The Authentic and Inauthentic Sport in the Hermeneutic and Phenomenological Perspectives

Open access

Summary

The philosophical concept of hermeneutics presents the opposite pole of human mental activities than positivism. Phenomenology, together with hermeneutics, also presents a kind of opposition to the positivistic reduction of learning the world. This paper focuses on the topic of authenticity of sport from these two (hermeneutic and phenomenological) approaches. As a basic theoretical platform Martin Heidegger’s book Time and Being is used. The authors develop a specific kind of categorization of the social groups engaged in sport events via the ancient concepts of “TECHNÉ ATHLETIKÉ” and “TECHNÉ GYMNASTIKÉ”. Two different phenomena: sport and “sport” are examined within the next part of the paper. There are some reasons mentioned in conclusions coming from the hermeneutic and phenomenological approach which help us to understand and accept the opinion that a kind of return to “techné gymnastiké” can support the authentic modes of being in human approach to sport.

1. BALÇIKANLI, G. S., 2014. Fair Play in Professional Sports: Sportspersonship Orientations of Futsal Players. Fair Play. Journal of Sport: Philosophy, Ethics and Law. 2(1), 33-49.

2. CLÉRET, L. & M. McNAMEE, 2012: Olympism, the Values of Sport, and the Will to Power: de Coubertin and Nietzsche Meet Eugenio Monti. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy. 6(2), 183-194.

3. COSTELLOE, T. M., 1996. Between the subject and sociology: Alfred Schutz's phenomenology of the life-world. Human Studies. 19(3), 247-266.

4. DRURY, J. & C. SCOTT, 2015. Crowds in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Contemporary Social Science. London, UK: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0415635905.

5. HALÁK, J., I. JIRÁSEK & M. NESTI, 2014. Phenomenology is not phenomenalism. Is there such a thing as phenomenology of sport? Acta Gymnica. 44(2), 117-129. doi: 10.5507/ag.2014.012.

6. HEIDEGGER, M., 2008. Being and Time. Translated by John MacQuarrie & Edward Robinson. New York: Harper & Row Publishers. ISBN: 978-0061575594.

7. HOLT, J., 2012. Why does the world exist. London, UK: Profile Books, Ltd.

8. KERRY, D. S., & K. M. Armour, 2000. Sport sciences and the promise of phenomenology: Philosophy, method, and insight. Quest. 52(1), 1-17.

9. KINNEGING, A. M., 2001. Realist Phenomenology and the Foundations of Natural Law: The Vindication of the Moral Order in the Works of Scheler, Hartmann, and Hildebrand. The American Journal of Jurisprudence. 46(1), 257-275.

10. KLUCK, T., 2009. The Reason For Sports: A Christian Fanifesto. Chicago, IL: Moody Publishers. ISBN: 978-0802458360.

11. LAWRENCE A. W. (Ed.), 1989. Media, Sports and Society. Sage, Newbury Park. ISBN: 978-0803932449.

12. Le BONN, G., 2009. Psychology of Crowds. Southampton, UK: Sparkling Books Ltd. ISBN: 978-1907230080.

13. MANDELBAUM, M., 2004. The Meaning of Sports. New York, NY: Public Affairs. ISBN: 978-1586483302.

14. MEIER, K. V., 1983. A meditation on critical mass in the philosophy of sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 10(1), 8-20.

15. MURPHY, J. W., 1989. Postmodern Social Analysis and Criticism. New York, US: Greenwood Press. ISBN: 978-0313266836.

16. O’BRIEN, M., 2014. Leaping Ahead of Heidegger: Subjectivity and Intersubjectivity in Being and Time. International Journal of Philosophical Studies. 22(4), 489-490.

17. OSTERHAUDT, R. G., 1974. Modes of philosophic inquiry concerning sport: some reflections on method. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 1(1), 137-141.

18. OSTERHAUDT, R. G., 2078. The History and Philosophy of Sport: The Re-unification of Once Separated Opposites. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 5(1), 71-76.

19. PAWLENKA, C., 2005. The Idea of Fairness: A General Ethical Concept or One Particular to Sports Ethics. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 32(1), 49-64.

20. REID, H., 2012a. Athletic Beauty in Classical Greece: A Philosophical View. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 39(2), 1-17.

21. REID, H., 2012b. The Political Heritage of the Olympic Games: Relevance, Risks, and Possible Rewards. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy. 6(2), 108-122.

22. THOMPSON, K. & C. M. MATHESON, 2007. Culture, authenticity and sport: a study of event motivations at the Ulaanbaatar Naadam Festival, Mongolia. In: J. Cochrane. Asian Tourism: Growth and Change. Elsevier, London, pp. 233-244. ISBN: 978-0-08-045356-9.

23. WEISS, P., 1982. Some philosophical approaches to sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 9(1), 90-93.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 127 127 21
PDF Downloads 52 52 11