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Andrej Chríbik, Marián Polóni, Branislav Ragan and Rastislav Toman

References [1] KAHRAMAN, N., et al.: Investigation of combustion characteristics and emissions in a sparkignition engine fuelled with natural gas-hydrogen blends, Internal Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2009, Volume 34, pp. 1026 -1034. [2] AKANSU, S.O., et al.: Experimental study on a spark ignition engine fuelled by methane-hydrogen mixtures, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2007, Volume 32, pp. 4279 - 4284. [3] Biogas upgrading and utilization. Energy from biological conversion of organic waste

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Ondřej Bolehovský and Jan Macek

engines.”, Sci China Tech Sci, 2011, doi: 10.1007/s11431-010-4272-1 [9] Navratil, J., Polasek, M., Vitek, O., Macek, J., Baumruk, P.: “Simulation of Supercharged and Turbocharged Small Spark-Ignition Engine”, MECCA, Volume I., Number 3, 2003, Praha [10] Bauer, K., Balis, C., Donkin, G., Davies, P.: “The Next Generation of Gasoline Turbo Technology”, 33. Internationales Wiener Motorensymposium 2012 [11] Cieslar, D.: “Control for Transient Response of Turbocharged Engines”, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, March 2013

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Zbigniew Żmudka, Stefan Postrzednik and Grzegorz Przybyła

] Farzaneh-Gord M., Hajializadeh H., Khoshnevis A.B.: The first and second law analysis of a spark ignited engine fuelled with alternative fuels. Arch. Thermodyn. 30(2009), 1, 73-98.

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Piotr Bielaczyc, Andrzej Szczotka and Joseph Woodburn

Conditions. SAE Technical Paper : 980401, DOI:10.4271/980401. [4] Bielaczyc, P., Szczotka, A. & Woodburn, J. (2012). Excess Emissions and Fuel Consumption of Modern Spark Ignition Passenger Cars at Low Ambient Temperatures, SAE Technical Paper , 2012-01-1070, DOI:10.4271/2012-01-1070. [5] Bielaczyc, P., Szczotka, A. & Woodburn, J. (2011). Development of vehicle exhaust emission testing methods – BOSMAL’s new emission testing laboratory, Combustion Engines . 1, 144, 3–12. [6] Bielaczyc, P., Szczotka, A. & Woodburn, J. (2011). The effect of a low ambient temperature

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Zdzisław Stelmasiak

in the United States: How Will the Agricultural Sector Adjust?. Economic Research Service, May 2007. 12. Gmyrek R. : Bioethanol role in fulflling NCW tasks in PKN Orlen Company (in Polish). 2nd Scientifc Technical Conference „FUEL’ S ZOOM - BIOETANOL”, Cracow, 27-28 April 2010. 13. Szalkowska U. : Bioethanol fuels: global prospects (in Polish).). 2nd Scientifc Technical Conference „FUEL’ S ZOOM - BIOETANOL”, Cracow, 27-28 April 2010. 14. Semikow J.: Study on dual-fuel feeding system for spark ignition engine using petrol and alcohol (in Polish). Doctorate

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Zdeněk Žák, Jiří Hvězda, Miloslav Emrich, Jan Macek and Libor Červenka

University of Liberec. [8] MACEK, J., FUENTE, D., EMRICH, M. (2010). Friction Measurements of Internal Combustion Engines and Comparison with Semi-empirical Code. In. KOKA 2010. Liberec. Technical University of Liberec. [9] POULOS, S., HEYWOOD, J. (1983). The Effect of Chamber Geometry on Spark-Ignition Engine Combustion. SAE Technical Paper 830334. 1983, doi:10.4271/830334. [10] MACEK, J., STEINER, T. (1995). Advanced Multizone Multidimensional Models of Engine Thermoaerodynamics. 21th CIMAC Congress 1995, Interlaken 1995.

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Andrej Chríbik, Marián Polóni and Ján Lach

References [1] Sierens R. (2000). Variable Composition Hydrogen/Natural Gas Mixtures for Increased Engine Efficiency and Decreased Emissions, Laboratory of Transport technology. [2] Huang Z., Bing L. (2006). Experimental Study on Engine Performance and Emissions for an Engine Fueled with Natural Gas - Hydrogen Mixtures. Energy Fuels, pp. 2131-2136 [3] Bin H., Erjiang H., Zuohua H., Jianjun Z., Bing L., Deming J. (2009). Cycle-by-cycle variations in a spark ignition engine fueled with natural gas

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Sławomir Wojnar, Tomáš Polóni, Peter Šimončič, Boris Rohal̓-Ilkiv, Marek Honek and Jozef Csambál

-step predictive model. 3rd Int. Conf. on Intelligent Computing , Qingdao, China, (2007). [5] G. LORINI, A. MIOTTI and R. SCATTOLINI: Modeling, simulation and predictive control of a spark ignition engine. In Predimot (Ed.), Predictive control of combustion engines , 39-55. TRAUNER Druck GmbH & CoKG, (2006). [6] J.M. MACIEJOWSKI: Predictive control with constraints . University of Cambridge, 2000. [7] X. MAO, D. WANG, W. XIAO, Z. LIU, J. WANG and H. TANG: Lean limit and emissions improvement for a spark-ignited natural gas

Open access

Andrej Chríbik, Marián Polóni, Ján Lach, Ľubomír Jančošek, Peter Kunc and Josef Zbranek

REFERENCES [1] ARROYO J., MORENO F., MUNOZ M., MONNÉ C., BERNAL N.: Combustion behavior of a spark ignition engine fuelled with synthetic gases derived from biogas, Fuel , 2014, Volume 117 , pp. 50-58, [2] VERHELST, S., WALLNER, T.: Hydrogen-fuelled internal combustion engines, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science , 2009, Volume 35 , pp. 490-527 [3] POLÓNI M., KÁLMAN P., LACH J., SMIEŠKO Š., LAZAR L., KUNC P., JANČOŠEK Ľ.: Micro-cogeneration Unit with Variable–Speed Generator, International Scientific Event “Power Engineering 2010”, May

Open access

Andrej Chríbik, Marián Polóni, Ján Lach, Ľubomír Jančošek, Peter Kunc and Josef Zbranek

Abstract

The article discusses the application of synthesis gas from pyrolysis of plastics in petrol engine. The appropriate experimental measurements were performed on a combustion engine LGW 702 designated for micro-cogeneration unit. The power parameters, economic and internal parameters of the engine were compared to the engine running on the reference fuel - natural gas and synthesis gas. Burning synthesis gas leads to decreased performance by about 5% and to increased mass hourly consumption by 120%. In terms of burning, synthesis gas has similar properties as natural gas. More significant changes are observed in even burning of fuel in consecutive cycles.