The article is focused on thermomechanical and plastic properties of two high-manganese TRIPLEX type steels with an internal marking 1043 and 1045. Tensile tests at ambient temperature and at a temperature interval 600°C to 1100°C were performed for these heats with a different chemical composition. After the samples having been ruptured, ductility was observed which was expressed by reduction of material after the tensile test. Then the stacking fault energy was calculated and dilatation of both high-manganese steels was measured. At ambient temperature (20°C), 1043 heat featured higher tensile strength by 66MPa than 1045 heat. Microhardness was higher by 8HV0,2 for 1045 steel than for 1043 steel (203HV0,2). At 20°C, ductility only differed by 3% for the both heats. Decrease of tensile properties occurred at higher temperatures of 600 up to 1100°C. This tensile properties decrease at high temperatures is evident for most of metals. The strength level difference of the both heats in the temperature range 20°C up to 1100°C corresponded to 83 MPa, while between 600°C and 1100°C the difference was only 18 MPa. In the temperature range 600°C to 800°C, a decrease in ductility values down to 14 % (1045 heat), or 22 % (1043 heat), was noticed. This decrease was accompanied with occurrence of complex Aluminium oxides in a superposition with detected AlN particles. Further ductility decrease was only noted for 1043 heat where higher occurrence of shrinkage porosity was observed which might have contributed to a slight decrease in reduction of area values in the temperature range 900°C to 1100°C, in contrast to 1045 heat matrix.
Frommeyer, G. & Brüx, U. (2006). Steels. Steel Research Int. 77 (9-10), 627-633.
Kim, S. K., Cho, J. W., Kwak, W. J. & Kim, G. (2007). Development of TWIP Steel for Automotive Applications. In Proc. 3rd. Int. Conf. on new developments in metallurgical process technologies. 6, 690-697.
Sato, K. et al. (1989). Effect of Deformation Induced Phase Transformation and Twinning on the Mechanical Properties of Austenite Fe-Mn-Al Alloys. 868-877.
Schumann, V. H. (1972). Neue Hütte, 17, 605-609.
Mazancová, E. (2007). New Material Types for Automotive Industry - Physical Engineering Properties of High Strength Material Alloyed With Manganese and of Metal Hydrides Alloys for Hydrogen Storage. (1st. ed.). Ostrava: VŠB-TU Ostrava, (in Czech).
Blech, W., Phiu-On, K., Heeving, Ch. & Hirt, G. (2007). Steel Research Int. 78, 536-546.
Mintz, B., Cowley, C., Talian, C., Crowther, D. N. & Abushosba, R. (2003). Mater. Sci. Tech. 19, 184-188.
Chimani, C. M., Reich, H., Mörwald, K. & Kolednik, O. (2005). Ironmaking and Steelmaking. 32, 75-82.
Mazancová, E. & Mazanec, K. (2009). Metallic Mater. 47, 1-6.
Mazancová, E., Kozelský, P. & Subíková, M. (2010). Metallurgical Jnl. 63, 55-58.
Mintz, B., Yue, S. & Jonas, J. J. (1991). Int. Mater. Rev. 187-217.