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E. A. Artemieva, A. V. Mishchenko and D. K. Makarov

References Artemieva, E. A., Muraviev, I. V. 2012 a. By studying the history of the variability of plumage color “yellow” wagtails (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae): from N. A. Zarudny until today. Proceedings of the international conference “Terrestrial vertebrates arid ecosystems”, dedicated to the memory of N. A. Zarudny (October 24-27, 2012, Tashkent). Chinor ENK , Tashkent, 24-34 [In Russian]. Artemieva, E. A., Muraviev, I. V. 2012 b. Sympatry of “yellow” wagtails (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae

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E. A. Artemieva, A. V. Mishchenko and D. K. Makarov

References Artemieva, E. A., Muraviev, I. V. 2012 a. By studying the history of the variability of plumage color “yellow” wagtails (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae): from N. A. Zarudny until today. Proceedings of the international conference “terrestrial vertebrates arid ecosystems”, dedicated to the memory of N. A. Zarudny (October 24-27, 2012, Tashkent). Chinor ENK , Tashkent, 24-34 [In Russian]. Artemieva, E. A., Muraviev, I. V. 2012 b. Sympatry of “yellow” wagtails (Passeriformes, Motacillidae, Motacillinae

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I. V. Muraviev and E. A. Artemieva

References Abdusalyamov, I. A. Birds. - Dushanbe : Th e Academy of Sciences of the Tajik SSR, 1973. - (Th e fauna of the Tajik SSR; Vol. 19, part 2). - P. 343-345. - Russian : Абдусалямов И. А. Птицы. Bakhtadze, G. B. Distribution of gray- (M. fl ava L.) and black- (M. feldegg Mick) yellow wagtails in the south of the European part of the USSR // Proceedings of the North Caucasus Research Centre of higher education. Science Series. - Rostov-on-Don, 1987. - 11 p. - Dep. in VINITI 18.08.87, N 1921. - Russian : Бахтадзе Г. Б

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Marcin Polak

. Busse P., Halastra G. 1981. The autumn migration of birds on the Polish Baltic coast . Acta orn. 18: 167-290. Cramp S. (Ed.) 1988. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. vol. 5. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford. Dougall T. W., Appleton G. F. 1989. Winter weights and age structure of a population of Pied Wagtails at a southern Scotland roost . Ring. & Migr. 10: 83-88. Fjeldså J. 1977. Sex and age variation in wing-length in the

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Peter Sackl

References A lström P., M ild K. (2003): Pipits and Wagtails of Europe, Asia and North A merica.–Christopher Helm, London. B arthel P. (1990): Hinweise zur Bestimmung der Zitronenstelze Motacilla citreola . – Limicola 4: 149–182. D ervović I. (2014/16): Prvi nalaz limunaste pastirice (Motacilla citreola) u Bosni i Hercegovini.– Bilten – Mreže postmatrača ptica u Bosni i Hercegovini 10/12: 140–142. H adarics T., P ellinger A. (1993): Recent occurrence of the Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola) in Hungary. – Aquila 80: 303

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Botond J. Kiss, Vasile Alexe, Alexandru C. Doroşencu, Tănase Ceico, Nimrod B. Kiss and Mihai E. Marinov

Hungarian specimen of a Black-coloured Egret as Western Reef Egret (Egretta gularis). - Aquila 105/106: 35-40. Meissner W., Skakuj M. (1997): First broods of the Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola in Poland and changes in the species breeding range in Europe. - Notatki Ornitologiczne 38 (1): 51-60. Munteanu I. (1996): Soils of the Romanian Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. - Evers Litho & Druk, Almere. Munteanu D. (coord.) (2002): Atlasul păsărilor clocitoare din România. - Publicaţiile Societăţii Ornitologice Române 16, Cluj

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Luka Božič and Damijan Denac

riparia )-Populationen. – Vogelwelt 99: 161–176. L einonen M. (1974): The White Wagtail Motacilla alba as a semi-hole-nester. – Ornis Fennica 51 (2): 110–116. L ibois R. (1997): Kingfisher Alcedo atthis . pp. 434–435 In: H agemeier W. J. M., B lair M. J. (eds.): The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds. Their Distribution and Abundance. – T & A D Poyser, London. L orenz A. W., J ähnig S. C., H ering D. (2009): Remeandering German lowland streams: qualitative and quantitative effects of restoration measures on hydromorphology and

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Dejan Đapić and Thomas Oliver Mérő

Abstract

Grasslands host a high diversity of plant and animal species. In Serbia, most alkali grasslands are located in the province of Vojvodina. The majority are not subject to conservation. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the proportion of croplands and (1) the number of breeding species and (2) the number of breeding pairs in the alkali grasslands of the upper Mostonga River catchment basin (NW Serbia). The size of the study area was 400 ha. Birds were surveyed along seven parallel transects eight times per breeding season. Lengths of the cross sections of both grasslands and croplands were measured. The proportion of croplands per transect was calculated by dividing the total length of cross sections of croplands by the total length of transect. The relationship between the proportion of croplands and the number of breeding pairs and the number of breeding species, respectively, was studied using simple linear regression. We recorded a total of 171 nesting pairs belonging to 23 species in the alkali grassland investigated, with breeding densities between 2.2 and 10.3 pairs per 10 ha. The number of species per transect ranged between 6 and 11. The most abundant species were Skylark Alauda arvensis, Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava and Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra. The numbers of breeding pairs (F6 = 21.761, P < 0.0001) and of breeding species (F6 = 13.758, P = 0.001) were both influenced negatively by the proportion of croplands. These findings highlight the need for coordinated conservation measures on the alkali grasslands of Vojvodina.

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I. V. Nebogatkin

Abstract

Birds as the Feeders of Ticks (Acari, Ixodida) in Megalopolis of Kyiv. Nebogatkin, I. V. - Data about ticks parasitizing on birds in the city of Kyiv were summarized. 117 birds and 27 nests were examined. Ticks were found on six species collecting food on the ground level: Great Tit (Parus major), White Wagtail (Motacilla alba), Rook (Corvus frugilegus), blackbird (Turdus merula), and Nuthatch (Sitta europaea). 56 Ixodidae specimens of four species from two genera were collected from the birds and their nests: Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758); I. arboricola Schulze et Schlottke, 1930; I. lividus (Koch, 1844), Haemaphysalis concinna Koch, 1844. Th e role of birds as feeders of all developmental stages of ticks not only increases under conditions of urban landscape, but also becomes leading in the places with low population of small mammals. Ectoparasites of birds of the other taxonomic groups along with the ticks can play an important role in maintaining the circulation of pathogens of various aetiologies in the urban landscapes.

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Matjaž Kerček

Gnezdilke Kopenskega dela Zadrževalnika Medvedce (SV Slovenija)