The aim of the study was to extend the knowledge about the internal load of elite young soccer players in small sided games with different parameters in the category under 19 years. The group consisted of 16 elite soccer players under the age of 19. This team competed in the first league of the same age category We have monitored the time spent by players in bio-energy load zones (percentage of maximum heart rate), in small sided games with 2 players against 2, 3 against 3, with the size of the playing field of 25 × 18 meters and 30 × 25 meters. We used basic mathematical and statistical characteristics and Wilcoxon t-test for non-parametric selections. Our study confirmed that in the category under 19 years is valid that the larger number of players (3:3) in small sided games, indicates the players to spend more time in bio-energy zones 4 and 5. Direct correlation also applies to the size of the playing field, depending on the time spent in the load zones 4 and 5. The larger dimension of the pitch indicates to more time the players spend in bio-energy load zones, which is considered to be focal for us. If we want to use them as a way of complex training program (game training), then the small sided games are suitable training strategy.
1. ABRANTES, C. I., M. I. NUNES, V. M. MAÇÃS, N. M. LEITE, & J. E. SAMPAIO, 2012. Effects of the number of players and game type constraints on heart rate, rating of perceived exertion, and technical actions of small-sided soccer games. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(4), 976-981
2. BADA, V., 2014. Ako sa dá predchádzať chorobám srdca a ciev. Praha: Tigis Print
3. BENSON, R. & D. CONNOLLY, 2012. Trénink podle srdeční frekvence. Praha: Grada.
4. ENGEL, F., M. PRUS & N. VIETH, 2016. Jugendfußball: Ausbilden mit Konzept 3. Philippka-Sportverlag
5. GABBETT, T. J., 2006. Skill-based conditioning games as an alternative to traditional conditioning for rugby league players. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.20(2), 309.
6. GABBETT, T., D. JENKINS. & B. ABERNETHY, 2009. Game-based training for improving skill and physical fitness in team sport athletes. In: International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching.4(2), 273-283.
7. GAMBLE, P., 2004. A skill-based conditioning games approach to metabolic conditioning for elite rugby football players. In: The Journal of Strength Conditioning Research. 18.3: 491-497.
8. GREGSON, W. & B. DRUST, 2000. The physiology of football drills. In: Insight 2000; 3 (4): 1-2
9. HILL-HAAS, S. V., B. DAWSON, F. M. IMPELLIZZERI, & A. J. COUTTS, 2011. Physiology of small-sided games training in football. In: Sports medicine.41(3): 199-220.
10. HOLIENKA, M., 2005. Kondičný tréning vo futbale. Peter Mačura-PEEM.
11. HOLIENKA, M. et al., 2012. Tréningové a zápasové zaťaženie hráča v športových hrách. In: Vedecký zborník príspevkov ku grantovej úlohe. Bratislava: ABL PRINT
12. LITTLE, T., 2009. Optimizing the use of soccer drills for physiological development. In: Strength & Conditioning Journal. 31(3), 67-74.
13. MOHR, M et al., 2008. Match activities in elite woman soccer players at different performance level. In: Journal of strength and conditionong research. 22, 341-349.
14. OWEN, A., 2003. Physiological and technical analysis of small-sided conditioned training games within professional football. Wrexham: SAGE Publications.
15. OWEN, A., C. TWIST, & P. FORD, 2004. Small-sided games: The physiological and technical effect of altering pitch size and player numbers. Insight.7(2), 50-53.
16. OWEN, A. L., D. P. WONG, M. MCKENNA & A. DELLAL, 2011. Heart rate responses and technical comparison between small-vs. large-sided games in elite professional soccer. In: The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research.25(8), 2104-2110.
17. PAIN, M. & M. OWEN, 2014. Games are where you learn the most. In: The Boot Room. Issue 10, 2014. The FA licensed Coaches’ Club Magazines.