Shapes Of Energy-Active Segments Of Steel Buildings

Open access

Abstract

The study presents the summary of the knowledge of energy-active segments of steel buildings adapted to obtain electrical energy (EE) and thermal energy (TE) from solar radiation, and to transport and store TE. The study shows a general concept of the design of energy-active segments, which are separated from conventional segments in the way that allows the equipment installation and replacement. Exemplary solutions for the design of energy-active segments, optimised with respect to the principle of minimum thermal strain and maximum structural capacity and reliability were given [34]. The following options of the building covers were considered: 1) regular structure, 2) reduced structure, 3) basket structure, 4) structure with a tie, high-pitched to allow snow sliding down the roof to enhance TE and EE obtainment. The essential task described in the study is the optimal adaptation of energy-active segments in large-volume buildings for extraction, transportation and storage of energy from solar radiation.

References

  • 1 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Energy-active arch structures as roof covers (in Polish), 38 KN KILiW PAN i KN PZITB, Krynica 1992, pp. 47-52.

  • 2 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Structures spatiales energoactives, Int. Seminar on Structural Morphology, Montpellier 7-11.09.1992, France, pp. 370-378.

  • 3 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Energy-active spatial structures (in Polish), Inż. i Bud. 1/1993, pp. 3-5.

  • 4 Kowal Z., Malec M.: Steel energy-active girders as elements of load-carrying structures, Harmony with Nature, Ises Solar World Congress, Budapest 1993, pp.756-756.

  • 5 Kowal Z, Szychowski A.: Solar structures in the construction of halls, Solar World Congress, Budapest 1993.

  • 6 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Energy-active arch covers (in Polish), Inż. i Bud. 6/1994.

  • 7 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Solar structures in steel building construction (in Polish), Inż. i Bud. 9/1995, pp. 491-493.

  • 8 Kowal Z., Malec M.: Triple-chord energy-active girders with water transportation (in Polish), Conference materials „Budownictwo Ekologiczne”. Wydawnictwo Politechniki Częstochowskiej, Częstochowa 1995, pp.21-27.

  • 9 Kowal Z., Mirski J.Z.: Two-layer bar domes in the construction of warehouses and solar drying plants (in Polish), Konferencja Naukowo-Techniczna „Budownictwo ogólne”, Bydgoszcz, 12.06.2000, pp.73-80.

  • 10 Kowal Z., Szychowski A., Patent No. 166877 Spatial building structure for thermal energy extraction (in Polish), UP RP Warszawa 1995.

  • 11 Kowal Z., Szychowski A., Patent No. 168709 Building arch covers for thermal energy extraction (in Polish). UP RP Warszawa 1996.

  • 12 Kowal Z., Szychowski A., Patent No. 182933 Truss-purlin roof for thermal energy extraction (in Polish). UP RP Warszawa 2002.

  • 13 Kowal Z., Mirski J.Z., Patent P-339957, Two-layer bar dome covers for thermal energy extraction, UP RP Warszawa 2007.

  • 14 Szychowski A., Patent No. 202436 Flat roof for thermal energy extraction (in Polish), UP RP Warszawa 2009.

  • 15 Siedlecka M., Szychowski A.: Design of steel building cover from solid steel elements for thermal energy extraction (in Polish), Patent application PL405341A1 of 16.09.2013, BUP 20/2014, pp. 31-32.

  • 16 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R., Szychowski A.: Rigidity of hipped roof end bar structures with square meshes (in Polish), Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Rzeszowskiej Nr 276, Seria: Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska, Zeszyt 58, Nr 3/2011/II, pp. 249-256.

  • 17 Kowal Z.: Probabilistic optimisation of the capacity of steel columns of conventional steel buildings (in Polish), Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Rzeszowskiej Nr 283, Seria: Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska, Zeszyt 59, Nr 3/2012/II, pp. 185-192.

  • 18 Kowal Z., Otwinowska K., Szychowski A.: Rigidity of hipped roof end truss-purlin steel buildings adapted for thermal energy extraction from solar radiation (in Polish), Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Rzeszowskiej Nr 283, Seria: Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska, Zeszyt 59, Nr 3/2012/II, pp. 193-200.

  • 19 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R., Szychowski A.: Adaptation of steel buildings covered with a structure adapted for thermal energy extraction from solar radiation (in Polish), Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Rzeszowskiej Nr 283, Seria: Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska, Zeszyt 59, Nr 2/2012/II, pp. 431-438.

  • 20 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R.: Energy-active expansion segments of steel buildings with structural cover (in Polish), Budownictwo i Architektura, 2013, 12 (2), pp. 121-128.

