Effect of Microstructure of Fe-C-V Alloys on Selected Functional Properties

Open access


The cast alloys crystallizing in Fe-C-V system are classified as white cast iron, because all the carbon is bound in vanadium carbides. High vanadium cast iron has a very high abrasion resistance due to hard VC vanadium carbides. However, as opposed to ordinary white cast iron, this material can be treated using conventional machining tools. This article contains the results of the group of Fe-C-V alloys of various microstructure which are been tested metallographic, mechanical using an INSTRON machine and machinability with the method of drilling. The study shows that controlling the proper chemical composition can influence on the type and shape of the crystallized matrix and vanadium carbides. This makes it possible to obtain a high-vanadium cast iron with very high wear resistance while maintaining a good workability.

[1] Fraś, E. & Guzik, E. (1980). Primary microstructure of the Fe-C-V alloys. Archives of Metallurgy. 25(4), 757-772.

[2] Fraś, E., Guzik, E., Kapturkiewicz, W. & Lopez, H. F. (1997). Carbide morphology in bulk and undirectionally solidified Fe-C-V eutectics. Materials Science and Technology. 13, 989-996.

[3] Kawalec, M. (2014). Microstructure control of high-alloyed white cast iron. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 14(1), 49-54.

[4] Kawalec, M. & Fraś, E. (2008). Structure, Mechanical Properties and Wear Resistance of Highvanadium Cast Iron. ISIJ International. 48(4), 518-524.

[5] Fraś, E. (2003). Crystallization of metals. Warsaw: WNT.

[6] Fraś, E., Kawalec, M. & Lopez, H.F. (2009). Solidification microstructures and mechanical properties of high-vanadium Fe-C-V and Fe-C-V-Si alloys. Materials Science and Engineering A. 524, 193-203.

[7] Kopyciński, D., Kawalec, M., Szczęsny, A., Gilewski, R. & Piasny, S. (2013). Analysis of the structure and abrasive wear resistance of white cast iron with precipitates of carbides. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials. 58(3), 973-976.

[8] Kawalec, M. & Olejnik, E. (2012). Abrasive wear resistance of cast iron with precipitates of spheroidal VC carbides. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 12, 221-226.

Archives of Foundry Engineering

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

CiteScore 2016: 0.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.192
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.316

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 88 73 9
PDF Downloads 52 49 3