Meiotic Studies in Some Members of Caryophyllaceae Juss. From the Western Himalayas

Open access

Meiotic Studies in Some Members of Caryophyllaceae Juss. From the Western Himalayas

The paper reports meiotic studies on 50 populations comprising 12 species belonging to 5 genera of Caryophyllaceae from the Western Himalayas. The chromosome numbers in Arenaria kashmirica (n=20), Silene conoidea (n=20), S. edgeworthii (n=12 and n=24), S. moorcroftiana (n=24), S. nepalensis (n=12), Stellaria media (n=13), S. monosperma (n=13) and S. semivestita (n=13) are reported for the first time. The chromosome numbers in Lychnis coronaria (n=12) and Silene vulgaris (n=24) are given for the first time from India, along with Gypsophilla ceratioides (n=15) from the Western Himalayas. The course of meiosis varies from normal to abnormal in different populations of Silene conoidea, S. edgeworthii, S. vulgaris, Stellaria media, S. monosperma and S. semivestita. The course of meiosis was abnormal in all studied populations of Lychnis coronaria. Abnormal microsporogenesis (cytomixis, chromosomal stickiness, unoriented bivalents, formation of laggards and bridges) led to reduced pollen fertility and differences in pollen grain size.

Aryavand A, and Favarger C. 1980. Contribution a Letude Cytotaxonomique des Caryophyllaceae de Iran. Publication. Biologie et Ecologic Meditrraneanne, Collation 7: 15-26.

Baltisberger M, and Baltisberger E. 1995. Cytological data of Albanian plants. Candollea 50(2): 457-493.

Baptista-Giacomelli FR, Pagliarini MS, and Almeida JL. 2000. Meiotic behavior in several Brazilian oat cultivars (Avena sativa L.). Cytologia 65: 371-378.

Bari EA. 1973. Cytological studies in the genus Silene L. New Phytologist 72: 833-838.

Bellucci M, Roscini C, and Mariani A. 2003. Cytomixis in pollen mother cells of Medicago sativa L. Journal of Heredity 94: 512-516.

Bertagnolle F, and Thomson JD. 1995. Gametes with the somatic chromosome number: Mechanisms of their formation and role in the evolution of autopolyploid plants. New Phytologists 129: 1-22.

Bir SS, and Sidhu M. 1980. Cyto-palynological studies on weed flora of cultivable lands of Patiala district (Punjab). Journal of Palynology 16: 85-105.

Blackburn KB. 1928. Chromosome number in Silene and the neighbouring genera. Verhandl. V. Inter. Kongress f. Vererbungsw. 439-446.

Blackburn KB, and Morton JK. 1957. The incidence of polyploidy in the Caryophyllaceae of Britain and of Portugal. New Phytologist 56: 344-351.

Chatterjee P. 1975. In Iopb chromosome number reports XLVIII. Taxon 24: 367-372.

Darlington CD, and Wylie AP. 1955. Chromosome Atlas of flowering Plants. George Allens & Unwin Ltd, London.

Degraeve N. 1980. Etude de diverses particularites caryotypiques des genres Silene, Lychnis et Melandrium. Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, ser. 2 53: 595-643.

Falistocco E, Tosti N, and Falcinelli M. 1995. Cytomixis in pollen mother cells of diploid Dactylis one of the origins of 2n gametes. Journal of Heredity 86: 448-453.

Fadaei F, Sheidai M, and Asadi M. 2010. Cytological study of the genus Arenaria L. (Caryophyllaceae). Caryologia 63(2): 149-156.

Favarger C. 1962. Nouvelles recherches cytologiques sur les Melastomatacees. Berichte der Schweizerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft 72: 290-305.

Fedorov ANA. 1974. Chromosome Number of Flowering Plants. Academy of Science of the USSR Komarov Botanical Institute, Leningrad.

Ghaffari SM, and Bidmeshkipwor A. 2002. Presence and behaviour of B-chromosomes in Acanthophyllum laxiusculun (Caryophyllaceae). Genetica 115(3): 319-323.

Ghaffari SM. 2006. Occurrence of diploid and polyploid microspores in Sorghum bicolor (Poaceae) is the result of cytomixis. African Journal Biotechnology 5: 1450-1453.

Gupta RC, Himshikha, Kumar P. and Dhaliwal RS. 2009. Cytological studies in some plants from cold deserts of India, Lahul and Spiti (Himachal Pradesh). Chromosome Botany 4: 5-11.

Hartman RL. 1974. Rocky Mountain species of Paronychia (Caryophyllaceae): A morphological, cytological and chemical study. Brittonia 26 (3): 256-263.

Hill LM. 1989. IOPB chromosome data 1. International Organization of Plant Biosystematists Newsletter 13: 17-19.

Horovitz A, and Dolberger R. 1983. The genetic basis of gender in Silene vulgaris. Heredity 51: 371-376.

