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Towards a Typology of Dimensions of the Continuity and Discontinuity of Law: The Perspective of Polish Private Law after the 1989 Transformation

Wilhemsson (ed), Private Law and the Many Cultures of Europe (Kluwer 2007) 94-99. Mańko R, ‘Legal Survivals: A Conceptual Tool for Analysing Post- Transformation Continuity of Legal Culture’ in Janis Rozelfelds (ed), The Effectiveness of Law in Post-modern Society (Latvia University Press 2015). Mańko R, ‘Prawo użytkowania wieczystego jako pozostałość po epoce realnego socjalizmu - ujęcie socjologicznoprawne’ (2017) 17.1 Zeszyty Prawnicze 33. Mańko R, ‘The Unification of Private Law in Europe from the Perspective of Polish

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A Template For Enhancing The Impact of The National Academy of Sciences’ Reporting on Forensic Science

Introduction DNA technology – when applied properly – provides the criminal justice system with a highly reliable identification method, which can be used to both convict and exonerate individuals. At the same time, however, this capacity of DNA technology undermines various forensic science identification techniques, including tool-mark, fingerprint, and bite-mark analysis, which the criminal justice system has routinely admitted as evidence for decades. See, in general , Paul C. Giannelli, Forensic Science: Under the Microscope 34 Ohio N. U. L. Rev

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Politics and Constitutional Law: A Distinction without a Difference?

in the way of government economic regulation. As a result, the Court-packing Plan quietly faded away. The tools that Owen Roberts and his colleagues employed in exercising “judgement” are familiar to all legal professionals. They include exploration of the language of the Constitution and the intentions of those who wrote it; previous decisions of the courts on the same or similar issues – legal precedent; and respect for canons of judicial behaviour that ensure that courts do not not usurp powers assigned to other branches of government. In contrast to the

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A Legacy Diminished: President Obama and the Courts

this ‘tradition,’ as described by Ted Cruz, was misleading. Linda Qui, Fact-checking Claims About the 80-Year SCOTUS Nomination ‘Tradition’ , Politifact , (Feb. 17, 2016 at 3.31 PM), https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2016/feb/17/misleading-notion-supreme-court-vacancy-hasnt-been/ The reality was that the Supreme Court was too important an institution and political prize for McConnell to allow Obama to further impose his imprint on the court without using all the tools at his disposal to obstruct the sitting president. McConnell’s justification

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Using Patent Development, Education Policy and Research and Development Expenditure Policy to Understand Differences Between Countries – The Case of Estonia and Germany

.06.2019 European Commission. Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Projects Economic appraisal tool for Cohesion Policy 2014–2020. [online]. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/cba_guide.pdf Accessed: 14.06.2019 European Patent Office. Cost of a Unitary Patent . [online]. Available at: https://www.epo.org/law-practice/unitary/unitary-patent/cost.html Accessed: 14.06.2019 European Patent Office. Patents and the Fourth Industrial Revolution . [online]. Available at: http

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Basic Income—an early Icelandic experiment**

Soviet authorities as a very important and useful ideological tool to demonstrate the intellectual superiority of the Soviet communist regime over the decadent West.” See ( Cristol 2019 ) Iceland was opening up to new ideas and trends from abroad, as many journalists from abroad visited Reykjavík to cover the tournament, which in turn increased interest in Iceland internationally, along with the curiosity of Icelanders regarding foreign affairs. A new government established a committee to revise the tax system. The committee delivered a detailed report in 1973. The

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Article 7 TEU: From a Dormant Provision to an Active Enforcement Tool?

Abstract

For a long time considered, improperly, a sort of ‘nuclear’ option, Article 7 TEU is the key EU Treaty provision in the field of values enforcement. In the context of the Union’s current rule of law crisis, such a provision deserves the greatest attention, especially after the European Commission’s proposal in December 2017 to trigger the procedure against Poland, under Article 7(1) TEU. This article contributes to understandings of the provision by reviewing its main features and contextualising its deployment in the general Polish rule of law crisis, with the aim of evaluating whether it can now be considered as an operational instrument for values enforcement. Although the Commission’s (late) decision to activate the Article 7(1) TEU procedure should be welcomed as a major effort in restoring the rule of law within the European Union, the (perceived and real) limits of Article 7 TEU and the inertia of the EU institutions cast a shadow over the procedure’s effective implementation.

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Cleaning the Muck of Ages from the Windows into the Soul of Tax

system. In doing that, some basic ideas of Marx such as the labor theory of value, surplus value and capital, and the state as a band of hostile brothers can then become tools for a further dialectical examination of the income tax system, taking various areas of that system and, using Marx’s concepts, abstracting them to better understand them and the system of which they are a part, capitalism. John Passant, Some Basic Marxist Concepts To Help Understand Income Tax , 27 J. J URIS . 263 (2015). The tax system is under constant pressure for reform. Fleur Anderson

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