The Effects of a 6-Week Strength and Endurance Circuit Training on Body Image of High School Girls

Open access

Summary

The aim of this study was to extend the knowledge about the influence of strength and endurance circuit training intervention on body image of the female high school students. Our hypothesis was: The objectively and subjectively measured body image among the 16 – 17 years old females will be significantly improved after the participation in 6-week strength and endurance circuit training. We used experiment with 2 groups from 2nd class from the secondary school: experimental (intervention) group consists of 15 female students (age = 16.99 ± 0.29 years) and control group consists of 20 female students (age = 17.11 ± 0.36 years). The experimental factor was the strength and endurance circuit training, practicing during 6 weeks (twice a week), performed during the physical education lessons. The body image of the girl was measured using 2 methods: the objective one was the somatometry (body height, body weight and Body Mass Index), subjective measurements of the body image were the Silhouettes – Contour Drawing Rating Scale (Thomson & Gray 1995). After these 6 weeks we succeeded in every measurement of the body image – the significant effect was noticed in the experimental group in pre- and post-test on Body Mass Index (p = 0,003) and on Contour Drawing Rating Scale (p = 0,003). According to the received knowledge we suggest to integrate this movement program to the lessons of the physical and sport education for the female adolescents.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. ABBOTT B. & B. BARBER 2011. Differences in functional and aesthetic body image between sedentary girls and girls involved in sports and physical activity: Does sport type make a difference? In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 12(3) pp333-342. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.10.005.

  • 2. AŞÇI F. H. KIN A. & N. S. KOŞAR 1998. Effect of participation in an 8-week aerobic dance and step aerobics program on physical self-perception and body image satisfaction. In: International Journal of Sport Psychology. 29(4) pp. 366-375.

  • 3. BURGESS G. S. GROGAN & L. BURWITZ 2006. Effects of a 6-week aerobic dance intervention on body image and physical self-perceptions in adolescent girls. In: Body Image. 3(1) pp. 57-66. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.10.005.

  • 4. CAMPBELL A. & H. HAUSENBLAS 2009. Effects of Exercise Interventions on Body Image. In: Journal of Health Psychology. 14(6) pp. 780-793. doi: 10.1177/1359105309338977.

  • 5. CASH T. (2004). Body image: past present and future. In: Body Image. 1(1) pp. 1-5. doi: 10.1016/s1740-1445(03)00011-1.

  • 6. CASH T. F. 2011. Cognitive-behavioral perspectives on body image. In T. F. CASH & L. SMOLAK (Eds.) Body image: A handbook of science practice and prevention. pp. 39-47. New York NY: Guildford press.

  • 7. CASH T. F. & T. PRUZINSKY (Eds.) 2002. Future challenges for body image theory research and clinical practice. In: T. F. CASH & L. SMOLAK (Eds.) Body image: A handbook of theory research and clinical practice. pp. 509-516. New York NY: Guildford press.

  • 8. DUNCAN M. Y. AL-NAKEEB & A. NEVILL 2009. Effects of a 6-week circuit training intervention on body-esteem and Body Mass Index in British primary school children. In: Body Image. 6(3) pp. 216-220. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2009.04.003.

  • 9. FOUNTOULAKIS C. & S. GROGAN 2004. An investigation of the links between body image and exercise participation. In: Sport & Exercise Psychology Review. 10 pp. 19-30.

  • 10. NAYIR T. E. USKUN M. V. YÜREKLI H. DEVRAN A. ÇELIK & R. A. OKYAY 2016. Does Body Image Affect Quality of Life?: A Population Based Study. In: PLoS ONE. 11(9) pp. 1–13. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0163290.

  • 11. PERÁČKOVÁ J. & P. PERÁČEK 2016. Body Image športujúcich a nešportujúcich adolescentov. [Body Image of adolescent athletes and nonathletes.] In: PERÁČKOVÁ A KOL. Telesné sebaponímanie školskej športujúcej a nešportujúcej populácie. [Physical body self-perception of school athletes and nonathletes population.] pp. 6-136. Bratislava Slovakia: Comenius University in Bratislava. ISBN 978-80-223-4244-5.

  • 12. PERÁČKOVÁ J. A. CHOVANCOVÁ K. KUKUROVÁ & L. PLEVKOVÁ 2018. Self-evaluation of body image in sport active and sport inactive adolescent girls. In: Acta Gymnica. 48(3) pp. 109-114. doi: 10.5507/ag.2018.014.

  • 13. PLEVKOVÁ L. 2019. Vplyv diferencovaných pohybových programov na motorickú výkonnosť a body image mladších a starších žiačok. [The Influence of differentiated motion programs on motor performance and body image of younger and older female pupils.] Bratislava. Comenius University in Bratislava. Dissertation. Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Department of Sport Sciences in Educology and Humanities.

  • 14. PLEVKOVÁ L. J. PERÁČKOVÁ P. PAČESOVÁ K. KUKUROVÁ & O. MÓKUŠOVÁ 2018. The effect of 6-week strength and endurance circuit training intervention on body image in Slovak primary school girls. In: Journal of Physical education and Sport. 11 Supplement issue 1 Art 64 pp. 459-464. Doi: 10.7752/jpes.2018.s164.

  • 15. POLIVY J. & C. HERMAN 2002. Causes of Eating Disorders. In: Annual Review of Psychology. 53(1) pp. 187-213. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135103.

  • 16. SOTHERN M. 2014. Safe and effective exercise for overweight youth. Boca Raton: CRC Press Tylor&Francis Group.

  • 17. THOMPSON M. & J. GRAY 1995. Development and Validation of a New Body-Image Assessment Scale. In: Journal of Personality Assessment. 64(2) pp. 258-269. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa6402_6.

  • 18. TUCKER L. & K. MAXWELL 1992. Effects of Weight Training on the Emotional Well-Being and Body Image of Females: Predictors of Greatest Benefit. In: American Journal of Health Promotion. 6(5) pp. 338-371. doi: 10.4278/0890-1171-6.5.338.

  • 19. TUCKER L. & R. MORTELL 1993. Comparison of the Effects of Walking and Weight Training Programs on Body Image in Middle-Aged Women: An Experimental Study. In: American Journal of Health Promotion. 8(1) pp. 34-42. doi: 10.4278/0890-1171-8.1.34.

  • 20. TYLKA T. & N. WOOD-BARCALOW 2015. What is and what is not positive body image? Conceptual foundations and construct definition. In: Body Image. 14 pp. 118-129. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.04.001.

  • 21. WILLIAMS P. & T. CASH 2001. Effects of a circuit weight training program on the body images of college students. In: International Journal of Eating Disorders. 30(1) pp. 75-82. doi: 10.1002/eat.1056.

  • 22. ZABINSKI M. K. CALFAS C. GEHRMAN D. WILFLEY & J. SALLIS 2001. Effects of a physical activity intervention on body image in university seniors: Project GRAD. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 23(4) pp. 247-252. doi:10.1207/s15324796abm2304_3.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 38 38 17
PDF Downloads 56 56 21