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M. Skrzypczak and L. Rolbiecki

(Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea) in turbot and brill from British coastal waters. J Mar Biol Ass UK 48: 335-340. Dyková I, Figueras A ( 1994 ) Histopathological changes in turbot Scophthalmus maximus due to a histophagous ciliate. Dis Aquat Organ 18: 5-9. Dzika E, Wyżlic I ( 2009 ) Fish parasites as quality indicators of aquatic environment. Zool Pol 54: 59-65. Evans JD ( 1996 ) Straightforward statistics for the behavioral sciences, 1st ed. Broads/Cole Publishing, Pacific Grove. FAO ( 2010-2015 ) Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Fishery

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D. V. Yelnikov and A. N. Khanaychenko

. Ì. Ê àíàòîìèè ÷åðíîìîðñêèõ êàìáàëîîáðàçíûõ (Pleuronectiformes). Khanaychenko A. N., Giragosov V. E., Yelnikov D. V., Danilyuk O. N. Pigmentation anomalies in the Black Sea turbot Psetta (= Scophthalmus) maxima maeotica (Pleuronectiformes: Scophthalmidae) // Morskiy Ekologichny Zhurnal. - 2008. - 7 , N 2. - P. 87-95 - Russian : Õàíàé÷åíêî À. Í., Ãèðàãîñîâ Â. Å., Åëüíèêîâ Ä. Â., Äàíèëþê Î. Í. Àíîìàëèè ïèãìåíòàöèè ÷åðíîìîðñêîé êàìáàëû êàëêàíà Psetta (= Scophthalmus) maxima maeotica (Pleuronectiformes: Scophthalmidae). Whetzel P. L

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Mona Stancheva, Diana A. Dobreva and Bistra Galunska

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to determine and to compare the content of retinol, cholecalciferol and alpha-tocopherol in edible tissue of two Black sea fishes - Garfish (Belone belone) and Turbot (Psetta maxima). All-trans-retinol (vitamin A), cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) were analyzed simultaneously using HPLC/UV/FL system (Thermo Scientific Spectra SYSTEM) equipped with RP analytical column. The mobile phase was composed of 97:3 = MeOH:H2O. Retinol and cholecalciferol were monitored by UV detection at lmax = 325 nm and lmax = 265 nm, respectively. Alpha-tocopherol was detected by fluorescence at lex=288 nm and lem=332 nm. The sample preparation procedure includes alkaline saponification, followed by liquid-liquid extraction. Quantities of all-trans-retinol and cholecalciferol were higher in garfish tissues while alpha-tocopherol content in turbot showed seven times higher values.

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Aurelia Totoiu and Neculai Patriche

://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15074879. Dumitrescu E., 1993. Tumeur signalee chez le turbot Scophthalmus maeoticus (Pallas, 1831) du littoral roumain de la mer noire. Recherches Marines, INCDM, Constanta, 26: 139-142. Dumitrescu E., Telembici A., Zaharia T., 1998. Pathology of interest organisms for the development of Mariculture at the Romanian seaside. ACVAROM’98, Galati, 313-315. Gaevskaya A.V., Kovaleva A.A., 1975. Bolezni promislovih rib Atlantiscego Okeana. Atlant. NIRO 1-125. Lester R.J.G., 1984. A review of methods for estimating

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E. V. Gladilina and P. E. Gol’din

bottlenose dolphin. - Lippincott, 1972. - 157 p. - Russian : Колдуэлл Д., Колдуэлл М. Мир бутылконосого дельфина. Egerman, F. F. Resource of turbot in the Black Sea // Rybnoye Khozyaistvo SSSR. - 1936. - 6 . - P. 18-20. - Russian : Егерман Ф. Ф. Сырьевая база камбалы в Чёрном море. Gladilina, E. V. Observations of cetaceans (Cetacea) in the waters of Karadag Nature Reserve and the adjacent waters. 2010 // Scientifi c Notes of Taurida V. I. Vernadsky National University. Ser. Biol., Chemistry. -2012. - 25 ( 64 ), N 2. - Р. 51-59. - Russian

