Bird Species Diversity of the Mitidja Plain (Northern Algeria) with Emphasis on the Dynamics of Invasive and Expanding Species

Open access

Abstract

This treatise investigates the poorly studied bird fauna of Mitidja Plain (Northern Algeria), with particular notes on the occurrence and expansion of new and alien species. Direct observations, supported by ornithological surveys carried out by Progressive Frequential Sampling (PFS), a version of a point count method, have allowed us to identify 125 bird species. These represent 31% of all species known from Algeria. The species recorded belong to 14 orders, 39 families and 37 genera. According to their biogeographic origins, 36 are Mediterranean, 32 Palearctic, 24 Holarctic, 17 European and 16 of European-Turkestani origin. The Mitidja Plain holds 60 resident-breeder species (48% of all registered species) and is a transit zone for many migratory species (summer and winter migrants constituting 20% and 14% of the total, respectively) and occasional visitors (RA = 12%). Among recently expanding species (introduced or local), the Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto and Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus, sampled by the spot-mapping method, experienced a very rapid population growth. The first observations of the former were made in 1996 in Algiers. Its numbers experienced a steep increase after 2002, starting from 5.75 pairs/10 ha to reach up to 31.5 pairs/10 ha in 2006. The same applies for the Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri, surveyed by direct-count at roosting sites. This species has been able to increase and reproduce since its first introduction into the wild in 1996. The increase in study species populations, especially the Rose-ringed Parakeet, may derive from good weather conditions that favoured the species through providing better feeding conditions, thus high reproduction outcomes.

Barnard, P. & Thuiller, W. (2008): Introduction. Global change and biodiversity: future challenges. - Biological Letters 4 (5): 553-555.

Bellatreche, M. (1994): [Ecology and biogeography of forest birds of Babors and Kabylie (Algeria).] PhD thesis. - University of Burgundy, Dijon. (in French) Bellatreche, M. (1999): Biological diversity and conservation: the case of the forest nest-building avifauna of the Kabylie des Babors in Algeria. - Wildlife and Nature 15: 37-48.

Bendjoudi, D. (2008): [Study of the avifauna of Mitidja.] PhD thesis. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) Bendjoudi, D., Voisin, J.F., Baziz, B. & Doumandji, S. (2005a): Premieres donnees sur la presence et l’extension de la Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri (Scopoli) (Aves, Psittacidae) en Algerie. - Ornithologia Algirica 5 (1): 26-35.

Bendjoudi, D., Voisin, J.F., Doumandji, S. & Baziz, B. (2005b): Installation de la Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri (Aves, Psittacidae) dans l’Algerois et premieres donnees sur son ecologie trophique dans cette region. - Alauda 73 (3): 329-334.

Bendjoudi, D., Doumandji, S. & Voisin, J.F. (2006): La Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri, nouvelle espece faisant partie de l’avifaune algerienne. 10th National Days of Ornithology, 6 March 2006. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers.

Benyacoub, S. & Chabi, Y. (2000): Diagnose ecologique de l’avifaune du parc national d’El Kala. - Synthese 7: 1-98.

Benyacoub, S. (1998): La Tourterelle turque Streptopelia decaocto en Algerie. - Alauda 66 (3): 251-253.

Bergier, P., Franchimont, J. & Thevenot, M. (1999): Implantation et expansion geographique de deux especes de Columbides au Maroc: La Tourterelle turque Streptopelia decaocto et la Tourterelle maillee Streptopelia senegalensis. - Alauda 67 (1): 23-36.

Bergier, P., Franchimont, J., Thevenot, M. & la Commission d’homologation marocaine (2000): Les oiseaux rares au Maroc. Rapport de la Commission d’Homologation Marocaine. - Porphyrio 12 (6): 57-69.

Bibby, C.J., Burgess, N.D. & Hill, D.A. (1992): Bird census techniques. - Academic Press, London.

Biggs, R., Simons, H., Bakkenes, M., Scholes, R.J., Eickhout, B., Vuuren, D.V. & Alkemade, R. (2008): Scenarios of biodiversity loss in southern Africa in the 21st century. - Global Environmental Change 18 (2): 296-309.

Birdlife International (2004): Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12. - BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Blackburn, T.M. & Jeschke, J.M. (2009): Invasion success and threat status: two sides of a different coin? - Ecography 32 (1): 83-88.

Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P. & Lockwood, J.L. (2008): The island biogeography of exotic bird species. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 17 (2): 246-251.

Blondel, J. (1975): L’analyse des peuplements d’oiseaux - elements d’un diagnostic Ecologique: La methode des echantillonnages frequentiels progressifs (E.F.P.). - Revue d’Ecologie (La Terre et la Vie) 29 (4): 533-589.

