Content of phenolic compounds in soils originating from two long-term fertilization experiments

Open access


The objective of the study was to compare the impact of three systems of multiannual fertilization applied in two long-term field experiments on the content of phenolic compounds in the soil. In the study, both natural (manure, slurry) and mineral (NPK) fertilizers were used, along with combined, organic-and-mineral fertilization. Experiment I was established in 1972 on grey brown podzolic soil; experiment II, in 1973 on brown soil. In both experiments crops were cultivated in a 7-year rotation, with a 75% share of cereals. The experimental samples were taken from the top layer of soil after 36 (experiment I) and 35 (experiment II) years following the establishment of the experiments. It was demonstrated that the presence of phenolic compounds in the soils was significantly dependent on the contents of organic C and total N, type of soil and the type and dose of used fertilizers. In grey brown podzolic soil, the content of total phenolic compounds was at a lower level than the content found in brown soil. Multiannual fertilization contributed to an increase in the content of total phenolic compounds in relation to the values obtained in control objects, which was particularly reflected in the soil originating from objects fertilized with slurry applied at a dose being equivalent to manure in terms of the amount of introduced organic carbon. The percentage of water-soluble phenols in the total content of these compounds in grey brown podzolic soil was at the level of 18.4%, while in brown soil it amounted to 29.1%.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Ahmad N. & Bano A. (2013). Impact of allelopathic potential of maize (Zea mays L.) on physiology and growth of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] Pakistan Journal of Botany 45(4) pp. 1187-1192.

  • Ahn M. Zimmerman A.R. Comerford N.B. Sickman J.O. & Grunwald S. (2009). Carbon mineralization and labile organic carbon pools in the sandy soils of a north Florida watershed Ecosystems 12 pp. 672-685.

  • Aoyama M. & Kumakura N. (2001). Quantitative and qualitative changes of organic matter in an Ando soil induced by mineral fertilizer and cattle manure applications for 20 years Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 47 pp. 241-252.

  • Barabasz W. & Vořišek K. (2002). The biodiversity of microorganisms in soil environments in: The activity of microorganisms in different environments Barabasz W. (Ed.) Kraków AR pp. 23-34. (in Polish)

  • Bertholdsson N.O. (2004). Variation in allelopathic activity over one hundred years of barley selection and breeding Weed Research 44 pp. 78-86.

  • Bertin C. Yang X. & Weston L.A. (2003). The role of root exudates and allelochemicals in the rhizosphere Plant and Soil 256 pp. 67-83.

  • Bielińska E.J. & Mocek A. (2003). Enzymatic activity of soil under orchard as an indicator of environmental condition brought about by use of plastics for soil mulch Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 492 pp. 25-37. (in Polish)

  • Bonanomi G. Incerti G. Antignani V. Capodilupo M. & Mazzoleni S. (2010). Decomposition and nutrient dynamics in mixed litter of Mediterranean species Plant Soil 331 pp. 481-496.

  • Bouhaouel I. Gfeller A. Fauconnier M.-L. Rezgui S. Amara H.S. & Jardin P. (2015). Allelopathic and autotoxicity effects of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. ssp. vulgare) root exudates BioControl 60 pp. 425-436.

  • Canals R.M. Emeterio L.S. & Peralta J. (2005). Autotoxicity in Lolium rigidum: analyzing the role of chemically mediated interactions in annual plant populations Journal of Theoretical Biology 235 pp. 402-407.

  • Chantigny M.H. Rochette P. & Angers D.A. (2001). Short-term C and N dynamics in a soil amended with pig slurry and barley straw: a fi eld experiment Canadian Journal of Soil Science 81 pp. 131-137.

  • Djurdjević L. Dinić A. Pavlović P. Mitrović M. Karadžić B. & Tešević V. (2004). Allelopathic potential of Allium ursinum L. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 32 pp. 533-544.

  • Djurdjević L. Gajić C. Kostić O. Jarić S. Pavlović C. Mitrović M. & Pavlović P. (2012). Seasonal dynamics of allelopathically significant phenolic compounds in globally successful invader Conyza canadensis L. plants and associated sandy soil Flora 207 pp. 812-820.

  • Epstein E. Taylor J.M. & Chaney R.L. (1976). Effects of sewage sludge and sludge compost applied to soil on some soil physical and chemical properties Journal of Environmental Quality 5 pp. 422-426.

