Relationship between Upper Body Strength and Performance at Canoe Freestyle

Open access


Performance in all canoe disciplines is based on the physical condition of the paddler and his technique and mental ability to adapt to the racing condition. The strength belongs to the most important physical factors in canoe sprint and canoe slalom disciplines. We believed that in canoe freestyle the strength has an important role in relation to the performance in comparison to other canoe disciplines. The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between upper body strength and special canoe freestyle performance. The study group consisted of 16 senior kayak freestyle paddlers in the age group 26 ± 3 years old. Fitro Dyne Premium was device used to obtain data for analysis of the level of general upper body strength abilities. To determine special upper body strength we used tests on paddle machine and freestyle kayaking flat water tests. Freestyle performance was measured during ECA Euro Cup 2013 competition in Slovakia, Čunovo by official ICF judges. The data obtained were measured by the Spearman Correlation (r) correlation test. The results of the study show significant relations between kayak freestyle performance and test of general strength endurance (p < 0.05), special strength endurance, special dynamic strength (p < 0.01). There were no statistically significant correlations between kayak freestyle performance and general maximal power, dynamic strength, special maximal power.

1. CABALLERO, J.D. et al., 2015. Canoeist training in Germany from the base to the high level. In: FOLGAR, M. I. Training sprint in canoeing. Spain, pp. 102,106, 108. ISBN: 978-84-943815-7-7.

2. DOVALIL, J. et al., 2002. Kondiční príprava. In: DOVALIL, J. et al. Výkon a tréning ve sportu. Praha: Olympia, pp. 22-23. ISBN 80-7033-760-5.

3. ECA, 2012. Testing stamina and rapid manoeuvring [online]. 2012 [cit. 2017-01-12]. Accessible from:

4. FRY, A. C., B. K. SCHILLING & L. W. WEISS, 2006. β2- Adrenergic Receptor Downregulation and Performance Decrements during High-intensity Resistance Exercise Overtraining. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 101(6): 1664-1672.

5. HALAŠOVÁ, N., 2011. Teória kanoistickej disciplíny kajak freestyle a didaktika jej základných figúr. Bratislava. Comenius University in Bratislava. Master thesis. Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Outdoor sports and Swimming.

6. ICF, 2015. What is Canoe Freestyle? [online]. 2015 [cit. 2017-01-12]. Accessible from:

7. ICF, 2015. Appendix 1 - Basic Moves List - Surface Boat [online]. 2015 [cit. 2017-01-12]. Accessible from:

8. JENNINGS, C. L., W. VILJOEN, J. DURANDT & M. LAMBERT, 2005. The Reliability of the FitroDyne as a Measure of Muscle Power. In: The Journal of Strength Conditioning Research. 19(4): 859-863.

9. KAMPMILLER, T & M, VANDERKA, 2007. Silové schopnosti a ich rozvoj. In: Teória a didaktika výkonnostného a vrcholového športu. Bratislava: ICM AGENCY, pp. 88-89. ISBN 978-80-89075-31-7.

10. MATUSCHEK, R., 2011. The meaning of the conditional abilities. In: Performance and theory of canoe training. Lausanne: ICF. ISBN 978-960- 99730-0-7.

11. MORAVEC, R. et al., 2007. Teória športového výkonu. In: Teória a didaktika výkonnostného a vrcholového športu. Bratislava: ICM AGENCY. ISBN 978-80-89075-31-7.

12. NIKONOROV, A. et al., 2015. Power development in sprint canoeing. In : Training sprint in canoeing. Spain. ISBN: 978-84-943815-7-7.

13. PERIČ, T & J. DOVALIL, 2010. Sportovní trénink. Praha: Grada Publishing. ISBN 978-80-247-2118-7.

14. SZANTO, C., 2010. Canoe Sprint, Lausanne: International Canoe Federation.

15. VANDERKA, M., 2013. Silový tréning pre výkon. Bratislava: Slovenská vedecká spoločnosť pre telesnú výchovu a šport. ISBN 978-80-89075-40-9

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 101 101 12
PDF Downloads 36 36 8