Heterosis and heterobeltiosis of yield associated traits in rapeseed cultivars under limited nitrogen application

Open access

Abstract

Half F2 diallel crosses of six spring cultivars of rapeseed (Brassicanapus L.) were used to estimate heterosis effects of yield components, seed yield, oil percentage, and oil yield under limited nitrogen condition. Significant mean squares of general and specific combining abilities (GCA and SCA) were detected for pods per main axis, pods per plant, length of pod, seeds per pods, 1000-seed weight, seed yield, and oil content and oil yield indicated respectively the importance of additive and non-additive genetic effects for these traits. High narrowsense heritability estimates for 1000-seed weight, oil percentage, and oil yield indicating the prime importance of additive genetic effects for these traits. Most of the cross combinations with significant positive heterobeltiosis for seed yield had also significant heterobeltiosis effects for pods per plant and pods on main axis; therefore these traits can be used as indirect selection criteria for improving seed yield. Significant positive correlation of mean performances with heterosis and heterobeltiosis effects for most of the traits except 1000-seed weight indicated that selection of the superior crosses based on heterosis and heterobeltiosis effects will be effective for their mean performances improving these traits except 1000- seed weight. Significant positive correlation was determined between pods per plant and seed yield, indicating that this trait can be used as good selection criterion for seed yield improvement. The crosses including RAS-3/99 × RW-008911 and RAS- 3/99 × RGS-003 with high significant positive heterobeltiosis effects of seed yield were superior combinations for seed yield increasing.

References
  • ALI, N. - JAVIDFAR, F. - ELMIRA, J.Y. - MIRZA, M.Y. 2003. Relationship among yield components and selection criteria for yield improvement in winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). In Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 35, 2003, no. 2, pp. 167-174.

  • AMIRI-OGHANA, H. - FOTOKIANB, M.H. - JAVIDFAR, F. - ALIZADEH, B. 2009. Genetic analysis of grain yield, days to flowering and maturity in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) using diallel crosses. In International Journal of Plant Production, vol. 3, 2009, no. 2, pp. 19-26.

  • BRANDLE, J.E. - McVETTY, P.B.E. 1990. Geographical diversity parental selection and heterosis in oilseed rape. In Canadian Journal of Plant Science, vol. 70, 1990, no. 4, pp. 935-940. DOI: 10.4141/cjps90-115

  • DOWNEY, R.K. - RIMER S.R. 1993. Agronomic improvement in oilseed brassicas. In Advances in Agronomy, vol. 50, 1993, pp. 1-66.

  • GRIFFING, B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel systems. In Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 9, 1956, no. 4, pp. 463-493.

  • HASHEMI AMENEH, S. - NEMATZADEH, G. A. - BABAEIAN JELODAR, N. - GHASEMI CHAPI, O. 2010. Genetic evaluation of yield and yield components at advanced generations in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). In African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 5, 2010, no. 15, pp. 1958-1964.

  • HOLMES, M.R.J. 1980. Nutrition of the Oilseed Rape Crop. London : Applied Science Publishers LTD, 1980, p. 158.

  • HUANG, Z. - LAOSUWAN, P. - MACHIKOWA, T. - CHEN, Z. 2010. Combining ability for seed yield and other characters in rapeseed. In Suranaree Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 17, 2010, pp. 39-47.

  • KATIYAR, R.K. - CHAMOLA, R. - CHOPRA, V.L. 2000. Heterosis and combining ability in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). In Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, vol. 60, 2000, no. 4, pp. 557-559.

  • KHAN, S. - FARHATULLAH, I. - KHALLIL, H. 2008. Phenotypic correlation analysis of elite F3 : 4 Brassica populations for quantitative and qualitative traits. In ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, vol. 3, 2008, pp. 38-42.

  • MADSEN, E. 1976. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry as a quick method of determination of oil content in rapeseed. In Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, vol. 53, 1976, no. 7, pp. 467-469.

  • MARJANOVIC-JEROMELA, A. - MARINKOVIC, R. - MIJIC, A. - JANKULOVSKA, M. - ZDUNIC, Z. 2007. Interrelationship between oil yield and other quantitative traits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). In Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 8, 2007, no. 2, pp. 165-170.

