Acute Pain Treatment at Department of Traumatology

B. Kováčová 1 , T. Foltánová 2 , Š. Kónya 3 ,  and A. Ďurišová 4
  • 1 Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Odbojárov 10, 832 32, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
  • 2 Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • 3 Teaching Hospital Nitra, Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery Department
  • 4 Teaching Hospital Nitra, Department of Neonatology

Abstract

The aim of this retrospective study was to characterize the acute pain management in patients admitted to Department of Traumatology and to identify the efficacy of analgesic pharmacotherapy. The study involved 83 patients divided into two groups: 52 patients (63%) in Group 1 underwent operation; the remaining 31 patients (37%) in Group 2 had conservative treatment. The characteristics of the patients (diagnosis, analgesic therapy, age, comorbidities, drugs used during hospitalisation, analgesic efficacy) were obtained from electronic database and medical reports by the hospital. Therapy during the first seven days of hospitalisation and the recommended therapy after discharging home were analysed. Records of drug adverse reactions during the whole hospitalisation were monitored. Metamizol was the most frequently prescribed as a primal analgesic. Adequate analgesia solely by metamizol was reached in 20% of all patients; the remaining 80% required increased doses or combination with another analgesic. Metamizol was combined mainly with tramadol, morphine or pethidine. Our study proved metamizol to be an effective analgesic. No clinical manifestation of agranulocytosis was observed in this study.

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