Discussion of the Issue of Wolf Expansion with an Impact on Landscape Management and Farming

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Abstract

The coexistence of people and large carnivores, especially wolves, tend to have an adverse impact on regional sustainable development of ecosystems and rural areas, negatively influencing mainly traditional farming, sustainable tourism and other socioeconomic activities. Although the viewpoint on current situation is not quite clear from the conservative institutions’ perspective, an increase in compensations and support of protective measures results in expenditure displacement instead of proper problem solution. The same displacement logic applies not only to livestock grazing subsidies in the open landscape but also to subsidies determined exclusively for the protection of the predator itself, the wolf. The paper aims to address the key impacts on cultivated landscape caused by a progressive spreading of the predator, focusing on the comprehensive perception of the issue as a whole while also using farming examples to highlight the main issues of gradual wolf spreading in the cultivated area. The research is based on the authors’ monograph (2018) positively accepted by both politicians and specialists’ community which promotes basis for further discussion across other interrelated sectors.

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