Vermicompost and Eisenia Foetida as Factors Influencing the Formation of Radish Phytomass

Open access


Many of the world’s findings indicate the positive effect of earthworms on soil parameters, and consequently, on the formation of phytomass of cultivated plants. In our experiment we studied: A) the influence of soil itself, soil mixed with vermicompost in a ratio of 9:1; B) the influence of earthworms number (genus Eisenia foetida, 10 and 20 individuals per pot) supplied to soil mixed with vermicompost in the ratio of 9:1 on the dynamics of changes in the weight of radish roots, the total chlorophyll content in leaves and the selected qualitative parameters of the roots. The results obtained showed that one tenth proportion of vermicompost from the total weight of soil substrate caused the statistically significant increase in the total chlorophyll content in leaves, the increase in yield of radish roots, the reduction of the vitamin C content and the increase of nitrate content in the roots. The impact of earthworms on the chlorophyll content in leaves and on the root weight was negative. The addition of 10 individuals of earthworms into 20 kg of substrate (soil + vermicompost) resulted in the increased content of vitamin C and the decreased content of nitrates in the radish roots. Twenty earthworms added to vermicompost, compared to vermicompost alone, did not affect the vitamin C content and reduced the nitrate content.

ADHIKARY, S. 2012.Vermicompost, the story of organic gold: A review. In Agricultural Sciences, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 905-917. DOI: 10.4236/as.2012.37110

ALBANELL, E. - PLAIXATS, J. - CABRERO, T. 1988. Chemical changes during vermicomposting (Eisenia fetida) of sheep manure mixed with cotton industrial wastes. In Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 6, pp. 266-269.

ALI, M. - GRIFFITHS, A.J. - WILLIAMS, K.P. - JONES, D.L. 2007. Evaluating the growth characteristics of lettuce in vermicompost and green waste compost. In European Journal of Soil Biology, vol. 43, pp. 316-319. DOI:10.1016/j.ejsobi.2007.08.045

AYUKE, F.O. - LAGERLÖF, J. - JORGE, G. - SÖDERLUND, S. - MUTURI, J.J. - SAROSH, B.R. - MEIJE, J. 2017. Effectsof biocontrol bacteria and earthworms on the severity of Alternaria brassicae disease and the growth of oilseed rape plants (Brassica napus). In Applied Soil Ecology, vol.117-118, pp. 63-69.

BOYER, S. - WRATTEN, S.D. 2010. The potential of earthworms to restore ecosystem services after opencast mining: A review. In Basic & Applied Ecology, vol. 11, pp. 196-203.

BOJOVIČ, B. - MARKOVIČ, A. 2009. Correlation between nitrogen and chlorophyll content in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In Kragujevac Journal of Science, vol. 31, pp.69-74.

BREMNER, J.M. 1960. Determination of nitrogen in soil by the Kjeldahl method. In Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 55, pp. 1-23.

CHAN, P.L.S. - GRIFFITHS, D.A. 1988. The vermicomposting of pre-treated pig manure. In Biological Wastes, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 57-69.

DATAR, M.T. - RAO, M.N. - REDDY, S. 1997. Vermicomposting: A technological option for solid waste management. In Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, vol. 24, pp. 89-93.

DOAN, T.T. - NGO, P.T. - RUMPEL, C. - NGUYEN, B.V. 2013. Interactions between compost, vermicompost and earthworms influence plant growth and yield: A one-year greenhouse experiment. In Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 160, pp. 148-154.

DOAN, T.T. - TUREAUX, H.T. - RUMPEL, C. - JANEAU, J.L. - JOUQUET, P. 2015. Impact of compost, vermicompost and biochar on soil fertility, maize yield and soil erosion in Northern Vietnam: A three year mesocosm experiment. In Science of The Total Environment, vol. 514, pp. 147-154. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.005

EISENHAUER, N. - SCHUY, M. - BUTENSCHOEN, O. - SCHEU, S. 2009. Direct and indirect effects of endogeic earthworms on plant seeds. In Pedobiologia, vol. 52, pp. 151-162.

EVANS, J.R. 1983. Nitrogen and photosynyhesis in the flag leaf of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In Plant Physiology, vol. 72, pp. 297-302.

FAZEKAŠOVÁ, D. - BOBUĽSKÁ, L. 2012. Pôdne organizmy ako indicator kvality a environmentálneho stresu v pôdnom ekosystéme [Soil organisms as an indicator of quality and environmental stress in the soil ecosystem]. In Životné prostredie, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 103-106.

FRIBERG, H. - LAGERLÖF, J. - RÄMERT, B. 2005. Influence of soil fauna on fungal plant pathogens in agricultural and horticultural systems. In Biocontrol Science and Technology, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 641-658. DOI:10.1080/09583150500086979

GARG, P. - GUPTA, A. - SATYA, S. 2006. Vermicomposting of different types of waste using Eisenia foetida: A comparative study. In Bioresource Technology, vol. 97, pp. 391-395.

GHOLIZADEH, A. - MOHAMMADMEHDI, S. - BORŮVKA, L. - WAYAYOK, A. - SOOM, M.A.M. 2017. Leaf chlorophyll and nitrogen dynamics and their relationship to lowland rice yield for site-specific paddy management. In Information Processing in Agriculture, vol. 4, pp. 259-268.

GHOSH, B.C. - BERA, N. - DAS, D. - SWAIN, D.K. 2013. Effect of varying soil and vermicompost mixtures on growingmedia and yield and quality of sweet corn. In International Conference on Food and Agricultural Sciences, vol. 55, pp. 38-42.

