Degradation of anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac in sewage water

Open access


In recent years, interest in the presence of chemical and biological pollutants (drugs, pesticides, heavy metals etc.) in sewage water has been permanently increasing and, at the same time, significant effort to eliminate them has been shown. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of ferrates activity on the decomposition of the drug diclofenac (DCF), which is commonly present in sewage water. The main task is to follow the effect of potassium ferrate dosage on DCF degradation and to evaluate the most effective ferrates concentration in solution. Subsequently, real samples of waste water containing a significant amount of various micro‑pollutants were treated by the same amount of ferrates as laboratory samples. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for the sample analysis. Ferrates removal effectiveness was determined by comparing the chromatographic peak areas of residual DCF in the treated samples. Removal efficiency of diclofenac is proportional to the concentration of potassium ferrate in the treated solutions.

Alsheyab M, Jiang JQ, Stanford C (2009) J. Environ. Manage. 90: 1350-1356.

Barışçı S, Särkkä H, Sillanpää M, Dimoglo A (2016) Desalin. Water Treat. 57: 11375-11385.

Blaha L, Bolchi M, Gawlik BM (2010) Water. Res. 44: 4115-4126.

Calza P, Sakkas VA, Medana C, Baiocchi C, Dimou A, Pelizzetti E, Albanis T (2006) Appl. Catal. B-Environ. 67: 197-205.

Evanson NK (2007) Diclofenac xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. 1-7.

Güyera GT, Ince NH (2011) Ultrasonic Sonochemistry 18: 114-119.

Kubiňáková E, Kerekeš K, Gál M, Híveš J (2015) J. Appl. Electrochem. 45: 1035-1042.

Loos R, Carvalho R, António DC, Comero S, Locoro G, Tavazzi S, Paracchini B, Ghiani M, Lettieri T, Blaha L, Jarosova B, Voorspoels S, Servaes K, Haglund P, Fick J, Lindberg RH, Schwesig D, Gawlik BM (2013) Water. Res. 47: 6475-6487.

Loos R, Locoro G, Comero S, Contini S, Schwesig D, Werres F, Balsaa P, Gans O, Weiss S, Verlicchi P, Aukidy M, Zambello E (2012) Sci. Total Environ. 429: 123-155.

Luo Y, Guoa W, Ngo HH, Nghiemb LD, Hai FI, Zhang J, Liang S, Wang XC (2014) Sci. Total Environ. 473-474: 619-641.

Mackuľak T, Birošová L, Bodík I, Grabic R, Takáčová A, Smolinská M, Hanusová A, Hiveš J, Gá/l M (2016) Sci. Total Environ. 539: 420-426.

Manoli K, Nakhla G, Ray AK, Sharma VK (2017) Chem. Eng. J. 307: 513-517.

Manu B, Mahamood R (2012) J. Sustainable Energy & Environment 3: 173-176.

Naddeo V, Belgiorno V, Ricco D, Kassinos D (2009) Ultrasonic Sonochemistry 16: 790-794.

Pérez-Estrada LA, Malato S, Gernjak W, Aguera A, Thurman EM, Ferrer I, Fernández‑Alba AR (2005) Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 8300-8306.

Rivera-Utrilla J, Sánchez-Polo M, Ferro-García MA, Prados-Joya G, Ocampo-Pérez R (2013) Chemosphere 93: 1268-1287.

Rizzo L, Meric S, Kassinos D, Guida M, Russo F, Belgiorno V (2009) Water. Res. 43: 979-988.

Sharma VK, Chen L, Zboril R (2016) ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 4: 18-34.

Todd PA, Sorkin EM (1988) Drugs 35: 244-285.

Vogna D, Marotta R, Napolitano A, Andreozzi R, Ischia M (2004) Water. Res. 38: 414-422.

Zhao X, Hou Y, Liu H, Qiang Z, Qu J (2009) Eletrochim. Acta 54: 4172-4179.

Acta Chimica Slovaca

The Journal of Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 83 83 14
PDF Downloads 20 20 5