Multiple F-Tests. In Biometrics vol. 11 pp. 1-42.
EICHERT T. - KURTZ A. - STEINER U. - GOLDBACH H.E. 2008. Size exclusion limits and lateral heterogeneity of the stomatal foliar uptake pathway for aqueous solutes and water-suspended nanoparticles. In Physiologia Plantarum vol. 134 no.1 pp. 151-160.
EL-GHAMRY A.M. - EL-HAMID A.A. - MOSA A.A. 2009. Effect of farmyard manure and foliar application of micronutrients on yield characteristics of wheat grown on salt affected soil. In American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences vol. 5 no. 4 pp. 460-465.
EVANS R.G. - SADLER E.J. 2008. Methods and technologies to improve efficiency of water use. In Water Resources Research vol. 44 pp. 1-15.
FAO. 2000. Fertilizers and their use. 4th edition: handbook was prepared originally for use by extension officers working for the FAO Fertilizer Programme. Rome : FAO p. 34
FAGERIA N.K. - BALIGAR V.C. - CLARK R.B. 2002. Micronutrients in crop production. In Advances in Agronomy vol. 77 pp. 185-268.
FAGERIA N.K. 2012. Role of soil organic matter in maintaining sustainability of cropping systems. In Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis vol. 43 no.16. pp. 2063-2113.
FAIZAN M. - FARAZ A. - YUSUF M. - KHAN S.T. - HAYAT S. 2017. Zinc oxide nanoparticle-mediated changes in photosynthetic efficiency and antioxidant system of tomato plants. In Photosynthetica vol. 55 pp. 1-9.
FALES H.M. ‒ JAOUNI T.M. 1973. Simple device for preparing ethereal diazomrthane without restoring to Codisitillation. In Analytical Chemistry vol. 45 pp. 2302-2303.
GAO F. - HONG F. - LIU C. - ZHENG L. - SU M. - WU X. - YANG F. - WU C. - YANG P. 2006. Mechanism of nano-anatase TiO2 on Promoting Photosynthetic Carbon Reaction of Spinach. In Biological Trace Element Research vol. 111 no.1 pp. 239-244.
HELRICH K. 1990. Official methods of analysis. 15th edition Two volumes. Arlington USA : Aoac Intl. p. 673.
JACKSON M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. New Delhi : Printice-Hall of India. Privat Limited New Delhi Text book pp. 144-197 381.
JANMOHAMMADI M. - AMANZADEH T. - SABAGHNIA N. - ION V. 2016. Effect of nano-silicon foliar application on sunflower growth under organic and inorganic fertilizer regimes. In Botanica Lithuanica vol. 22 no.1 pp. 53-64.
KARASAHIN M. 2015. The effects of poultry manure and inorganic fertilizer applications on nitrogen and irrigation water use efficiency in forage corn cultivars. In Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University vol. 32 no.1 pp.104-111.
KHOOBCHANDANI M. - OJESWIB.K. - GANESH N. - SRIVASTAVA M.M. - GABBANINI S. - MATERAR. - IORI R. - VALGIMIGLI L. 2010. Antimicrobial properties and analytical profile of traditional Eruca sativa seed oil: Comparison with various aerial and root plant extracts. In Food Chemistry vol. 120 no.1 pp. 217-224.
KIM S.J. - KAWAHARADA C. - ISHII G. 2006. Effect of ammonium nitrate nutrient ratio on nitrate and glucosinolate contents of hydroponically-grown salad rocket (Eruca sativa Mill.). In Soil Science Plant Nutrition vol. 52 no. 3 pp. 387-393.
KINSELLA J.E. - SHIMP J.L. - MAI J. - WEIHRAUCH J. 1977. Fatty acid content and composition of freshwater finfish. In Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society vol. 54 no. 10 pp. 424-429.
LECLERC J. - MILLER M.L. - JOLIET E. - ROCQUELIN G. 1991. Vitamin and mineral contents of carrot and celeriac grown under mineral or organic fertilization. In Biological Agriculture & Horticulture vol. 7 no. 4 pp. 339-348.
LIU X. - FENG Z. - ZHANG S. - ZHANG J. - XIAO Q. - WANG Y. 2006. Preparation and testing of cementingnano- subnano composites of slow or controlled release of fertilizers. In Agricultural Sciences in China vol. 9 no. 5 pp. 700-709.
MA D. - SUN D. - WANG C. - DING H. - QIN H. - HOU J. - HUANG X. - XIE Y. - GUOT. 2017. Physiological responses and yield of wheat plants in zinc-mediated alleviation of drought stress. In Frontiers in Plant Science vol. 8 pp. 860-887.
MAHMOUD A.W.M. 2012. Physiological effects of zeolite and organic fertilizers on yarrow plant grown under clean agriculture conditions. In PhD. Thesis Plant Physiology Department Fac. Agric. Cairo Univ. Egypt 297 p.