  • Fangueiro D. Coutinho J. Borges L. F. Cabral F. & Vasconcelos E. (2014). Nitrogen and carbon availability of liquid and solid fractions of pig slurry obtained using different separation technologies Biology and Fertility of Soils 50 pp. 333-341.

  • Furczak J. Deryło S. & Szymankiewicz K. (2001). Microbial activity and content of phenolic compounds in podzolic soil under winter rye cultivated in different systems Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 478 pp. 135-144.

  • Gallet C. & Keller C. (1999). Phenolic composition of soil solutions: comparative study of lysimeter and centrifuge waters Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31 pp. 1151-1160.

  • Gallet Ch. Boissier J-M. & Berlandis M. (2003). Short-term effects of manure application on soil leachates in a mountain catchment Agronomie 23 pp. 335-344.

  • Gartner T.B. & Cardon Z.G. (2004). Decomposition dynamics in mixed-species leaf litter Oikos 104 (2) pp. 230-246.

  • Hanya T. Matsumoto G. Nagao T. & Katase T. (1976). The presence of p-coumaric and ferulic acids in natural waters and their significance in relation to environmental health Trace Substances and Environmental Health 10 pp. 265-269.

  • Haynes R.J. & Naidu R. (1998). Influence of lime fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 51 pp. 123-137.

  • Hruszka M. (1982a). Autotoxicity of wheat and field beans grown in monoculture. 1. Pot experiments Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczo-Technicznej w Olsztynie 32 pp. 91-99. (in Polish)

  • Hruszka M. (1982b). Autotoxicity of wheat and field beans grown in monoculture. 2. Laboratory studies Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczo-Technicznej w Olsztynie 32 pp. 101-107. (in Polish)

  • IUSS Working Group WRB. 2014. World Reference Base for Soil Resources. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. FAO. Rome.

  • Jung H.G.G. Fahey G.C. & Merchen N.R. (1983). Effects of ruminant digestion and metabolism on phenolic monomers of forages. British Journal of Nutrition 50 pp. 637-651.

  • Krupa T. & Latocha P. (2007). Antioxidant activity and contents of vitamin C and phenolic compounds in fruit of various hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia Lindl.) genotypes Żywność - Nauka Technologia Jakość 5 pp. 237-244. (in Polish)

  • Li Z.H. Wang Q. Ruan X. Pan C.D. & Jiang D.A. (2010). Phenolics and plant allelopath Molecules 15 pp. 8933-8952.

  • Lowe L.E. (1993). Total and labile polysacharide analysis of soils in: Soil sampling and methods of analysis Carter M.D. (Ed.) Canadian Society of Soil Science Lewis Publishers: pp. 373-376.

  • Malá J. Cvikrová M. Hrubcová M. & Máchová P. (2013). Influence of vegetation on phenolic acid contents in soil Journal of Forest Science 59(7) pp. 288-294.

  • Martens D.A. (2002a). Identification of phenolic acid composition of alkali-extracted plants and soils Soil Science Society of America Journal 66 pp. 1240-1248.

  • Martens D.A. (2002b). Relationship between plant phenolic acids released during soil mineralization and aggregate stabilization Soil Science Society of America Journal 66 pp. 1857-1867.

  • Matsi T. (2012). Liquid cattle manure application to soil and its effect on crop growth in: Soil fertility improvement and integrated nutrient management - a global perspective Whalen J.K. (Ed.) InTech Europe pp. 97-118.

  • Mazzoleni S. Bonanomi G. Giannino F. Rietkerk M. Dekker S.C. & Zucconi F. (2007). Is plant biodiversity driven by decomposition processes? An emerging new theory on plant diversity Community Ecology 8(1) pp. 103-109.

  • Natywa M. Selwet M. & Maciejewski T. (2014). Effect of some agrotechnical factors on the number and activity soil microorganisms Fragmenta Agronomica 31(2) pp. 56-63. (in Polish)

  • Northrup R.R. Dahlgren R.A. Aide T.M. & Zimmerman J.K. (1999). Effect of plant polyphenols on nutrient cycling and implications for community structure in: Inderjit Dakshini K.M.M. Foy C.L. (Eds.) Principles and Practices in Plant Ecology CRC Press pp. 369-380.

  • Ostrowska A. Gawliński S. & Szczubiałka Z. (1991). Methods of analysis and assessment of soil and plant properties Institute of Environmental Protection pp. 333. (in Polish)

  • Paul J.W. Covert J.A. & Beauchamp E.G. (1993). Influence of soil temperature and moisture n water-soluble compounds in manured soil Canadian Journal of Soil Science 74 pp. 111-114.

