Hematological and Serum Biochemical Reference Values for the Posavina and Croatian Coldblood Horse Breeds

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Abstract

In this study the hematological and biochemical parameters in the blood of indigenous Croatian working horse breeds were investigated. The Posavina and Croatian Coldblood horses are adapted to harsh environmental conditions and their blood parameters might differ from other horse breeds. The study was carried out on 100 mares and 12 stallions of ages from 2 to 19 years. Fifteen hematological and 19 biochemical parameters were analysed. Values of 22 parameters showed considerable overlapping with values obtained for other horse breeds, and substantial resemblance is evident with values reported for Pakistani working horses. Several reference values showed statistically significant effect of sex (Hb, ALB, CREA, TBIL and Ca where significantly higher in stallions; EOS, CK, ALP, UREA and Mg were significantly higher in mares). None of the parameters studied showed any differences associated with age. The adaptation of Posavina and Croatian Coldblood horses to the harsh environment of flooded pastures and the way of breeding might be reflected in their specific reference values. The obtained results enabled the establishment of hematological and biochemical reference values in the blood of Posavina and Croatian Coldblood horses that will in turn support clinical diagnosis and further research into horse physiology.

Abstract

U studiji je obavljeno ispitivanje hematoloških i biohemijskih parametara krvi kod radnih hrvatskih autohtonih rasa konja. Posavski i hrvatski hladnokrvnjak su dve rase konja koje su adaptirane na oštre uslove spoljašnje sredine pa se pretpostavlja da njihovi parametri krvi mogu da budu različiti u poređenju sa drugim rasama. Ispitivanje je obavljeno na 100 kobila i 12 pastuva starosti od 2 do 19 godina. Obavljena je analiza u odnosu na pedeset hematoloških i 19 biohemijskih parametara. Vrednosti koje su dobijene u odnosu na 22 parametra pokazale su značajna preklapanja u poređenju sa drugim rasama konja, pri čemu je ustanovljena značajna podudarnost sa vrednostima koje su karakteristične za pakistanskog radnog konja. Nekoliko referentnih vrednosti je pokazalo statistički značajnan utacaj pola (Hb, ALB, CREA, TBIL i Ca vrednosti su bile značajno veće kod pastuva; EOS, CK, ALP, UREA i Mg vrednosti su bile značajno veće kod kobila). Nijedan parametar koji je ispitivan nije pokazao bilo kakvu varijaciju u odnosu na starost životinja. Prilagođenost posavskog i hrvatskog hladnokrvnog konja na oštre i teške uslove spoljašnje sredine koji podrazumevaju ispašu na poplavljenim pašnjacima, kao i način uzgoja, može da ima posledice na specifične referentne vrednosti ispitivanih parametara. Dobijeni podaci omogućavaju definisanje hematoloških i biohemijskih referentnih vrednosti krvi posavske i hrvatske rase hladnokrvnih konja, a te vrednosti bi omogućavale kliničku dijagnostiku i buduća ispitivanja fiziologije konja.

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Acta Veterinaria

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