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A.A. Georgiadis, P. Darmanin, N. Topouzelis and I. Ioannidou-Marathiotou

References 1. Arman A, Cehreli SB, Ozel E, Arhun N, Çetins Ahin A, Soyman M. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of enamel after various stripping methods. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop , 2006; 130:131.e7-131.e14. 2. Artun J, Kockich VG, Osterberg SK. Long-term effect of root proximity on periodontal health after orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop , 1987; 91:125-130. 3. Ballard R, Sheridan JJ. Air-rotor stripping with the Essix anterior anchor. J Clin Orthod , 1996; 30:371-373. 4. Baysal A, Uysal T, Usumez

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Robert Tenzer, Hamayun and Peter Vajda

the Northern Euroasia as derived from the gravity data and isostatic models of the lithosphere. Tectonophysics , 240, 248-280. Bassin C., Laske G., Masters G., 2000: The current limits of resolution for surface wave tomography in North America. EOS, Trans AGU , 81, F897. Bielik M., 1988: A preliminary stripped gravity map of the Pannonian Basin. Phys. Earth Planet Inter. , 51, 185-189. Bielik M., šefara J., Kováč M., Bezák V., Plašienka D., 2004: The Western Carpathians-interaction of

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Aqeel Ahmad Taimoor

1 Introduction Thin film electrodes for heavy metal ions detection in water by anodic stripping are widely used because of their simple fabrication, cost effectiveness, robustness, flexibility and reliability [ 1 , 2 ]. In these electrodes, active metal is fashioned over the surface of a conductive support. Doped metal enhances the current to voltage signal for the analytes and can detect heavy metals present in water up to ppb levels. Mercury [ 3 – 8 ], bismuth [ 9 – 11 ], gold [ 12 – 14 ], platinum [ 15 ] and tin [ 16 ] are examples of active metals

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Paul C. Vereștiuc, Oana-Maria Tucaliuc, Iuliana G. Breabăn, Igor Crețescu and Gheorghe Nemțoi

’Souza, O. Differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetric determination of Hg2+ at poly (Eriochrome Black T)-modified carbon paste electrode, Ionics, 2014, 20, 849-856. 13. Chandra, U.; Swamy, B.; Gilbert, O.; Reddy, S.; Sherigara, B. Determination of Dopamine in Presence of Uric Acid at Poly (Eriochrome Black T) Film Modified Graphite Pencil Electrode. Am. J. Anal. Chem. 2011, 2, 262-269. 14. Gilbert, O.; Swamy, B.; Chandra, U., Sherigara, B. Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Dopamine and Ascorbic Acid at Poly (Eriochrome Black- T) Modified

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E. Rudnik and P. Sikora

Abstract

Cementation of tin on copper in acid chloride-thiourea solutions leads to the formation of porous layers with a thickness dependent on the immersion time. The process occurs via Sn(II)-Cu(I) mechanism. Chemical stripping of tin was carried out in alkaline and acid solutions in the presence of oxidizing agents. It resulted in the dissolution of metallic tin, but refractory Cu3Sn phase remained on the copper surface. Electrochemical tin stripping allows complete tin removal from the copper substrate, but porosity and complex phase composition of the tin coating do not allow monitoring the process in unambiguous way.

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Grzegorz Oszkinis, Aleksandra Jaworucka-Kaczorowska, Juliusz Huber, Paweł Kaczorowski, Agnieszka Wiertel-Krawczuk, Fryderyk Pukacki, Maciej Zieliński, Magdalena Snoch and Wacław Majewski

References Jacobsen BH, Wallin L : Proximal or distal extraction of the internal saphenous vein. VASA. 1975; Band 4: 240-42. Sorrentino P, Renier M, Coppa F et al.: How to prevent saphenous nerve injury. A personal modified technique for stripping of the long saphenous vein. Minerva Chir 2003; 58: 123-28. Conrad P, Gassner P : Invagination stripping of the long and short saphenous vein using the PIN stripper. Aust N Z J Surg 1996; 66: 394

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Viktor Baranovsky, Natalia Dubchak and Maria Pankiv

Abstract

Modern trends in root crop machinery include the development and implementation of highly efficient, energy-saving and technologically reliable harvesting systems and facilities into agricultural production. The main criteria for meeting these demands are the digging quality and root crop impurities separation characteristics. The objective of research is the justification of design and kinematic parameters of cleaning tools. The paper provides description of the experimental unit and procedures for experimental research of the process of stripping the haulm residues from root crop heads. A histogram and polygon were plotted for probability density function of random variables of the length of leaf remnants on root crop heads. The differential law for a probability density function of length of leaf remnants after the stripping by cylindrical rollers was obtained. The approximate linear dependence was obtained as a regression equation, which describes a change in the length of leaf remnants on the root crop heads depending on the diameter and rotation speed of rollers. The aforementioned method and results obtained in experimental research can be used by specialists at design engineering bureaus for development of new or improvement of existing combined cleaning systems.

Open access

Stavroula Sarafopoulou, Anastasios A. Zafeiriadis and Apostolos I. Tsolakis

. Interproximal enamel reduction (stripping): indications and enamel surface effects. Hellenic Orthodontic Review, 2002;5:21-32. 15. Eliades T, Kakaboura A, Eliades G, Bradley TG. Comparison of enamel colour changes associated with orthodontic bonding using two different adhesives. Eur J Orthod, 2001;23:85-90. 16. Karamouzos A, Athanasiou AE, Papadopoulos MA, Kolokithas G. Tooth-color assessment after orthodontic treatment: a prospective clinical trial. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 2010;138:537.e1-8. 17. Koretsi V, Chatzigianni A, Sidiropoulou S. Enamel

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Marta Nevřelová and Jana Ružičková

- hoofed game (pp. 17-31). Proceedings of the National Conference. Česke Budějovice: Dům techniky CSVTS. Gačić, P.D., Danilović, M., Zubić, G. & Ćirović P. (2012). Bark stripping damage by red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) in the fenced rearing centre Lomnička reka. Bulletin of the Faculty of Forestry, 105, 35−50. DOI: 10.2298/GSF1205035G. Gill, R., Webber, J. & Peace A. (2000). The economic implications of deer damage - A review of current evidence. (pp. 1−49). Final Report for the Deer Commission for Scotland, Forest Research Agency, Surrey

Open access

Vlastimil Řeháček, Ivan Hotový, Marian Vojs, Mário Kotlár, Thomas Kups and Lothar Spiess

Microelectrode for Use in Electrochemical Stripping Microanalysis, Anal. Chim. Acta 537 (2005), 285-292. ECONOMOU, A.: Bismuth-Film Electrodes: Recent Developments and Potentionalities for Electroanalysis, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 24 (2005), 334-340. ŠVANCARA, I.—VYTŘAS, K.: Electroanalysis with Bismuth Electrodes (Elektroanalýza s bismutovými elektrodami), Chem. Listy 100 (2006), 90-113. (in Czech) TERCIER, M. L.—BUFFLE, J.: Development of an Ultra-microelectrode Arrays (UMEAs) Sensor