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Dorin Sarafoleanu and Raluca Enache

REFERENCES 1. Crowe HE. Injuries of the cervical spine. Paper presented at the meeting of the Western Orthopaedic Association. San Francisco, USA; 1928. 2. Cesarani A, Claussen CF, Alpini D. Whiplash: An Interdisciplinary Challenge. In: Cesarani A, Alpini DC, Boniver R, Claussen CF, Gagey PM, Magnusson L, et al. Whiplash Injuries. Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer-Verlag Mailand, Milano; 1996, p.3-12. 3. Jenkins A, Teasdale G, Hadley MD, Macpherson P, Rowan JO. Brain lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging in mild and severe head injuries

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Natalia A. Romanova, Alexander B. Zhirnov, Natalia A. Yust and Xu Fucheng

Abstract

The problem of determining the dependence of the chainsaw on the density of wood, substantiation of effective options for the number of chainsaws in the assortment and whiplash method of logging is quite relevant. In the Far East of Russia, in particular, in the Amur region, the forest growth conditions are different from the western ones, and therefore, the properties of the wood differ from the generally accepted ones. The article describes forest growth conditions that influence the properties of the wood in areas of the Amur region. Using the method of density determination, the density of larch, pine and birch were studied for first time in the areas of the region. The dependence of the density on humidity, age, species, season of the year and the area of growth was found out. The results of the research showed that under humidity of 70%, the density of larch was 1088.99 kg/m3, it was 919.8 kg/m3 for pine and it was for birch 915.9 kg/m3.

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Natalia A. Romanova, Alexander B. Zhirnov, Natalia A. Yust and Xu Fucheng

Abstract

In the system of logging machines, a factor such as the density of wood affects all components of the system. However this dependence can be more noticeable in the performance of wood felling, where logging machines have approximately the same saw body, such as a chain saw. In this regard, the problem of determining the dependence of the chainsaw on the density of wood, substantiation of effective options for the number of chainsaws in the assortment and whiplash method of logging is quite relevant. In the Far East of Russia, in particular, in the Amur region, the forest growth conditions are different from the western ones and therefore the properties of the woof differ from the generally accepted ones. The article describes forest growth conditions that influence the properties of the wood in areas of the Amur region. Using the method of density determination, the density of larch, pine and birch were studied first time in the areas of the region. The dependence of the density on humidity, age, species, season of the year and the area of growth was found out. The research results showed that in the Amur region at a humidity of 70% the density of larch varies from 745 to 1 089 kg m−3, pine from 435 to 1 081 kg m−3, birch from 403 to 878 kg m−3.

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B. Ushasree Reddy, Ranabir Pal, Amrita Ghosh, Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, Vishnu Vardhan Reddy and Amit Agrawal

concussion from head impact and whiplash in primates. Journal of biomechanics 1971;4:13-21. 8.Grimm RJ, Hemenway WG, Lebray PR, Black FO. The perilymph fistula syndrome defined in mild head trauma. Acta Oto-Laryngologica 1989;108:1-40. 9.Claussen C, Constantinescu L. Tinnitus in Whiplash Injury. The international tinnitus journal 1995;1:105. 10.Levine RA. Somatic (craniocervical) tinnitus and the dorsal cochlear nucleus hypothesis. American journal of otolaryngology 1999;20:351-362. 11.Baguley D, McFerran D

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Seyyed Abdollah Madani, Seyyed Abbas Hashemi and Seyyed Amirhosein Morshedzadeh

8. Radanov BP, Bicik I, Dvorak J, Antinnes J, von Schulthess GK, Buck A. Relation between neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings in patients with late whiplash syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999;66:485-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.66.4.485 PMid:10201421 PMCid:1736316 9. Schmand B, Lindeboom J, Schagen S, Heijt R, Koene T, Hamburger HL. Cognitive complaints in patients after whiplash injury: the impact of malingering. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998; 64:339-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.64.3.339 PMid:9527145 PMCid

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A.St. Iencean, A. Tascu and St. M. Iencean

, Dietrich WD, Bramlett H, Hayes RL, Wang M, Wang KK, Bullock MR. Acute diagnostic biomarkers for spinal cord injury: review of the literature and preliminary research report. World Neurosurg. 2015; 83(5):867-78. 4. Basu S, Hellberg A, Ulus AT, Westman J, Karacagil S. Biomarkers of free radical injury during spinal cord ischemia. FEBS Lett. 2001, 9; 508(1):36-8. 5. Guéz M, Hildingsson C, Rosengren L, Karlsson K, Toolanen G. Nervous tissue damage markers in cerebrospinal fluid after cervical spine injuries and whiplash trauma. J Neurotrauma

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Jing-guang Qian, Yang Su, Ya-wei Song, Ye Qiang and Songning Zhang

model of upper limb Whiplash movement. Journal of Beijing Sport University. 27, 1202-1205. Liu, Y. Z. (1987). Dynamics of vertical jumping motion of human body. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University. 3, 93-98. Qian, J. G. (2006). Design of a software for multi-body system dynamics simulation of human body plan motion movement. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Physical Education (Natural Science). 5, 1-9. Shi, J. F., Wang, C. J., Laoui, T., Hart, W., and Hall, R. (2007). A dynamic

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Lars Uhrenholt, Lene Warner Thorup Boel and Asser Hedegaard Thomsen

helmeted and unhelmeted oblique impact tests. Traffic Inj Prev 2013; 14(5):501-508. [27] Macpherson A, Spinks A. Bicycle helmet legislation for the uptake of helmet use and prevention of head injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;(3):CD005401. [28] Siegmund GP. What occupant kinematics and neuromuscular responses tell us about whiplash injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2011; 36(25 Suppl):S175-S179. [29] Jensen JS. Hjelmrapport - Brug af hjelm 2013. 2014. Copenhagen, Denmark, Rådet for Sikker Trafik. [30] Robinson DL. No clear evidence from

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Agnieszka Mackiewicz, Grzegorz Sławiński, Tadeusz Niezgoda and Romuald Będziński

), Experimental researches of safety of armoured personnel carrier crew during collision with obstacle, T he Archives of Automotive Engineering , 61, 87-96. 10. Ivancic, P.C., Pearson, A.M., Panjabi, M.M., Ito, S . (2004), Injury of the anterior longitudinal ligament during whiplash simulation, European Spine Journal , 13(1), 61–68. 11. Krzystała E., Mężyk A., Kciuk S. (2011a), Analysis of the influence of the blast on wheeled military vehicle and their crew, Fast Tracked Vehicles, 28(2), 99-110. 12. Krzystała E., Mężyk A., Kciuk S. (2011b), Analysis of

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Al. Tascu, St.M. Iencean and A.St. Iencean

after thoracoabdominal aortic operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001;122(5):1019-20. 8. Basu S, Hellberg A, Ulus AT, Westman J, Karacagil S. Biomarkers of free radical injury during spinal cord ischemia. FEBS Lett. 2001, 9; 508(1):36-8. 9. Guéz M, Hildingsson C, Rosengren L, Karlsson K, Toolanen G. Nervous tissue damage markers in cerebrospinal fluid after cervical spine injuries and whiplash trauma. J Neurotrauma. 2003; 20(9): 853-8. 10. Loy DN1, Sroufe AE, Pelt JL, Burke DA, Cao QL, Talbott JF, Whittemore SR. Serum biomarkers for experimental