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Radosław Gola, Czesław Urbanik, Dagmara Iwańska and Anna Madej

References 1. bartkowiak E., skład A., Witkowski M., From investigations over the meaning of strength in the swimming [in Polish]. Sport Wyczynowy , 1968, 8, 7–10. 2. bober T., Pietraszewski b., strenght of muscle groups in swimmers. Biol Sport , 1996, 13, 155–164. 3. bartkowiak E., The swimming sport [in Polish]. cOs, Warszawa 1999. 4. costill D.L., King D.s., Workout evaluation. Swimming Tech , 1983, August–October, 24–27. 5. Johnson r.E., sharp r.L., Hedrick c.E., relationship of swimming power and dry land power to sprint freestyle

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Ľubomíra Benčuriková and Matúš Putala

Exerc. 39:1474-80. Doi:10.1249/mss.0b013e3180d099ad [PubMed]. 5. GOODMAN, M. & S. HAYS, 2009. Asthma and Swimming: A Meta-Analysis. Pages 639-647. Published online: 02 Jul 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770900802165980 6. KOVÁČOVÁ, E. & H. MEDEKOVÁ, 2006. Diferenciácia výskytu funkčných porúch pohybového systému s rôznym programom pohybovej aktivity u detských alergikov. In Vybrané aspekty pohybovej aktivity. Zborník prác Vega 1/2512/05. Bratislava: Peter Mačura - PEEM, pp. 81-87. 7. LABUDOVÁ, Jana, 2011. Úroveň

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Marek Strzała, Piotr Krężałek, Marcin Kaca, Grzegorz Głąb, Andrzej Ostrowski, Arkadiusz Stanula and Aleksander Tyka

References Bixler BS. Resistance and propulsion . In Stager JM and Tanner DA. (eds.): Swimming. Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science. Blackwell Science Ltd. Massachusetts. 2005; 96 Falk B, Lidor R, Lander Y, Lang B. Talent identification and early development of elite water-polo players: a 2-year follow-up study. J Sport Sci, 2004; 22, 347-355 Gerard ES, Caiozzo VJ, Rubin BD, Prietto CA, Davidson DM. Skeletal muscle profiles among elite long, middle, and short distance swimmers. Am J Sports Med

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Jerzy Sadowski, Andrzej Mastalerz, Wilhelm Gromisz, Ewa Jówko and Mariusz Buszta

Literature 1. Hill A.V. (1938). The heat of shortening and the dynamic constants of muscle. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 126(843), 136-195. 2. Barbosa T.M., Fernandes R.J., Keskinen K.L., Vilas-Boas J.P. (2008). The influence of stroke mechanics into energy cost of elite swimmers. European Journal of Applied Physiology 103(2), 139-49. 3. Barbosa T.M., Bragada J.A., Reis V.M., Marinho D.A., Carvalho C., Silva A.J. (2010). Energetics and biomechanics as determining factors of swimming performance: updating the state of the art

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Marcel Răsădean

References 1. http://www.timisoara.inot-masters.ro/club_informatiigenerale-despre-miscarea-masters/ , accessed on august 18, 2017. 2. http://archives.fina.org/database/main/tabulations.php , accesed on august 20-26, 2017. 3. Tanaka H., Seals D. (1997). Age and gender interactions in physiological functional capacity: insight from swimming performance , Journal of applied physiology, 82 (3), 846-851. 4. Hartley A., Hartley J. (1986). Age differences and changes in sprint swimming performances of masters athletes , Experimental aging

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Dan Ionuț Pîrjol, Marcel Răsădean and Petre Baniaș

References 1. Baniaş P. (2006). Curs Înot , Editura Universității de Vest Timişoara. 2. Cardon G., Verstraete S., Clercq D., Bourdeaudhuij I. (2004). Physical activity levels in elementary-school physical education: a comparison of swimming and non swimming classes. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education . (23) 3: 252–263. 3. Chase N.L., Sui X., Blair S.N. (2008). Comparison of the health aspects of swimming with other types of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle habits. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education , 2

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Nikoletta Nagy, Csaba Ökrös and Csaba Sós

://musz.hu Malina, R.M. (1994). Physical growth and biological maturation of young athletes. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 22, 389-434. Medic, N., Starkes, J.L., & Young, B.W. (2007). Examining relative age effects on performance achievement and participation rates of Masters athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 1377-1384. Medic, N., Young, B.W., & Medic, D. (2011). Participation-related relative age effects in Masters swimming: A 6-year retrospective longitudinal analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(1), 29-36. Musch, J., & Hay, R. (1999

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Krystyna Zatoń and Stefan Szczepan

References Adams, J. (1971). A closed-loop theory for motor learning. Journal of Motor Behavior , 3, 111-150. Annesi, J.J. (1998). Effects of computer feedback on adherence to exercise. Perceptual and Motor Skills , 87, 723-730. Craig, A., Skehan, P., Pawelczyk, J., et al. (1985). Velocity, stroke rate and distance per stroke during elite swimming competition. Med Sci Sports Exerc , 17:625-34. Craig, A.B. Jr, Pendergast, D.R. (1979). Relationships of stroke rate, distance per stroke

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Fabiana Martinescu-Bădălan and Ramona-Elena Herman

References [1] M. Bíró, L. Révész, P. Hidvégi, 2015, Swimming History Technique Teaching, EKC Líceum Press, Kelet-Magyarországon, p.22 [2] M. Bíró, L. Révész, P. Hidvégi, 2015, op.cit., p.26 [3] Dalton F. E. And Dalton L. C., 2006 Swimming Scientifically Taught A Practical Manual for Young and Old, [EBook #19065], ISO-8859-1, http://manybooks.net/, p.26 [4] Panait L., Duta D., Negrea V., „Experimental approach regarding investigation level of general physical training for tennis players aged 13

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Nuno Amaro, Daniel A. Marinho, Nuno Batalha, Mário C. Marques and Pedro Morouço

References Akis T, Orcan Y. Experimental and analytical investigation of the mechanics of crawl stroke swimming. Mech Res Commun, 2004; 31: 243-261 Barbosa TM, Bragada JA, Reis VM, Marinho DA, Carvalho C, Silva AJ. Energetics and biomechanics as determining factors of swimming performance: updating the state of the art. J Sci Med Sports, 2010; 13: 262-269 Barbosa TM, Morouço PG, Jesus S, Feitosa WG, Costa MJ, Marinho DA, Silva AJ, Garrido ND. The interaction between intra-cyclic variation of the velocity and mean swimming velocity in young competitive