  • Politycka B. (2007). Substrate reaction and phytotoxicity of root residues of apple trees Nauka Przyroda Technologie 1(1) pp. 1-6. (in Polish)

  • Politycka B. & Seidler-Łożykowska K. (2009). Phytotoxicity and phenolic compounds content in soil during long-term cultivation of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) and its effect on herb yield essential oil content Herba Polonica 55(3) pp. 133-139.

  • Rauber L.P. Piccolla C.D. Andrade A.P. Friederichs A. Mafra A.L. Corrêa J.C. & Albuquerque J.A. (2012). Physical properties and organic carbon content of a Rhodic Kandiudox fertilized with pig slurry and poultry litter Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 36 pp. 1323-1332.

  • Reigosa M.J. & Pedrol N. (2002). Allelopathy: from molecules to ecosystems Science Publishers Enfield. NH pp. 316.

  • Riffaldi R. Saviozzi A. & Levi-Minzi R. (1988). Water extracts of fresh and mature farmyard manure Biological Wastes 23 pp. 65-72.

  • Rimmer D.L. (2006). Free radicals antioxidants and soil organic matter recalcitrance European Journal of Soil Science 57 pp. 91-94.

  • Rimmer D.L. & Abbott G.D. (2011). Phenolic compounds in NaOH extracts of UK soils and their contribution to antioxidant capacity European Journal of Soil Science 62 pp. 285-294.

  • Rochette P. Angers D.A. & Côté D. (2000). Soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics following application of pig slurry for the 19th consecutive year: I. Carbon dioxide fluxes and microbial biomass carbon Soil Science Society of America Journal 64 pp. 1389-1395.

  • Sánchez M. & González J.L. (2005). The fertilizer value of pig slurry. I. Values depending on the type of operation Bioresource Technology 96 (10) pp. 1117-1123.

  • Sądej W. & Przekwas K. (2006a). Effects of point pollution sources on nitrogen concentrations in surface waters Polish Journal of Environmental Studies15 5d Part II: pp. 401-404.

  • Sądej W. & Przekwas K. (2006b). Effect of point pollution sources on nitrogen concentrations in well water Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 513: pp. 365-372.

  • Sołtys D. Dębska K. Bogatek R. & Gniazdowska A. (2010). Plant autotoxicity - an example of allelopathic interaction Kosmos 59(3-4) pp. 551-565. (in Polish)

  • Szwed A. & Bohacz J. (2014). Enzymatic activity and certain chemical properties of grey-brown podzolic soil (Haplic Luvisol) amended with compost of tobacco wastes Archives of Environmental Protection 40 3 pp. 61-73.

  • Thakur Ch. Deo Mall I. & Srivastava V.C. (2013). Effect of hydraulic retention time and filling time on simultaneous biodegradation of phenol resorcinol and catechol in a sequencing batch reactor Archives of Environmental Protection 39 2 pp. 69-80.

  • Tiessen H. & Moir J.O. (1993). Total and organic carbon in: Soil sampling and methods of analysis Carter M.R. (Ed.) Canadian Society of Soil Science Lewis Publishers: pp. 187-199.

  • Vlková L. & Církva V. (2005). Chlorinated phenols and methods of their degradation Chemické Listy 99 pp. 125-130. (in Czech)

  • Wang K. Cai J. Xie S. Jia Feng J. & Wang T. (2015). Phytoremediation of phenol using Polygonum orientale and its antioxidative response Archives of Environmental Protection 413 pp. 39-46.

  • Wardle D.A. Nilsson M.C. Zackrisson O. & Gallet C. (2003). Determinants of litter mixing effects in a Swedish boreal forest Soil biology and biochemistry 35 pp. 827-835.

  • Wise A.A. & Kuske C.R. (2000). Generation of novel bacterial regulatory proteins that detect priority pollutant phenols Applied Environmental Microbiology 60(1) pp. 163-169.

  • Wójcik-Wojtkowiak D. Politycka B. & Weyman-Kaczmarkowa W. (1998). Allelopathy AR Poznań pp. 90. (in Polish)

  • Wu H. An M. Liu D.L. Pratley J. & Lemerle D. (2008). Recent advances in wheat allelopathy in: Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry Zeng R.S. Mallik A.U. Luo S.M.(Eds.) Springer Science+Business Media LLC pp. 235-254.

Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.708
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.835

CiteScore 2018: 1.71

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.489
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.011

Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 609 379 21
PDF Downloads 322 215 23