Modeling and Analysis of Ground Settlement Between a Flyover and Reinforced Soil Embankment

Open access

Abstract

Development of the transport infrastructure in Poland has contributed to the implementation of various technologies of construction of bridges and their components. Use of reinforced soil for construction of embankments, retaining structures (RSS walls) and abutments is one of the solutions which has been frequently used for the past twenty years. Shortly after its development, the technology proposed by Henri Vidal in 1966 also gained appreciation in Poland [4]. Reinforced soil bridge abutments started to be widely used in Poland at the turn of the 20th century. The bridge facilities at the junction of Trasa Siekierkowska route and Wał Miedzeszyński Street in Warsaw, which were built in the years 2000÷2002, are an example of structures from that period. The authors of this paper have been particularly interested in the outermost supports of the reinforced concrete flyovers which were constructed in the form of intermediate reinforced soil abutments. Offsets – the vertical displacements, in the range of 15÷25mm, emerging between the level of the road surface and the steel elements of the expansion joints which separate the flyover’s structure from the embankment – were observed in 2015, in the course of regular inspections. While accounting for the observations which have been made, the surveying measurements and the ground investigation, the paper diagnoses and describes the mechanism which led to the emergence of the offsets. Potential patterns of the occurrence of additional settlements, as the reason for emergence of the offsets, were identified and analyzed. The settlement of the outermost support (abutment), as a result of increase of relative density of alluvial sands due to the dynamic interaction of the roadways of Wał Miedzeszyński Street, was analyzed. Analytical and numeric approaches were used in the course of analysis while relying on PLAXIS and MIDAS software.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. M. Bukowski P. Łysiak R. Oleszek W. Trochymiak “Reasons of Emergence of Differences in Soil Settlement between the Viaduct and the Embankment on Siekierkowska Route” Archives of Institute of Civil Engineering. Ed. Poznan University of Technology 24/2017 39-58 ISSN 1897-4007 DOI: 10.21008/j.1897-4007.2017.24.03 (in Polish).

  • 2. R. Ciesielski M. Maciąg „Road vibrations and their influence on buildings” Copyright by Wydawnictwo Komunikacji i Łączności Warszawa 1990. („Drgania drogowe i ich wpływ na budynki”) (in Polish).

  • 3. R. W. Day „Fundation Engineering Handbook” Copyright by Mc Graw-Hill Companies 2010 ISBN 978-0-07-174009-8.

  • 4. E. Dembicki “Approximate methods for determining the stress field in the ground in the limit state”. Zakład Narodowy Imienia Ossolińskich Wyd. PAN Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1969. („Przybliżone metody wyznaczania pola naprężeń w gruncie w stanie granicznym) (in Polish).

  • 5. K. Gwizdała A. Krasiński “Pile foundations calculations according to Eurocode 7 rules and local experiences” Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Architectura 15 (2) 2016 3–22 (“Fundamenty palowe obliczenia z zastosowaniem zasad Eurokodu 7 i doświadczeń krajowych”) (in Polish).

  • 6. A. Jarominiak “Light retaining structures” Copyright by Wydawnictwo Komunikacji i Łączności sp. z o.o. Warszawa 1999. ISBN 83-206-1280-2 („Lekkie konstrukcje oporowe”) (in Polish).

  • 7. M. Kosecki “Statics of pile structures” PZIiTB Szczecin 2006 (“Statyka ustrojów palowych” - in Polish).

  • 8. J. Lipiński „Foundations for machines” Copyright by Wydawnictwo Arkady Warszawa 1985 ISBN 83-213-3265-X („Fundamenty pod maszyny”) (in Polish).

  • 9. W. W. Sokołowski “Statika sypučej sredy” Gosudarstwiennoje Izdatielstvo Fizyko-Matematičeskoj Literatury Moskva 1960 (in Russian).

  • 10. A. Tejchman and others “Load Capacity and Settlement of Pile Foundations” Monograph Gdańsk University of Technology 2001 (“Nośność i osiadanie fundamentów palowych”) (in Polish).

  • 11. W. Trochymiak M. Bukowski P. Łysiak R. Oleszek and others „Settlement of bridge structures of the Siekierkowska Route over Wał Miedzeszyński Street” raport for Municipal Roads Management City of Warsaw Poland 2016 not published (“Osiadanie obiektów mostowych Trasy Siekierkowskiej nad Wałem Miedzeszyńskim” – dla Zarządu Dróg Miejskich Miasta Stołecznego Warszawy) (in Polish).

  • 12. MIDAS GTS NX Manuals Midas IT Co. Ltd 2016.

  • 13. PLAXIS 2D Manuals Plaxis bv Delft 2016.

  • 14. PN-B-03020:1981 Building land. Direct foundation of structures. Static calculations and design (Grunty budowlane. Posadowienie bezpośrednie budowli. Obliczenia statyczne i projektowanie) (in Polish).

  • 15. PN-B-03010: 1983 Retaining walls. Static calculations and design (Sciany oporowe. Obliczenia statyczne i projektowanie) (in Polish).

  • 16. PN-B-02482:1983 Foundations. Bearing capacity of piles and pile foundations (Fundamenty budowlane. Nośność pali i fundamentów palowych) (in Polish).

  • 17. PN-EN ISO 14688-1: 2006. Geotechnical investigation. Identification and classification of soil. Part 1: Identification and description. (Badania geotechniczne. Oznaczenia i klasyfikowanie gruntów. Część 1: Oznaczenia i opis) (in Polish).

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.80

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.304
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.866

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 86 86 16
PDF Downloads 78 78 11