Population of Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius Funereus in Kopaonik National Park (Central Serbia)

Open access

Abstract

The altitudinal distribution, breeding density and population size of Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus was studied in Kopaonik National Park (central Serbia) during the 2011 and 2012 breeding seasons. The size of the study area was 24 km2. The survey method applied was a line transect in combination with stop points and playback of territorial male call. During the two-year research project, 37 territories were located. In Kopaonik National Park, Tengmalm’s Owl males inhabit Norway Spruce Picea abies, mixed Norway Spruce-Silver Fir Abies alba and Norway Spruce-European Beech Fagus sylvatica forests in the altitudinal belt stretching between 1,367 and 1,689 m a.s.l. The breeding density in the studied area was 8.3 territories/10 km2 in 2011 and 7.1 territories/10 km2 in 2012. Total population estimate of Tengmalm’s Owl in Kopaonik National Park is substantially higher than previously assumed, its 42-49 breeding territories making it currently the most important breeding site in Serbia.

BirdLife International (2004): Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status.

BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12. - BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Božič, L. & Vrezec, A. (2000): Sove Pohorja. - Acrocephalus 21 (98/99): 47-53.

Ciach, M. (2005): Abundance and distribution patterns of owls in Pieniny National Park, Southern Poland. - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 48A (1/2): 21-33.

Dejaifve, P.A., Novoa, C. & Prodon, R. (1990): [Habitat and density of the Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus in the eastern part of the Pyrenees.] - Alauda 58: 267-273. (in French) Domaszewicz, A. (1993): [Owls of Bialowieza Forest.] - Bialymstok, Bialowieza. (In Polish) Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Gregory, R.D. (1999): Does variation in census area confound density comparisons? - Journal of Applied Ecology 36 (2): 191-204.

Hakkarainen, H. & Korpimaki, E. (1996): Competitive and predatory interactions among raptors: an observational and experimental study. - Ecology 77 (4): 1134-1142.

Hakkarainen, H., Korpimaki, E., Koivunen, V. & Ydenberg, R. (2002): Survival of male Tengmalm’s Owls under temporally varying food conditions. - Oecologia 131: 83-88.

Hayward, G.D., Hayward, P.H. & Garton, E.O. (1993): Ecology of Boreal Owls in the Northern Rocky Mountains, USA. - Wildlife Monographs 124: 1-59.

Khokhlova, T.Y., Yakovleva, M.V., Zimin, V.B., Artemyev, A.V., Lapsin, N.V. & Sukhov, A.V. (2005): [Materials on owls of Republic Karelia.] pp. 51-63 In: Volkov, V.S., Morozov, V.V. & Sharikov, V.A. (eds.): Owls of the Northern Eurasia. - Moskva. (in Russian) Kloubec, B. (2003): Breeding of Tengmalm’s Owls (Aegoliusfunereus) in nest-boxes in Šumava Mts.: a summary from the years 1978-2002. - Buteo 13: 75-86.

Konig, C., Weich, F. & Becking, J.-H. (1999): Owls. A guide to the Owls of the World. - Pica press, Sussex.

Korpimaki, E. (1997): Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus. pp. 420-421 In: Hagemeijer W.J.M. & Blair M.J. (eds): The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance . - T & A D Poyser, London.

Lakušić, D. & Elleboode, C. (2011): Map of habitats of Serbia. - Republic Geodetic Institute, Belgrade.

Locker, S. & Flugge, D. (1998): HOhe Siedlungsdichte des Rauhfuskauzes Aegolius funereus in den Hanstedter Bergen, Naturschutzgebiet “Luneburger Heide”. - Vogelwelt 119: 329-336.

Matvejev, S.D. (1950): [Distribution and life of birds in Serbia.] - Serbian Academy of Science, Belgrade. (in Serbian) Mammen, U. & Stubbe, M. (2005): Zur Lage der Greifvogel und Eulen in Deutschland 1999-2002. - Vogelwelt 126: 53-65.

Matvejev, S.D. & Aleksandrov, R.N. (2002): [Life of the birds of the Kopaonik fifty years ago 1938-1967.] - Serbian Society for History of Science, Belgrade. (in Serbian)

Mikkola, H. (1983): Owls of Europe. - T & A D Poyser, Carlton. Nankinov, D. (2002): [Present situation of population of owls in Bulgaria.] - Berkut 11 (1): 48-60. (in Russian) Pačenovsky, S. & Shurulinkov, P. (2008): Latest data on distribution of the Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium passerinum) in Bulgaria and Slovakia including population density comparison. - Slovak Raptor Journal 2: 91-106.