Khatoon S, and Ali SI. 1993. Chromosome Atlas of the Angiosperms of Pakistan. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

Khoshoo TN. 1960. Basic chromosome numbers of Silene and Saponaria. Nature (London) 186: 412-413.

Kliphuis E, and Wieffering JH. 1979. In IOPB chromosome number reports LXIV. Taxon 28: 398-400.

Krasnikov AA, and Schaulo DN. 1990. Chromosome numbers in representatives of some families of vascular plants in the flora of the Novosibirsk region. II. Botaniczeskij Zhurnal 75: 118-120.

Kumar V, and Subramaniam B. 1986. Chromosome Atlas of Flowering Plants of the Indian Subcontinent, vol. I. Dicotyledones. BSI. Calcutta.

Lara Ruiz J. 1993. Mediterranean chromosome number reports 3 (204-216). Flora Mediterranea 3: 354-358.

Letz R, Uhríková A, and Májovský J. 1999. Chromosome numbers of several interesting taxa of the flora of Slovakia. Biologia 54: 43-49.

Lövkvist B, and Hultgård UM. 1999. Chromosome numbers in south Swedish vascular plants. Opera Botanica 137: 1-42.

Morton JK. 1993. Chromosome numbers and polyploidy in the flora of Cameroon Mountain. Opera Botanica 121: 159-172.

Natarajan G. 1988. Etude caryosystiématique de quelques dicotyledones de la Garrigue Languedocienne. Naturalia Monspeliensia 52: 85-123.

Nirmala A, and Rao PN. 1996. Genetics of chromosome numerical mosaism in higher plants. The Nucleus 39: 151-175.

Nishikawa T. 1985. Chromosome counts of flowering plants of Hokkaido (8). Journal of Hokkaido University of Education, Section IIB 35: 97-111

Petrova A, and Stoyanova K. 1998. Mediterranean chromosome number reports 8 (941-960). Flora Mediterranea 8: 251-262.

Sharma BD, and Balakrishnan NP. 1993. Flora of India, vol. II. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Sheidai M, and Bagheri-Shabestarei E-S. 2007. Cytomixis and unreduced pollen formation in some Festuca L. species of Iran. Caryologia 60: 364-371.

Sheidai M, and Fadael F. 2005. Cytogenetic studies in some Bromus L. species sec. Genea. Journal of Genetics 84: 189-194.

Sheidai M, and Nouroozi M. 2005. Cytological studies on some species of Bromus sect. Bromus. Botanica Lithuanica 11: 141-150.

Sheidai M, Bahmani F, Enayatkhani M, and Gholipour A. 2009. Contribution to cytotaxonomy of Silene: chromosome pairing and unreduced pollen grain formation in sec. Sclerocalycinae. Acta Biologica Szedgediensis 52(2): 87-92.

Sheidai M, Koobaz P, and Zehzad B. 2003. Meiotic studies of some Avena L. species and populations. Iranian Journal of Science 14: 121-131.

Sheidai M, Nikoo M, and Gholipour A. 2008. Cytogenetic variability and new chromosome number reports in Silene L. species (Sect. Lasiostemones, Caryophyllaceae). Acta Biologica Szedgediensis 52: 313-319.

Shildneck P, and Jones AG. 1986. Cerastium dubium (Caryophyllaceae) new for the Eastern Half on North America (A comparison with sympatric Cerastium species, including cytological data). Castanea 51(1): 49-55.

Sidhu M, and Bir SS. 1983. Karyological studies on weeds on cultivable lands in Punjab. India Tropical Plant Science Research 1: 1-13.

Slavik B, Jarolimova V. and Chrtek J. 1993. Chromosome counts of some plants from Cyprus. Candollea 48(1): 221-230.

Sugawara T, and Horri Y. 1999. Morphological and cytological variation and infraspecific taxa in Arenaria merckioides (Caryophyllaceae). Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 50 (1): 21-26.

Sugawara T, Horri Y, Kuhara T, and Hirata S. 2000. Morphological and cytological notes in Silene aomorensis M. Mizush. (Caryophyllaceae), a threatened species in Japan. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica. 50 (2): 139-146.

Trigas P, Iatrou G, and Karetsos G. 2007. Species diversity, endemism and conservation of the family Caryophyllaceae in Greece. Biodiversity Conservation 16: 357-376.

Villeux R. 1985. Diploid and polyploidy gametes in crop plants: Mechanisms of formation and utilization in plant breeding. In: Janick J [ed.], Plant Breeding Reviews, vol. 3. John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Vorsa N, and Bingham E. 1979. Cytology of 2n pollen formation in diploid alfalfa, Medicago sativa. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytolology 21: 525-530.

Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.491
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.787

CiteScore 2016: 0.51

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.242
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.264

Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 20 points

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 112 112 15
PDF Downloads 31 31 7