Trace Metals in Soils and Several Brassicaceae Plant Species from Serpentine Sites of Serbia

Gordana M. Tomović 1 , Nevena Lj. Mihailović 2 , Ahmed F. Tumi 1 , Boško A. Gajić 3 , Tomica D. Mišljenović 1 ,  and Marjan S. Niketić 4
  • 1 Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Takovska 43, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • 2 Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy – INEP, University of Belgrade, Banatska 31b, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
  • 3 Laboratory of Soil Physics, Institute of Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11081 Belgrade, Serbia
  • 4 Natural History Museum, Njegoševa 51, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia

Abstract

Serpentine soils from 16 sample points in Serbia as well as the roots and shoots of eight Brassicaceae family species: Aethionema saxatile, Alyssum montanum, Alyssum repens, Cardamine plumieri, Erysimum linariifolium, Erysimum carniolicum, Isatis tinctoria, Rorippa lippizensis, were analyzed with regard to their concentrations of P, K, Fe, Ca, Mg, Ni, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, Cd, and Pb. Most of the soil samples were typical of ultramafic sites with low concentrations of P, K and Ca and high concentrations of Mg, Fe, Ni and Zn. Ca/Mg ratio was <1 in most soil samples and Brassicaceae plants. Only in A. montanum, A. repens, E. linariifolium and R. lippizensis was the Ca/Mg ratio >1. The levels of P, K, Fe and Zn were high, Mn and Cu occurred in low amounts, whereas Cr, Cd, Co and Pb were only traceable. In the roots and shoots of A. montanum and A. repens the measured concentrations of Ni were 657 mg kg-1 and 676 mg kg-1 respectively, which is the first instance that such high concentrations of Ni were detected in these two species.

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