Catalytic conversion of ethanol into alkenes and acetaldehyde

Open access


Bioethanol is an example of a renewable energy source which can be produced not only by fermentation of simple sugars but also by depolymerisation of cellulose, as the second-generation feedstock, in the first step. This will help to further develop the bioethanol economy. Ethanol can be used as a promising platform molecule for the production of a variety of industrially important chemicals such as alkenes or oxygenates. Alkenes are produced industrially by petrochemical way mainly from crude oil, a non-renewable energy source. Conversion of ethanol to light olefins using an appropriate catalyst could replace the production of these key building blocks for the chemical industry. In this work, the focus is on the preparation and testing of heterogeneous catalysts in the transformation of ethanol to alkenes and acetaldehyde. In most cases, magnesia-based catalysts were used on a silica support during the experiment. Individual types of catalysts were compared in terms of yields of particular products, the effect of the feedstock load and that of calcination temperature of the catalyst on the catalytic activity are discussed. The highest ethylene yields (95 %) were achieved over an Mg-β-zeolite catalyst; the highest yield of 1,3-butadiene (29.1 %) was achieved in case of an Na/alumina catalyst; and the highest acetaldehyde yield (22.3 %) was achieved using a K-doped MgO/SiO2 catalyst.

Angelici C, Velthoen MEZ, Weckhuysen BM, Bruijnincx PCA (2015) Catalysis Science and Technology 5: 2869-2879.

Bi J, Guo X, Liu M, Wang X (2010) Catalysis Today 149: 143-147.

Chieregato A, Ochoa JV, Cavani F (2016) Olefins from Biomass, in Chemicals and Fuels from Bio-Based Building Blocks (eds F. Cavani, S. Albonetti, F. Basile and A. Gandini), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, ISBN: 9783527698202.

DeWilde JF, Czopinski ChJ, Bhan A (2014) ACS Catalysis 4, 12: 4425-4433.

Marina OS Dias, Ensinas A, Nebra S, Rubens Maciel Filho, Carlos EV Rossell, Maria Regina Wolf Maciel (2009) Chemical Engineering Research and Design 87: 1206-1216.

Hromádko J, Hromádko J, Miler P, Honig V (2010) Listy cukrovarnické a řepařské 126, 7-8: 267-271.

Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of chemical technology, (1996) vol. 20, 4th edition: 48-55: 122-132.

Makshina EV, Dusselier M, Janssens W, Degréve J, Jacobs PA, Sels BF (2014), Chemical Society Reviews 22: 7917-7953.

Makshina EV, Janssens W, Sels BF, Jacobs PA (2012), Catalysis Today 198: 338-344.

Makshina EV, Janssens W, Sels BF, Vanelderen P (2015), ChemSusChem 8(6): 994-1008.

Phung T, Busca G (2015) Catalysis Communications 68: 110-115.

Sun J, Wang Y (2014) ACS Catalysis 4: 1078-1090.

Wirawan F, Cheng ChL, Kao W-Ch, Lee DJ, Chang JS (2012) Applied Energy 100: 19-26.

Zabed H, Sahu JN, Suely A, Boyce AN, Faruq G (2017) Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 71: 475-501.

Zhu Q, Wang B, Tan T (2017) ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 5 (1): 722-733.

Zimmermann H, Walzl R (2012) Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry-Ethylene, vol. 13: 465-526.

Acta Chimica Slovaca

The Journal of Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 76 76 16
PDF Downloads 106 106 35