MAHMOUD A.W.M. - EL-ATTAR A.B. - MAHMOUD A.A. 2017. Economic evaluation of nano and organic fertilisers as an alternative source to chemical fertilisers on Carum carvi L. plant yield and components. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo) vol. 63 no.1 pp. 33−49. DOI: 10.1515/agri-2017-0004
MAREK K.M. - SKORUPSKA A. 2001. Production of B-group vitamins by plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas fluoresces strain 267 and the importance vitamins in the colonization and nodulation of red clover. In Biology and Fertility of Soils vol. 33 no. 2 pp. 146-151.
MARSCHNER P. - RENGEL Z. 2012. Nutrient availability in soils. In Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants (Third Edition) pp. 315-330.
MARTINEZ-BALLESTRA M.C. - LOPEZ-PEREZ L. - HERNANDEZ M. - LOPEZ-BERENGUER C. - FERNANDEZ- GARCIA N. - CARVAJAL M. 2008. Agricultural practices for enhanced human health. In Phytochemistry Reviews vol. 7 no. 2 pp. 251-260.
MAZAHERINIA S. - ASTARAEI A.R. - FOTOVAT A. - MONSHI A. 2010. Nano iron oxide particles efficiency on Fe Mn Zn and Cu concentrations in wheat plant. In Word Applied Sciences Journal vol. 7 no. 1 pp. 36-40.
MEHNAZ S. - MIRZA M.S. - HAURAT J. - BALLY R. -NORMAND P. - BANO A. - MALIK K.A. 2001. Isolation and 16S rRNA sequence analysis of the beneficial bacteria from the rhizosphere of rice. In Canadian journal of microbiology vol. 47 no. 2 pp.110-117.
MEDA A. ‒ LAMIEN C.E. ‒ ROMITO M. 2005. Determination of the total phenolic flavonoids and proline contents in Burkina Fasan honey as well as their radical scavenging activity. In Food Chemistry vol. 91 p. 571-577.
MOSANNA R. - BEHROZYAR E.K. 2015. Morpho- physiological response of maize (Zea mays L.) to zinc nano-chelate foliar and soil application at different growth stages. In Journal on New Biological Reports vol. 4 no.1 pp. 46-50.
MORAN R. 1982. Formula for determination of chlorophyll pigments extracted with N.N. dimethyl formamide. In Plant Physiology vol. 69 pp. 1371-1381.
NADERI M.R. - DANESH-SHAHRAKI A. 2013. Nanofertilizers and their roles in sustainable agriculture. In International Journal of Agriculture Crop Science vol. 5 no. 19 pp. 2229-32.
NASRI M. - KHALATBARI M. - PAKNEJAD F. 2010. Effect of potassium iron and zinc elements in the low-water conditions on quality characteristics of corn seed. In 11 Congress of Iranian Agronomy and Plant Breeding pp. 94.
PANDEY S.K. - SINGH H. 2011. A simple cost-effective method for leaf area estimation. In Journal of Botany vol. 2011 no. 3 pp. 1-6.
PECK G.M. - ANDREWS P.K. - REGANOLD J.P. - FELLMAN J.K. 2006. Apple orchard productivity and fruit quality under organic conventional and integrated management. In Horticultural Science vol. 41 no. 1 pp. 99-107.
PORTO R.A. - BONFIM-SILVA E.M. - SOUZA D.S.M. - CORDOVA N.R.M. - POLIZEL A.C. - SILVA T.J.A. 2013. Potassium fertilization in arugula plants: production and efficiency in water use. In Artigo Científico vol. 7 no. 1 pp. 28-35.
QU S. - YANG H. - REN D. - KAN S. - ZOU G. - LI D. - LI M.J. 1999. Magnetite nanoparticles prepared by precipitation from partially reduced ferric chloride aqueous solutions. In Journal of colloid and interface science vol. 215 no. 1 pp. 190-192.
RAI M. - RIBEIRO C. - MATTOSOM L. - DURAN N. 2015. Nanotechnologies in food and agriculture. Switzerland : Springer International Publisher p. 347. ISBN 978- 3-319-14024-7
RALIYA R. - TARAFDAR J.C. 2013. ZnO nanoparticle biosynthesis and its effect on phosphorous-mobilizing enzyme secretion and gum contents in cluster bean (Cyamopsistetragonoloba L). In Agricultural Research vol. 2 no. 1 pp. 48-57.
RALIYA R. - TARAFDAR J.C. - BISWAS P. 2016. Enhancing the mobilization of native phosphorus in mung bean rhizosphere using ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by fungi. In Journal of agricultural and food chemistry vol. 64 no. 16 pp. 3111-3118.
RAMESHAIAH G.N. - JPALLAVI S. 2015. Nano fertilizers and nano sensors-an attempt for developing smart agriculture. In International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science vol. 3 no. 1 pp. 314-20.
RICHARDS L.S. 1954. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkaline soils. U.S. Dept. Agric. Handbook No. 60.
