In this article, I seek to present a “metaphorology” of the shipwreck through a literary example. As Hans Blumenberg has noted, the shipwreck has served as a metaphor for the contingency of human existence in Western culture. Building on Blumenberg’s ideas, I argue that modernity heightens contingency and destroys the possibility of a coherent, anthropocentric discourse. For Quentin Meillassoux, the modern outlook exposes the contingency and inhumanity of reality. Building on Meillassoux and Blumenberg’s work, I address ideas pertaining to contingency and the metaphor of modernity-as-shipwreck by engaging with Dan Simmons’ historical novel, The Terror (2007), based on events surrounding the failed Franklin Expedition of 1845-48. The sinister, frozen wastelands of the Arctic figure as the limit of both European humanity and rationality. In Simmons’ novel, the traumatic encounter with cultural otherness conjures up visions of an implosion of colonial ambitions, as the crew members are gradually consumed by both the harsh environment and the ancient Inuit ice demon Tuunbaq and must confront the indifferent frozen wastes of a mythological, gothic North. Simmons’ gothic North Pole constitutes an example of “extro-science fiction,” situated beyond the limits of all knowledge.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Bergthaller, Hannes. “On Human Involution: Posthumanist Anthropology and the Question of Ecology in the Work of Hans Blumenberg and Niklas Luhmann.” New German Critique 43. 2 (128) (2016): 83-104.
Blumenberg, Hans. Shipwreck with Spectator. Paradigm of a Metaphor for Existence. Trans. Steven Rendall. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1985.
Carroll, Siobhan. “The Terror and the Terroir: The Ecological Uncanny in New Weird Exploration Narratives.” Paradoxa 28 (2016): 67-89.
Carroll, Siobhan. An Empire of Air and Water. Uncolonizable Space in the British Imagination, 1750-1850. Philadelphia, PA: Uof Pennsylvania P, 2015.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan: With Selected Variants from the Latin Edition of 1668. Ed. Edwin Curley. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1994.
Lanone, Catherine. “Monsters on the Ice and Global Warming: from Mary Shelley and Sir John Franklin to Margaret Atwood and Dan Simmons.” EcoGothic. Ed. Andrew Smith and William Hughes. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2013. 28-43.