Physical Characteristics Of Female Basketball Players According To Playing Position

Open access

Abstract

Physical characteristics play an important role in the selection of young basketball players and the progress in their playing performance. The aim of the study was to analyze differences in chosen physical characteristics of Slovak U17 female basketball players with respect to their playing positions. We assumed, that there will be statistically significant differences between playing positions in each performance tests results. Chosen characteristics were analyzed for 14 players (mean/SD, age 16.34±0.82; body height 179.72±8.04 cm; body weight 67.62±7.10 kg; body fat 16.59±2.04 %; VO2max 46.20±4.71 ml.kg−1.min−1) according to their playing positions (guard, forward, center). Five specific performance tests for each player were conducted as a 3/4 Basketball court sprint, 10 × 5m Shuttle test, Lane agility drill, No-step vertical jump and Maximum vertical jump. The differences in tests results by playing positions were evaluated by one-way ANOVA. There were no significant differences found in results of chosen performance tests between playing positions (p>.05). In spite of fact, that there were no significant differences, we found interesting results between playing positions in physical characteristics. Guards had better results in speed (3.73±0.16 s), quickness (17.43±0.56 s) and both lower-body power tests (47.16±3.06 cm; 57.00±3.40 cm) than forwards and centers. Forwards had the best results in agility test (12.54±0.43 s). The results of this study produce useful information about physical characteristics of young basketball players according to their playing position and help to diagnose and improve their performance.

1. ABDELKRIM, N. B., 2010. Positional role and competitive-level differences in elite-level men’s basketball players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning research, 24(5), 1346-1355.

2. BIELIK, V. and Ľ. TOMÁNEK, 2009. Hodnotenie úrovne kondičných schopností z hľadiska špecifickosti pohybového zaťaženia v športových hrách. [Fitness assessment from aspect of specific motoric load in sport games] In: Zborník vedeckých prác Katedry hier FTVŠ UK č. 12. Bratislava: FTVŠ UK, PEEM, 15-23. ISBN 978-80-8113-007-6

3. CORMERY, B. et al., 2008. Rule change incidence on physiological characteristics of elite basketball players: A 10-year investigation. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1), 25-30.

4. DRINKWATER et al., 2008. Design and interpretation of anthropometric and fitness testing of basketball players. Sport Medicine, 38(7), 565-578.

5. ERČULJ, F. et al., 2003. Differences between playing positions in some motor ability tests of young female basketball players. In: Proceedings of 8th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Salzburg: University of Salzburg, Institute of Sport Science, 292–293. [online] Publikované 3.4.2004. [citované 4.2.2015]. Dostupné z http://www.facta.junis.ni.ac.rs/pe/pe201103/pe201103-07.pdf>

6. ERČULJ, F. et al., 2010. Physical demands on young elite European female basketball players with special reference to speed, agility, explosive strength, and take-off power. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(11), 2971-2978.

7. FORAN, B. and R. POUND, 2007. Complete conditioning for basketball. National Basketball Conditioning Coaches Association. Human Kinetics. ISBN-13 978-0-7360-5784-4.

8. GREENE, J.J. et al., 1998. Anthropometric and performance measures for high school basketball players. Journal of Athletic Training, 33(3). 229-232.

9. HOFFMAN, J.R, et. al., 1996. Relationship between athletic performance tests and playing time in elite collage basketball players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 10(2), 67-71.

10. MAČURA, P. et al., 2013. Zápasové vnútorné zaťaženie basketbalistov podľa hráčskych funkcií. [Game inside load of different player’s posts in male basketball]. In: Zborník vedeckých prác Katedry športových hier FTVŠ UK č. 21. Bratislava: FTVŠ UK, ICM AGENCY, 4-17. ISBN 978-80-89257-62-1

11. McINNES, S. E. et al., 1995. The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 13(5), 387–397.

12. OSTOJIC, SM. et al., 2006. Profiling in basketball: Physical and physiological characteristics of elite players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 740–744.

13. SALLET, P. et al., 2005. Physiological differences in professional basketball players as a function of playing position and level of play. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 45(3), 291–294.

14. TAYLOR, J. 2004. A tactical metabolic training model for collegiate basketball. Strength and conditioning journal, 26(5), 22-29.

15. TRNINIĆ, S. 2006. Selekcija, priprema i vođenje košarkaša i momčadi. [The selection, preparation and guiding basketball players and teams]. Split: Sveučilište u Splitu. ISBN 953-97019-2-9.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 124 124 36
PDF Downloads 43 43 9