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Albena Merdzhanova, Mona Stancheva and Lubomir Makedonski

Abstract

The fatty acid compositions of three Black Sea fish species turbot (Pseta maxima), red mullet (Mullus barbatus ponticus) and garfish (Belone belone) were investigated. This species are considered as preferred for consumption in Bulgaria. Lipid extraction was done according to the Bligh and Dyer method. The fatty acid composition was determined by GC/MS. The saturated fatty acids amounts were 38.32 % for turbot, 35.44 % red mullet and 42.90% for garfish. Monounsaturated fatty acids were found in lowest level in comparison with other groups for garfish (23.65%) and turbot (24.85%) while for red mullet they have a highest value - 37.56%. Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as eicosapentaenoic (C 20:5 omega 3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic (C 22:6 omega 3, DHA) acids were found in highest levels in turbot (22.26%) and garfish (21.80%) and in lowest values of red mullet (9.35%). The results showed that the fish examined are good source of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, resulting in a very favourable omega 3 / omega 6 ratios, especially in turbot and garfish

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E. Borzym, T.A. Karpińska and M. Reichert

glanis ). Zen Vet B 36: 333-336. Ariel E, Tapiovaara H, Olesen NJ ( 1999 ) Comparison of pike-perch ( Stizostedion lucioperca ), cod ( Gadus morhua ) and turbot ( Scophthalmus maximus ) iridovirus isolates with reference to other piscine and amphibian iridovirus isolates. European Association of Fish Pathologists, VIII. International Conference on Diseases of Fish and Shellfish, Rhodes, Greece, 20-24 September. Bigarre L, Cabon J, Baud M, Pozet F, Castric J ( 2008 ) Ranaviruses associated with high mortalities in catfish in France. Bull Eur Assoc Fish

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Victor Nicolae Nita, Magda-Ioana Nenciu and Carmen Georgeta Nicolae

., 33:293-299. Meske C.P.B., 1985. Fish aquaculture: Technology and experiments. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 209. Muir J., Roberts, R., 1993. Recent Advances in Aquaculture IV. Blackwell Scientific, 340 pp. Niță Victor, Zaharia Tania, Maximov Valodea, Nicolae Carmen, 2011. Obtaining the necessary living food for rearing the turbot (Psetta maxima maeotica) in its early life stages. Scientic papers, Animal science, Bucharest, Seria D, Vol. LIV, 225-230. Pillay T.V.R., 1990. Aquaculture Principles and Practices

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L.S. Krayushkina, A.A. Gerasimov, A.A. Kirsanov, M.V. Mosyagina and A. Ogorzałek

-12. ROMEYS B. 1953: Microscopic technique (Translated by Russian. Ed. I.I. Sokolov)//Moscow: Foreign literature. 718 pp. (in Russian) TYTLER P. 1988: Morphology of the pronephros of the juvenile brown trout, Salmo trutta. J. Morphol., 195: 189-204. TYTLER P., IRELAND J., FITCHES E. 1996: A study of the structure and function of the pronephros in the larvae of the turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and the herring (Clupea harengus). Mar. Fresh. Behav. Physiol., 28: 3-18. VIZE P.D., SEUFERT D.W., CAROLL, T.J., WALLINGFORD J.B. 1997

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Victor Tosin Okomoda, Lateef Oloyede Tiamiyu and Matins Iortim

., Trinh, D., Pham, T., (2006): Local fish farming practices and a typology of farms based on organic matter intake management. V. Porphyre Nguyen Que Coi. Pig Production Development, Animal-Waste Management and Environment Protection: a Case Study in Thai Binh Province, Northern Vietnam, CIRADPRISE publications, pp.107-125. Pichavant, K., Pearson-Le-Ruyet, J., Le Bayon, N., Severe, A., Le Roux, A., Beouf, G. (2001): Comparative effects of long-term hypoxia on growth, feeding and oxygen consumption in juvenile turbot and European sea bass. J. Fish Biol. 59: 875