  • MATHER, K. - JINKS J.L. 1982. Biometrical Genetics, 3rd edn. London : Chapman & Hall, 1982, pp. 255-287.

  • McVETTY, P.B.E. 1995. Review of performance and seed production of hybrid Brassicas. In Proceedings of 9th International Rapeseed Conference, July 4-7, Cambridge, 1995, pp. 98-103.

  • NASSIMI, A.W. - RAZIUDDIN SARDAR, A. - ALI, N. - ALI, S. - BAKHT, J. 2006b. Analysis of combining ability in Brassica napus L. lines for yield associated traits. In Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 9, 2006, no. 12, pp. 2333-2337. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.20

  • NASSIMI, A.W. - RAZIUDDIN SARDAR, A. - NAUSHAD, A. 2006a. Study on heterosis in agronomic characters of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) using diallel. In Journal of Agronomy, vol. 5, 2006, no. 3, pp. 505-508. DOI: 10.3923/ja.2006.505.508

  • QI, C.K. - GAO, G.J. - ZHANG, J.F. 2000. Analysis of heterosis among varieties or inbred lines in Brassica campestris. In Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science & Technology, vol. 3, 2000, pp. 30-32.

  • QIAN, W. - SASS, O. - MENG, J. - LI, M. - FRAUEN, M. - JUNG, C. 2007. Heterotic patterns in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.): I. Crosses between spring and Chinese semiwinter lines. In Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, 2007, no. 1, pp. 27-34. DOI: 10.1007/s00122-007-0537-x

  • RAMEEH, V. - REZAI, A. - SAEIDI, G. 2004. Study of salinity tolerance in rapeseed. In Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, vol. 35, 2004, no. 19-20, pp. 2849-2866. DOI: 10.1081/CSS-200036472

  • RAMEEH, V. 2010. Combining ability and factor analysis in F2 diallel crosses of rapeseed varieties. In Plant Breeding and Seed Science, vol. 62, 2010, pp. 73-83. DOI:102478/ v10129-011-0006-1

  • REZAI, A.M. - SAEIDI, G. 2005. Genetic analysis of salt tolerance in early growth stages of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) genotypes. In Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, vol. 65, 2005, no. 4, pp. 269-273.

  • RIAZ, A. - LI, G. - QURESH, Z. - SWATI, M.S. - QUIROS, C.F. 2001. Genetic diversity of oilseed Brassica napus inbred lines based on sequence related amplified polymorphism and its relation to hybrid performance. In Plant Breeding, vol. 120, 2001, no. 5, pp. 411-415. DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0523.2001.00636.x

  • SABAGHNIA, N. - DEHGHANI, H. - ALIZADEH, B. - MOHGHADDAM, M. 2010. Diallel analysis of oil content and some agronomic traits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) based on the additive-dominance genetic model. In Australian Journal of Crop Science, vol. 4, 2010, no. 8, pp. 609-616.

  • SHEN, J.X. - FU, T.D. - YANG, G.S. 2002. Heterosis of double low self-incompatibility in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). In Agricultural Sciences in China, vol. 1, 2002, pp. 732-737.

  • SINGH, M. - SINGH, L. - SRIVASTAVA, S.B.L. 2010. Combining ability analysis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern & Coss). In Journal of Oilseed Brassica, vol. 1, 2010, no. 1, pp. 23-27.

  • TEKLWOLD, A. - BECKER, H.C. 2005. Heterosis and combining ability in a diallel cross of Ethiopian mustard inbred lines. In Crop Science, vol. 45, 2005, no. 6, pp. 2629-2635. DOI:10.2135/cropsci2005.0085

  • ZHANG, G. - ZHU, W. 2006. Genetic analyses of agronomic and seed quality traits of synthetic oilseed Brassica napus produced from interspecific hybridization of B. campetris and B. oleracesea. In Journal of Genetics, vol. 85, 2006, pp. 45-51.

Agriculture (Pol'nohospodárstvo)

The Journal of National Agricultural and Food Centre

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.59

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.196
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.360

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 10 10 10
PDF Downloads 2 2 2