GROENIGEN, J.W. - LUBBERS, I.M. - VOS, H.M.J. - BROWN, G.G. - DE DEYN, G.B. - GROENIGEN, K.J. 2014. Earthworms increase plant production: a meta- analysis. In Scientific Reports, vol. 4, no. 6365, pp. 1-7. DOI:10.1038/srep06365

GUTIÉRREZ-MICELI, F.A. - SANTIAGO-BORRAZ, J. - MOLINA, J.A.M. - NAFATAE, C.C. - ABUD-ARCHILA, M. - LLAVEN, M.A.O. - ROSALES, R.R. - DENDOOVEN, L. 2007. Vermicompost as a soil supplement to improve growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). In Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, no. 15, pp. 2781-2786. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2006.02.032

JEYABAL, A. - KUPPUSWAMY, G. 2001. Recycling of organic wastes for the production of vermicompost and its response in rice-legume cropping system and soil fertility. In European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 15, pp. 153-170.

JOUQUET, P. - PLUMERE, T. - THU, T.D. - RUMPEL, C. - DUC, T.T. - ORANGE, D. 2010. The rehabilitation of tropical soils using compost and vermicompost is affected by the presence of endogeic earth worms. In Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 46, pp. 125-133.

KIM, Y-N. - ROBINSON, B. -BOYER, S. -ZHONG, H-T. - DICKINSON, N. 2015. Interactions of native and introduced earthworms with soils and plant rhizospheres in production landscapes of New Zealand. In Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 96, pp. 141-150.

KOVÁČIK, P. 1997. Rozbory pôd, rastlín, hnojív a výpočet dávok živín k poľným a záhradným plodinám [Analysis of soils, plants, fertilizers and calculating doses of nutrients to the field and garden crops]. Nitra : SPU v Nitre, pp. 99. ISBN 80-7137-355-9

KOVÁČIK, P. 2014. Princípy a spôsoby výživy rastlín [Principles and methodsof plant nutrition]. Nitra : SPU v Nitre, 278 pp. ISBN 978-80-552-1193-0

LICHTENTHALER, H.K. 1987. Chllorophylls and carotenoides: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. In Methods Enzymology, vol. 148, pp. 350-382.

LIU, Z.A. - YANG J.P. - YANG, Z.C. 2012. Using a chlorophyll meter to estimate tea leaf chlorophyll and nitrogen contents. In Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 339-348.

MEHLICH, A. 1984. Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: A modification of Mehlich 2 extractant. In Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, vol. 15, pp. 1409-1416.

NURHIDAYATI, N. - ALI, U. - MURWANI, I. 2016. Yield and quality of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.var. Capitata) under organic growing media using vermicompost and earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus inoculation. In Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, vol. 11, pp. 5-13.

SABERIOON, M.M. - AMIN, M.S.M. - GHOLIZADEH, A. - EZRIN, M.H. 2014. A review of optical methods for assessing nitrogen contents during rice growth. In Applied Engineering in Agriculture, vol. 30, pp. 657-69.

SINHA, R.K. - VALANI, D. 2011. Vermiculture revolution: The technological revival of Charles Darwin’s unheralded soldier’s of mankind. NOVA Science Publication, U.S.A. ISBN 978-1-61122-035-3

SINHA, R.K. - HAHN, G. - SINGH, P.K. - SUHANE, R.K. - ANTHONYREDDY, A. 2011. Organic farming by vermiculture: Producing safe, nutritive and protective foods by earthworms (Charles Darwin’s Friends of Farmers). In American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 363-399.

SLOVAK TECHNICAL STANDARDS 463120. Čerstvá zelenina. Koreňová zelenina [Fresh root vegetables. Celeriac, scorzonera, beetroot, carrots, horseradish, salsify, parsnips, parsley, radish, radishes, turnips].

SHANKAR, K.S. - SUMATHI, S. - SHANKAR, M. - USHARANI, K. 2009. Effect of organic farming on nutritional profile, quality characteristics and toxic parameters of spinach crop. In Indian Journal of Dryland Agricultural Research and Development, vol. 24, no. 2 pp. 66-73.

SMITH, R.G. - McSWINEY, C.P. - GRANDY, A.S. - SUWANWAREE, P. - SNIDER, R.M. - ROBERTSON, G.P. 2008. Diversity and abundance of earthworms across an agricultural land use intensity gradient. In Soil & Tillage Research, vol. 100, pp. 83-88.

TRIPATHI, G. - BHARDWAJ, P. 2004. Comparative studies on biomass production life cycles and composting efficiency of Eisenia foetida (Savigny) and Lampitomauritii (Kinberg). In Bioresource Technology, vol. 92, pp. 275-283.

TYURIN, I.V. 1966. K metodike analiza deja sravníteľnogo izučenja sostava počvennogo peregnoja ili gumusa. Voprosy genezisa i plodorodija počv. Moskva : Nauka, 186 p.

VICIAN, M. - KOVÁČIK, P. - LOŽEK, O. - TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. - ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2012. Dynamika zmien obsahov celkového chlorofylu po aplikácii hnojiva Mg-Titanit [Dynamics of changes in total chlorophyll content after Mg-Titanite fertilizer application]. Vedecké práce Katedry agrochémie a výživy rastlín a Katedry pedológie a geológie. Nitra : SPU v Nitre, pp. 176-183. ISBN: 978-80-552-0890-9

WANG, X. - CAI, X. - XU, C. - ZHAO, Q. - GE, Ch. - DAI, S. - WANG, Q. 2017. Diversity of nitrate, oxalate, vitamin C and carotenoid contents in different spinach accessions and their correlation with various morphological traits. In The journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology.

Agriculture (Pol'nohospodárstvo)

The Journal of National Agricultural and Food Centre

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.58

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.194
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.279


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 373 297 23
PDF Downloads 232 204 12