Blondel, J., David, P., Lepart, J. & Romane, F. (1978): L’avifaune du Mont-Ventoux, essai de synthese biogeographique et ecologique. - Revue d’Ecologie (La Terre et la Vie) 32, Suppl.: 111-145.

Blondel, J., Ferry, C. & Frochot, B. (1981): Point counts with unlimited distance. - Studies in Avian Biology 6: 414-420.

Bonter, D.N., Zuckerberg, B. & Dickinson, J.L. (2010): Invasive birds in a novel landscape: habitat associations and effects on established species. - Ecography 33 (3): 494-502.

Brotons, L. & Herrando, S. (2001): Factors affecting bird communities in fragments of secondary pine forests in the north-western Mediterranean basin. - Acta Oecologica 22 (1): 21−31.

Cherifi, T. (2003): [Bird diversity of Tamentit oasis (central Sahara).] Oral presentation at 7th ornithological conference, 10 March 2003. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French)

Clergeau, P. & Vergnes, A. (2009): La Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri introduite en Ile-de-France: Dispersion et approche des impacts. - Report MNHN-ODBU, Paris.

Clergeau, P., Vergnes, A. & Delanque, R. (2009): La Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri introduite en Ile-de- France: Distribution et regime alimentaire. - Alauda 77 (2): 121-132.

Clouet, M. & Goar, J.L. (2003): L’avifaune de l’Adrar Tirharhar / Adrar des Iforas (Mali). - Alauda 71 (4): 469-474.

Doumandji, S. & Doumandji-Mitiche, B. (1992): Relations trophiques insects/oiseaux dans un parc du littoral algerois (Algerie). - Alauda 40 (4): 274-275.

Eraud, C., Boutin, J.-M., Roux, D. & Faivre, B. (2007): Spatial dynamics of an invasive bird species assessed using robust design occupancy analysis: the case of the Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) in France. - Journal of Biogeography 34 (6): 1077-1086.

Farina, A. (1995): Distribution and dynamics of birds in a rural sub-Mediterranean landscape. - Landscape and Urban Planning 31 (1/2/3): 269-280.

Fellous, A. (1990): [Contribution to the study of the avifauna of the national park of Theniet-El-Had (W. Tissemsilt).] Engineer dissertation. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French)

Fellous, A., Moulai, R. & Jacob, J.P. (2005): Introduction et nidification de la Perruche a collier (Psittacula krameri) en Algerie. - Aves 42 (3): 272-277.

Fujisaki, I., Pearlstine, E.V. & Mazzotti, F.J. (2010): The rapid spread of invasive Eurasian Collared Doves Streptopelia decaocto in the continental USA follows human-altered habitats. - Ibis 152 (3): 622-632.

Guezoul, O., Chenchouni, H., Sekour, M., Ababsa, L., Souttou, K. & Doumandji, S. (2013): An Avifaunal Survey of Mesic Manmade Ecosystems “Oases” in Algerian Hot-Hyperarid Lands. - Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 20 (1): 37-43.

Hadjiedj, A., Chaline, C., Dubois-Maury, J. & Djedouani, S. (2003): Alger, les nouveaux defis de l’urbanisation. - Ed. University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algiers.

Isenmann, P. & Moali, A. (2000): Oiseaux d’Algerie - Birds of Algeria. - French Society of Ornithological Studies, MNHN, Paris.

Isenmann, P., Gaultier, Th., El Hilli, A., Azafzaf, H., Dlensi, H. & Smart, M. (2005): Oiseaux de Tunisie - Birds of Tunisia. - French Society of Ornithological Studies, MNHN, Paris.

IUCN (2012): The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1 - [www.iucnredlist.org], 4/10/2012.

Julliard, R. & Jiguet, F. (2005): Statut de conservation en 2003 des oiseaux communs nicheurs en France selon 15 ans de programme Stoc. - Alauda 73 (4): 345-356.

Khuroo, A.A., Reshi, Z.A., Rashid, I. & Dar, G.H. (2011): Towards an integrated research framework and policy agenda on biological invasions in the developing world: A case-study of India. - Environmental Research 111 (7): 999-1006.

Ledant, J.-P., Jacob, J.-P., Jacobs, P., Malher, F., Ochando, B. & Roche, J. (1981): Mise a jour de l’avifaune algerienne. - Le Gerfaut-De-Giervalk 71: 295-398.

Lindenmayer, D.B. & Cunningham, R.B. (2011): Longitudinal patterns in bird reporting rates in a threatened ecosystem: Is change regionally consistent? - Biological Conservation 144 (1): 430-440.

Mack, R.N., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W.M., Evans, H., Clout, M. & Bazzaz, F.A. (2000): Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. - Ecological Applications 10 (3): 689-710.

MacLeod, R., Herzog, S.K., Maccormick, A., Ewing, S.R., Bryce, R. & Evans, K. (2011): Rapid monitoring of species abundance for biodiversity conservation: Consistency and reliability of the MacKinnon lists technique. - Biological Conservation 144 (5): 1374-1381.

