Secretory Structures of Subterranean Organs of Some Species of the Cardueae, and Their Diagnostic Value

Open access

Secretory Structures of Subterranean Organs of Some Species of the Cardueae, and Their Diagnostic Value

Secretory ducts and cavities of roots and rhizomes are typical features of the Cardueae tribe in the Asteraceae family. We used light microscopy to analyze the anatomy of the subterranean organs of 21 species of 13 genera of the Cardueae, with particular attention to the secretory system, interpreted in taxonomic terms. The anatomy of secretory ducts varied greatly. A new measurement quotient, C1 [length of epithelial cells (longitudinal section)] and C2 [length of adjacent cells (longitudinal section)] was established. Different types of ducts are described based on type of development and the size ratios among epithelial cells. Detailed anatomical descriptions of the ducts are given, together with their occurrence in particular taxa. The simultaneous presence of various secretory ducts within a single species and their spatial position relative to other prominent anatomical features provide valuable characters for discriminating the studied Cardueae species. These analyses are of particular interest for identification of herbal drugs as, besides chemical analytical techniques such as chromatographic fingerprinting, light microscopy is a common method for purity controls and thus required in official pharmacopeias.

References
  • Appezzato-da-Gloria B, Hayashi AH, Cury G, Soares MKM, and Rocha R. 2008. Occurrence of secretory structures in underground systems of seven Asteraceae species. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 789-796.

  • Bennici A, and Tani C. 2004. Anatomical and ultrastructural study of the secretory cavity development of Citrus sinensis and Citrus limon: evaluation of schizolysigenous ontogeny. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 199: 464-475.

  • Berger F. 1960. Handbuch der Drogenkunde. Erkennung, Wertbestimmung und Anwendung. V. Radices. Wilhelm Maudrich Verlag, Wien.

  • Bollschweiler M, Stoffel M, Schneuwly DM, and Bourqui K. 2008. Traumatic resin ducts in Larix decidua stems impacted by debris flows. Tree Physiology 28: 255-263.

  • Col MA. 1903. Recherches sur l'appareil sécréteur interne des composées. Journal de Botanique 17: 252-318.

  • Col MA. 1904. Recherches sur l'appareil sécréteur interne des composées (Suite). Journal de Botanique 18: 110-174.

  • Cury G, and Appezzato-da-Glória B. 2009. Internal secretory spaces in thickened underground systems of Asteraceae species. Australian Journal of Botany, 57, 229-239.

  • Evert R. 2006. Esau's Plant Anatomy, 3rd edition, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.

  • Fahn A. 1988. Secretory tissues in vascular plants. New Phytologist 108: 229-257.

  • Fischer MA, Oswald K, and Adler W. 2008. Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol. 3rd ed. Austria: OÖ Landesmuseen, Land Oberösterreich.

  • Fritz E. 2011. Comparative anatomical studies of medicinally used drugs of the Asteraceae and their possible adulterations. Dissertation. Vienna.

  • Gerlach S, Saukel J, Kubelka W. 2006. Pflanzen in der österreichischen Volksmedizin - die "Volksmed-Datenbank". SciPharm, 74, Suppl. 1: 36.

  • Hayashi HA, and Appezzato-da-Gloria B. 2007. Anatomy of the underground system in Vernonia grandiflora Less. and V. brevifolia Less. (Asteraceae). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 50: 979-988.

  • Hong WU, and Zheng-Hai HU. 1997. Comparative anatomy of resin ducts of the Pinaceae. Trees 11: 135-143.

  • Jeffrey C. 2007. Compositae. In: Kubitzki K [ed.], The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. VIII Flowering Plants-Eudicots, 61-77. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

  • Lauber K, and Wagner G. 2007. Flora Helvetica. 4th ed. Haupt Verlag, Bern.

  • Melo-de-Pinna G, and Menezes N. 2002. Vegetative organ anatomy of Ianthopappus corymbosus Roque and Hind (Asteraceae-Mutisieae). Revista Brasileira de Botânica 25: 505-514.

  • Melo-de-Pinna G, and Menezes N. 2003. Meristematic endodermis and secretory structures in adventitious roots of Richterago Kuntze (Mutisieae-Asteraceae). Revista Brasileira de Botânica 26: 1-10.

  • Nair MNB. 1995. Some notes on gum and resin ducts and cavities in angiosperms. In: Iqbal M [ed.], The Cambial Derivatives, 317-340. Gebr. Borntraeger, Berlin Stuttgart.

  • Oesterreichisches Arzneibuch (OEAB) (Pharmacopoea Austriaca). 2009. Wien: Verlag Österreich GmbH.

  • Pawłowski B, and Jasiewicz A. 1972 Flora Polska XIII. Polska Akademia Nauk, Warszawa.

  • Pickard W. 2008. Laticifers and secretory ducts: two other tube systems in plants. New Phytologist 177: 877-888.

  • Ragonese AM. 1988. Canales secretores en los organos vegetativos de Eupatorium inulaefolium H. B. K. (Compositae). Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense 7: 161-168.

  • Rodrigues TM, and Machado SR. 2009. Developmental and structural features of secretory canals in root and shoot wood of Copaifera langsdorfii Desf. (Leguminosae - Caesalpiniodeae). Trees 23: 1013-1018.

  • Saukel J. 1984. Pharmakobotanische Untersuchungen von Arzneidrogen II. Herba Epilobii. 6. Mitteilung. Scientia Pharmaceutica 52: 196-220.

  • Šarić-Kundalić B, Dobeš C, Klatte-Asselmeyer V, and Saukel J. 2010. Ethnobotanical survey of traditionally used plants in human therapy of east, north and north-east Bosnia and Herzegovina. Journal of Ethnopharmaco-logy. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.033.

  • Solereder H. 1908. Systematische Anatomie der Dicotyledonen. Verlag von Ferdinand Enke, Stuttgart.

  • Susanna A, and Garcia-Jacas N. 2007. Tribe Cardueae Cass. (1819). In: Kubitzki K [ed.], The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. VIII Flowering Plants-Eudicots, 123-146. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

  • Susanna A, and Garcia-Jacas N. 2009. Tribe Cardueae. In: Funk VA, Susanna A, Stuessy TF and Bayer RJ [eds.], Systematics and Evolution of the Compositae, 293-313. International Association for Plant Taxonomy Iapt, Vienna.

  • Szafer W, Kulczyński S, and Pawłowski B. 1976. Rośliny Polskie, 4th ed. Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa.

  • Upton R, Graff A, Jolliffe G, Laenger R, and Williamson E. 2011. American Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Botanical Pharmacognosy - Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines. CRC Press.

  • van Tieghem M. 1883. Sur la situation de l'appareil sécréteur dans les composées. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 30: 310-313.

  • van Tieghem M. 1884. Sur la situation de l'appareil sécréteur dans la racine des composées. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 31: 112-116.

  • van Vuillemin M. 1884. Remarques sur la situation de l'appareil sécréteur des composées. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 31: 108-110.

  • Wichtl Max 2009. Teedrogen und Phytopharmaka: ein Handbuch für die Praxis auf wissenschaftlicher Grundlage. 5th ed., Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart.

Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.491
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.787

CiteScore 2016: 0.51

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.242
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.264

Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 20 points

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 35 35 24
PDF Downloads 9 9 4