The Explosive Power And Speed Abilities Of Lower Extremities Of Young Basketball Players

Open access


The authors compared selected somatic data and test results in 20 m sprint and countermovement jump (CJM) of 14-year-old Lithuanian players from Sabonis Center (LT, n=143; body height: 173.7 ± 8.99 cm; body mass: 59.30 ± 11.40 kg), and Slovenian (SLO, n=84; body height: 172.8 ± 9.96 cm; body mass: 60.10 ± 12.49 kg) and Slovak national team players (SVK, n=42, body height: 177.5 ± 9.07 cm; body mass: 63.32 ± 11.36 kg). The SVK players were divided into the narrow pick (A-team, n=16) and broader roster (B-team, n=26). Within the SVK groups, significant differences between the A-team and B-team have been found in terms of body height (p<0.05) and body mass measurements (p<0.01), and in the test 20 m sprint (p<0.05). In CMJ results, the differences of the A-team and B-team have not been statistically significant. In the international comparison SVK players were taller than SLO and LT players (p <0.05). In the test 20 m sprint SVK players have achieved significantly better results (LT p <0.05, SLO p <0.01). On the contrary, in CMJ test the results (height of the jump) of SVK players were significantly worse than SLO and LT players (p<0.01).

1. ABDELKRIM N.B., S.E. FAZAA and J.E. ATI, 2007. Time–motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41: 69-75.

2. ALEMDAROĞLU, U., 2012. The relationship between muscle strength, anaerobic performance, agility, sprint ability and vertical jump performance in professional basketball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 31, p. 99-106.

3. BRUGHELLI, M., J., A. CRONIN and A. CHAOUACHI, 2011. Effects of running velocity on running kinetics and kinematics. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(4), p. 933-939.

4. Canada Basketball, 2008. The canadian basketball athlete development model. Long-term athlete development. December 2008. ISBN 978-0-9811969-0-9.

5. DELEXTRAT, A. and D. COHEN, 2008. Physiological testing of basketball players: toward a standard evaluation of anaerobic fitness. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(4), pp. 1066-1072. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181739d9b.

6. ERČULJ, F. and M. BRAČIČ, 2008. Raven razvitosti nekaterih motoričnih sposobnosti mladih košarkaric iz devetnajstih evropskih držav in Slovenije. In Trener košarke, dec. 2008, letn. 7, št. 1, pp. 78-84.

7. GALLOVÁ, T., 2015. The development of offensive team concept from U16 to U20. FIBA Europe Coaching Certificate (FECC) work, 2015.

8. GERODIMOS, V. et al., 2008. The contribution of stretch-shortening cycle and arm-swing to vertical jumping performance in children, adolescents, and adult basketball players. Human Kinetics, Inc.: Pediatric Exercise Science, 20, pp. 379-389.

9. GOTTLIEB, R. et al., 2014. Improving anaerobic fitness in young basketball players: plyometric vs. specific sprint training. Journal of Athletic Enhancement, 2014, 3:3,

10. HARMAN, E. A., et al., 1990. The effects of arms and countermovement on vertical jumping. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 22(6), pp. 825-833.

11. HARMAN, E., 2008. Principles of test selection and administration. In: Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. Third edition. NSCA : Human Kinetics, p. 237-247. ISBN 13:978-0-7360-5803-2 ISBN 10:0-7360-5803-6.

12. INGEBRIGTSEN, J. and I. JEFFREYS, 2012. The relationship between speed, strength and jumping abilities in elite junior handball players. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 6(3), p. 83-88. ISSN 1820-6301.

13. KÖKLÜ, Y. et al., 2011. Comparison of chosen physical fitness characteristics of turkish professional basketball players by division and playing position. Journal of Human Kinetics, 30, p. 99-106. DOI: 10.2478/v10078-011-0077-y.

14. LINTHORNE, N.P., 2001. Analysis of standing vertical jumps using a force platform. American Association of Physics Teachers. DOI: 10.1119/1.1397460.

15. LOCKIE, R. G. et al., 2013. Step kinematics predictors of short sprint performance in field sport athletes. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 7(2), p. 71-77. ISSN 1820-6301.

16. MARKOVIC, S. et al., 2013. Jump training with different loads: effects on jumping performance and power output. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(10), pp. 2511-2521.

17. NOVAK, D., B. NELJAK and G. SPORIŠ, 2008. Mogućnosti dijagnostike i razvoja eksplozivne snage putem nastave tjelesne i zdravstvene kulture. In: JUKIĆ, I. et al. Kondicijski trening, 6(1), Lipanj, Zagreb : UKTH, p. 56-64. ISSN 1334-2991.

18. PAULAUSKAS, R., 2003. Altitude training for basketball. In: FIBA ASSIST MAGAZINE 2. May/June 2003, p. 59-60.

19. SCHELLING, X. and L. TORRES-RONDA, 2013. Conditioning for basketball: Quality and quantity of training. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 35(6), p. 89-94.

20. ŠIMONEK, J., L. DOLEŽAJOVÁ and A. LEDNICKÝ, 2007. Rozvoj výbušnej sily dolných končatín v športe. Bratislava: SVSTVŠ. ISBN 978-80-89075-32-4.

21. TANNER, R. K. and C. J. GORE, 2013. Physiological tests for elite athletes. 2nd Edition. Australian Institute of Sport. ISBN 978-0-7360-9711-2.

22. YOUNG, W. et al., 2008. The use of sprint tests for assessment of speed qualities of elite australian rules footballers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Human Kinetics, 3, p. 199-206.

Journal Information

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 166 166 25
PDF Downloads 52 52 7