The Classification of Mechanical Models of Road Pavements

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A review of mechanical models of road pavements in the form of a proposal of classification of these models is presented. It is assumed an autonomy of the following elements of pavement model: the models of structural layers, the subgrade model, the interlayer bonding models, including bonding of pavement structure with its subgrade, the models of external impacts on pavement layers, including load of heavy traffic, the models of pavement environment impacts on structural layers’ borders (lateral) and subgrade borders (including the lower one) – according to the selected criteria such as structural criterion, material criterion (physical criterion), dimension criterion and model scope (purpose) criterion − in the frame of assumptions of the classical Newtonian deterministic mechanics. The presented attempt to classify mechanical models of road pavements supports to orientate the roadmen community within a scope of the mechanistic modelling of these structures.

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