Puzović, S., Simić, D., Saveljić, D., Gergelj, J., Tucakov, M., Stojnić, N., Hulo, I., Ham, I., Vizi, O., Šćiban, M., Ružić, M., Vučanović, M. & Jovanović, T. (2003): [Birds of Serbia and Montenegro - breeding population estimates and trends: 1990-2002.] - Ciconia 12: 35-120. (in Serbian)

Puzović, S., Sekulić, G., Stojnić, N., Grubač, B. & Tucakov, M. (2009): [Important Bird Areas in Serbia.] - Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia & Provincial Secretariat of Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development, Belgrade. (in Serbian)

Rajković, D., Puzović, S., Raković, M., Grubač, B., Simović, A., Vučanović, M. & Đorđević, I. (2010): [Records of Boreal Owl in Serbia.] - Ciconia 19: 131-140. (in Serbian)

Rykova, S.Y., Rykov, A.M. & Sivkov, A.V. (2005): [Numbers and distribution owls in Pinega Nature Reserve, Archangelsk Region.] pp. 64-67 In: Volkov, V.S., Morozov, V.V. & Sharikov, V.A. (eds.): Owls of the Northern Eurasia. - Moskva. (in Russian)

Shamovich, D.I. & Shamovich, I.Y. (2005): [Spatial and temporal differences in the association of forest owls in conditions of different landscape types in northern Belarus.] pp. 121-135 In: Volkov, V.S., Morozov, V.V. & Sharikov, V.A. (eds.): Owls of the Northern Eurasia. - Moskva. (in Russian) Shurulinkov, P. & Stoyanov, G. (2006): Some new findings of Pigmy Owl Glaucidium passerinum and Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus in western and southern Bulgaria. - Acrocephalus 27 (128/129): 65-68.

Shurulinkov, P., Stoyanov, G., Tzvetkov, P., Vulchev, K., Kolchagov, R. & Ilieva, M. (2003): Distribution and abundance of Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus on Mount Pirin, south-west Bulgaria. - Sandgrouse 25 (2): 103-109.

Shurulinkov, P., Stoyanov, G., Komitov, E., Daskalova, G. & Ralev, A. (2012): Contribution to the Knowledge on Distribution, Number and Habitat Preferences of Rare and Endangered Birds in Western Rhodopes Mts, Southern Bulgaria. Strigiformes and Piciformes. - Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 64 (1): 43-56.

Simeonov, S., Michev, T. & Nankinov, D. (1990): The fauna of Bulgaria. Vol. 20. Aves. Part I. - BAS, Sofia. (in Bulgarian)

Takats, D.L., Francis, M.C., Holroyd, L.G., Duncan, R.J., Mazur, K.M., Cannings, J.R., Harris, W. & Holt, D. (2001): Guidelines for Nocturnal Owl Monitoring in North America. - Beaver Hill Bird Observatory & Bird Studies Canada, Edmonton.

Vacik, R. (1991a): [Some information on the distribution and reproductive biology of the Tengmalm’s Owl, Aegolius funereus in Bohemia and Moravia.] pp. 287-297 In: Juillard, M. (ed.): Rapaces Nocturnes. Actes du 30e Colloque interregional d’ornithologie, Porrentruy (Suisse), 2, 3 et 4 novembre 1990. Prangins, Switzerland. - Societe romande pour l’etude et la protection des oiseaux. (in French)

Vasović, M. (1988): Kopaonik - Geografska monografija. - Stručna knjiga, Beograd.

Vrezec, A. (2003): Breeding density and altitudinal distribution of the Ural, Tawny and Boreal Owls in North Dinaric Alps (central Slovenia). - Journal of Raptor Research 37 (1): 55-62.

Vrezec, A. & Tome, D. (2004): Habitat selection and patterns of distribution in a hierarchic forest owl guild. - Ornis Fennica 81 (3): 109-118.

Acrocephalus

The Journal of Bird Watching and Bird Study Association of Slovenia - DOPPS Bird Life

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 31 31 12
PDF Downloads 7 7 1