RUDRAPPA L. - PURAKAYASTHA T.J. - SINGH D. - BHADRARAY S. 2006. Long-term manuring and fertilization effects on soil organic carbon pools in a Typic Haplustept of semi-arid sub-tropical India. In Soil Tillage Reserche vol. 88 no. 1 pp. 180-192.
SABAGHNIA N. - JANMOHAMMADI M. 2017. Analysis the impact of nano -zinc nano -iron and nano -manganese fertilizers. In Pobrane z czasopisma Annales C - Biologia /18:08:13 avaiable at http://biologia.annales.umcs.pl
SARWAR G. - HUSSAIN N. - SCHMEISKY H. - MUHAMMAD S. - IBRAHIM M. - SAFDAR E. 2008. Improvement of soil physical and chemical properties with compost application in rice-wheat cropping system. In Pakistan Journal of Botany vol. 40 no. 1 pp. 275-282.
SINGLETON V.L. ‒ ROSSI J.A. 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdicphosphotungstic acid reagents. In American Journal of Enology and Viticulture vol. 16 pp. 144-158
SOLIMAN A.SH. ‒ MAHMOUD A.W.M. 2013. Response of Adansonia digitata to compost and zeolite in replacementof chemical fertilization. In American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences vol. 13 no. 2 pp. 198-206.
SOUSA C. - PEREIRA D.M. - PEREIRA J.A. - BENTO A. - RODRIGUES M.A. - GARCÍA D.S. - VALENTÃO LOPES P. - FERRERES G. - SEABRA F. - ANDRADE P.B. 2008. Multivariate analysis of tronchuda cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. costata DC) phenolics: influence of fertilizers. In Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol. 56 no. 6 pp. 2231-2239.
SUBHAN A. - KHAN Q.U. - MANSOOR M. - KHAN M.J. 2017. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on the water use efficiency and yield attributes of wheat under heavy textured soil. In Sarhad Journal of Agriculture vol. 33 no. 4 pp. 582-590.
SUBBAIAH L.V. - PRASAD T.N.V.K.V. - KRISHNA T.G. - SUDHAKAR P. - REDDY B.R. - PRADEEP T. 2016. Novel effects of nanoparticulate delivery of zinc on growth productivity and zinc biofortification in maize (Zea mays L.). In Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry vol. 64 no. 19 pp. 3778-3788.
TARAFDAR J. - RALIYA R. - MAHAWAR H. - RATHORE I. 2014. Development of zinc nanofertilizer to enhance crop production in pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum). In Agricultural Research vol. 3 no. 3 pp. 257-262.
TSAND M.M.C. - FRUTANI S.C. 1989. Rapid moisture content determination of macadamia nuts by microwave drying. In Horticulture Science vol. 24 no. 4 pp. 694-696.
TISDALE S.L. - NELSON W.L. 1975. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 3rd Edition. New York USA : Macmillan Publishing 694 pp.
TRINCHERA A. - REA E. - RIVERA C.M. - RINALDI S. - SEQUI P. 2008. Use of bio-stimulants to overcome nutrient deficiency. Plant nutrient management under stress conditions. 17th International symposium of CITC pp. 567-573.
TRIPATHI M.K. - CHATURVEDI S. - SHUKLA D.K. - SAINI S.K. 2011. Influence of integrated nutrient management on growth yield and quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in Tarai region of northern India. In Journal of Crop and Weed vol. 7 no. 2 pp. 104-7.
VITOSH M.L. - WARNCKE D.D. - LUCAS R.E. 1994. Zinc determine of crop and soil Michigan State University Extension. In Water Air Soil Pollution vol. 100 pp.133-149.
VOGEL A.I. 1975. A Text Book of Practical Organic Chemistry. Published by English Language Book society and Longman Group Limited 3rd Ed. pp. 197-596.
WHITE A.C. - ROGERS A. - REES M. - OSBORNE C.P. 2016. How can we make plants grow faster? A source-sink perspective on growth rate. In Journal of Experimental Botany vol. 67 no. 1 pp. 31-45.
YAMADA K. - XU H. 2001. Properties and applications of an organic fertilizer inoculated with effective microorganisms. In Journal of Crop Production vol. 3 no. 1 pp. 255-268.
YANIV Z. - SCHAFFERMAN D. - AMAR Z. 1998. Tradition uses and biodiversity of rocket (Eruca sativa Brassicaceae) in Israel. In Economic Botany vol. 52 no. 4 pp. 394-400.
ZAKERIN H.R. - SHIRANI A.H. - SEIFZADEH S. - VALADABADI S.A. - MOSTASHARI M.M. 2014. Evaluation the effect of Zn Fe foliar application and variety on quality and physiological characteristics of canola (Brassica napus L.) under different ranges water deficit stress. In Advances in Environmental Biology vol. 8 no. 1 pp. 255-260.