Magurran, A.E., Baillie, S.R., Buckland, S.T., Dick, J.M., Elston, D.A., Scott, E.M., Smith, R.I., Somerfield P.J. & Watt, A.D. (2010): Long-term datasets in biodiversity research and monitoring: assessing change in ecological communities through time. - Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25 (10): 574-582.

Meddour-Sahar, O., Meddour, R. & Derridj, A. (2008): Analyse des feux de forets en Algerie sur le temps long (1876-2007). - Les Notes d’analyse du CIHEAM 39: 11.

Miles, J. (1998): Pharaoh’s Birds. A guide to ancient and present day birds in Egypt. - The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo.

Mostefai, N. (1997): [Test of ecological analysis of the avifauna of Moutas hunting reserve (Tlemcen, Algeria).] Oral presentation at 2nd ornithological conference, 15-17 March 1997. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French)

Moulai, R. (1997): [Composition, structure and dynamics of bird populations of Hamma Garden (Algiers) and essay for estimating populations of Commun starling Sturnus vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Aves, Sturnidae) in their dormitories.]

MSc thesis. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) NOM (2008): [Meteorological records of the National Office of Meteorology.] - Ed. National Office of Meteorology (NOM), Dar El-Beida, Algiers. (in French)

Normander, B., Levin, G., Auvinen, A.-P., Bratli, H., Stabbetorp, O., Hedblom, M., Glimskar, A. & Gudmundsson, A.G. (2012): Indicator framework for measuring quantity and quality of biodiversity - Exemplified in the Nordic countries. - Ecological Indicators 13 (1): 104-116.

Pithon, J.A. & Dytham, C. (1999): Census of the British population of Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri by simultaneous roost counts. - Bird Study 46 (1): 112-115.

Pithon, J.A. & Dytham, C. (2002): Distribution and population development of introduced Ring-necked Parakeets Psittacula krameri in Britain between 1983 and 1998. - Bird Study 49 (2): 110-117.

Santos, T., Tellerıia, J.L. & Carbonell, R. (2002): Bird conservation in fragmented Mediterranean forests of Spain: effects of geographical location, habitat and landscape degradation. - Biological Conservation 105 (1): 113-125.

Şekercioğlu, C.H. (2012): Promoting community-based bird monitoring in the tropics: Conservation, research, environmental education, capacity-building, and local incomes. - Biological Conservation 151 (1): 69-73.

Selmi, S. (2000): Donnees nouvelles sur les avifaunes des oasis du Sud Tunisien. - Alauda 68 (3): 201-212.

Si Bachir, A., Ferrah, F, Barbraud, C., Cereghino, R. & Santoul, F. (2011): The recent expansion of an avian invasive species (the Cattle Egret Ardea ibis) in Algeria. - Journal of Arid Environments 75 (11):1232-1236.

Sirami, C., Brotons, L., Burfield, I., Fonderflick, J. & Martin, J.-L. (2008): Is land abandonment having an impact on biodiversity? A meta-analytical approach to bird distribution changes in the north-western Mediterranean. - Biological Conservation 141 (2): 450-459.

Soh, M.C.K., Sodhi, N.S.S., Seoh, R.K.H. & Brook, B.W. (2002): Nest site selection of the house crow (Corvus splendens), an urban invasive bird species in Singapore and implications for its management. - Landscape and Urban Planning 59 (4): 217-226.

Strubbe, D. & Matthysen, E. (2007): Invasive Ringnecked Parakeets Psittacula krameri in Belgium: habitat selection and impact on native birds. - Ecography 30 (4): 578-588.

Strubbe, D. & Matthysen, E. (2009): Experimental evidence for nest-site competition between invasive ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula krameri) and native nuthatches (Sitta europaea). - Biological Conservation 142 (8): 1588-1594.

Suarez-Seoanea, S., Osborne, P.E. & Baudry, J. (2002): Responses of birds of different biogeographic origins and habitat requirements to agricultural land abandonment in northern Spain. - Biological Conservation 105 (3): 333-344.

Tamara, K. & Arnhem, R. (1996): Perruches a collier (Psittacula krameri) victimes des conditions climatiques en region bruxelloise. - Aves 33: 128-129.

Thevenot, M. (1991): Les oiseaux des forets de chene-liege du Maroc. pp. 197-233 In: Villemant, C. & Fraval, A. (eds.): La faune du Chene liege. - Actes Editions Inst. Agro. Vet. Hassan II, Rabat.

Voous, K.H. (1960): Atlas of European Birds. - Nelson, Amsterdam, London.

Acrocephalus

The Journal of Bird Watching and Bird Study Association of Slovenia - DOPPS Bird Life

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.112
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.268

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 87 87 9
PDF Downloads 27 27 3