Fast nonlinear model predictive control of a chemical reactor: a random shooting approach

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Abstract

This paper presents a fast way of implementing nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) using the random shooting approach. Instead of calculating the optimal control sequence by solving the NMPC problem as a nonlinear programming (NLP) problem, which is time consuming, a sub-optimal, but feasible, sequence of control inputs is determined randomly. To minimize the induced sub-optimality, numerous random control sequences are selected and the one that yields the smallest cost is selected. By means of a motivating case study we demonstrate that the random shooting-based approach is superior, from a computational point of view, to state-of-the-art NLP solvers, and features a low level of sub-optimality. The case study involves a continuous stirred tank reactor where a fast multi-component chemical reaction takes place.

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Acta Chimica Slovaca

The Journal of Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

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