  • 21 Otwinowska K., Piotrowski R.: Adaptation of selected steel buildings for thermal energy absorption from solar radiation (in Polish) in: Wybrane problemy naukowo-badawcze budownictwa i inżynierii środowiska, dr. inż. Andrzej Dzięgielewski (editor), Część IV Analiza energetyczna obiektów budowlanych oraz pozyskiwanie energii ze źródeł odnawialnych, 2013, pp. 281-292

  • 22 Kowal Z., Siedlecka M.: Energy-active segments of self-clearing cover of steel buildings (in Polish), Conference materials XXI Interdyscyplinarna Ogólnopolska Konferencja Naukowo-Techniczna “Ekologia a Budownictwo”, Bielsko-Biała, 10-12 Oct 2013, pp. 161-168.

  • 23 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R.: Energy-active segments of steel buildings covered with a regular basket structure (in Polish), Journal of Civil Engineering, Environment and Architecture, t. XXXII, z. 62 (2/15), April-June 2015, pp. 189-196.

  • 24 Brzezińska K., Kowal Z.: Temperature impact on kinematically admissible failure mechanisms of energy-active segments of steel buildings (in Polish), Konferencja Naukowo-Techniczna – Konstrukcje Metalowe ZK2014, Kielce-Suchedniów 2014, pp. 19-22.

  • 25 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R., Siedlecka M.: Secured energy-active segment of the steel building, covered with reduced structure with a tie (in Polish), Konferencja Naukowo-Techniczna – Konstrukcje Metalowe ZK2014, Kielce-Suchedniów 2014, pp. 36-39.

  • 26 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R.: Energy-active expansion segments covered with regular structure with a tie (in Polish), paper accepted for 60 KN KILiW PAN i KN PZITB, Krynica 2014.

  • 27 Brzezińska K., Siedlecka M.: Truss-purlin Covering Fitted for Obtaining Solar Energy, Conference materials TRANSCOM 2013, 10th European Conference of Young Researchers and Scientists, Section 7: Civil Engineering, Žilina 24-26 June 2013, pp. 19-22.

  • 28 Otwinowska K., Piotrowski R.: Comparison of roof rigidity for selected energy-efficient structures, Conference materials TRANSCOM 2013, 10th European Conference of Young Researchers and Scientists, Section 7: Civil Engineering, Žilina 24-26 czerwca 2013, pp. 225-228.

  • 29 Kowal Z., Piotrowski R., Siedlecka M.: Comparative analysis of the reliability of energy-active covers of hall segments, Conference materials II Międzynarodowa Polsko-Ukraińska Konferencja Naukowo-Techniczna Aktualne Problemy Konstrukcji Metalowych, Gdańsk 27-28.11.2014, pp. 123-126.

  • 30 Kowal Z.: The formation of space bar structures supported by the system reliability theory, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering Vol. XI, No. 1, 2011, pp. 115 – 133.

  • 31 Kowal Z.: Hazards associated with the load-bearing capacity of bar space structures during assembly and performance, Promysłowe Budiwnictwo Ta Inżenerni Sporudy 3/2011, pp. 34-40.

  • 32 Kowal Z.: Probabilistic optimisation of the bearing capacity of conventional hall coverings, Structure and Enviroment, 2011, 3, pp. 10-19.

  • 33 Kowal Z.: On Adjusting the Load Bearing Capacity of Decisive Members to Reliability Classes of Statically Determinate Complex Structures, Archives of Civil Engineering, Volume LIX, Issue 1, pp. 131–142.

  • 34 Kowal Z.: Instruments of probabilistic optimization of load bearing capacity and reliability of statically indeterminate complex structures, Archives of Civil Engineering, Volume LX, Issue 1, 2014, pp. 77–90.

  • 35 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Patent No. PL 215515 B1. Construction of nodes of trusses from closed square or rectangular sections (in Polish), decision of 25-06-2013.

  • 36 Kowal Z., Szychowski A.: Patent No. PL 219778 B1. Device for extraction and storage of thermal energy (in Polish), decision of. 12-11-2014.

  • 37 Chwieduk D.: Solar energy in a building (in Polish), Arkady, Warszawa 2011.

  • 38 Wołoszyn M. A.: Solar energy use in single-family houses (in Polish), Centralny Ośrodek Informacji Budownictwa, Warszawa 1991.

  • 39 PN-EN 1990: 2004 Eurocode. Basis of structural design.

  • 40 Kowal Z., Polak M., Szpila E., Wydra PP.: Spatial cover system “Zachód” (in Polish), Inżynieria i Budownictwo, 11/1976, pp. 421-424.

  • 41 Kowal Z., Polak M., Szpila E., Wydra PP.: Spatial bar covers of industrial buildings with spans of 18, 24, 30, 36m in accordance with the “Zachód” system (in Polish), Inżynieria i Budownictwo, 3/1977, pp. 82-82.

  • 42 PN-EN 1993-1-1:2006 Eurocode 3. Design of steel structures. Part 1-1. General rules and rules for buildings.

Archives of Civil Engineering

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.251
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.521

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 18 18 18
PDF Downloads 5 5 5