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Gas Emissions in Combustion of Biofuel

Abstract

Nowadays, biomass or more precisely biofuel is more and more being exploited as a substitute for fossil fuels for heating as well as for example for heating a drying environment. This contribution focuses on assessing a heat source by combusting various types of solid biofuels. It is a boiler VIGAS 25 with AK 2000 regulation for heating a family house. Gaseous emissions were measured using a device TESTO 330-2LL. Firewood, peat briquettes, bark briquettes and hardwood briquettes were burnt. Results of experimental measurements concerning the production of gaseous emissions are processed in tables and graphs depending on boiler performance and combustion time.

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Energy Balance of Briquette Production from Various Waste Biomass

Agricultural Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, 156–162. EN 14918 (2010): Solid biofuels – Determination of calorific value. EN 15234-1 (2011): Solid biofuels – Fuel quality assurance. Part 1: General requirements. EN 643 (2014): Paper and board – European list of standard grades of paper and board for recycling. EN 18134-2 (2015): Solid biofuels – Determination of moisture content. Oven dry method. Part 2: Total moisture – simplified method. EN ISO 13061-2 (2014): Physical and mechanical properties of wood – Test methods for small clear wood

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Gravimetric analysis of selecteD types of Biofuels

biopalivá. Stanovenie obsahu popola. STN EN 15148: 2010. Tuhé biopalivá. Stanovenie obsahu prchavých látok. STN ISO 1171: 2003. Tuhé biopalivá. Stanovenie obsahu popola. VITÁZEK, I. - VITÁZKOVÁ, B. 2012. Selected physical properties of solid biofuels. In PTEP - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, vol. 16, 2012. no. 4, pp. 165-168.

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Research into properties of dust from domestic central heating boiler fired with coal and solid biofuels

hard coal combustion, Archiwum Ochrony Środowiska, 25(1), pp. 29-40. Nussbaumer, T., Czasch, C., Klippel, N., Johansson, L. & Tullin, C. (2008). Particle emissions from biomass combustion in IEA countries. Survey on measurements and emission factors. (http://www.ieabcc.nl/publications/Nussbaumer_et_al_IEA_Report_PM10_Jan_2008.pdf. (09 April 2015)). PN-G-04511 (1980). Solid fuels - Determination of Moisture. Polish Standard, 1980. (in Polish) PN-G-04512 (1980). Solid Fuels - Determination of Ash Content by Gravimetric

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Possibilities of Using Waste after Pressing Oil from Oilseeds for Energy Purposes

-Jakubowska, M., Kraszkiewicz, A., Szpryngiel, M., Niedziółka, I. (2013). Analysis of the characteristics of raw materials used in production of solid biofuels. Agricultural Engyneering, 2 (143), 103-111. Kong, L., Li, G., Zhang, B., He, W., Wang, H. (2008). Hydrogen production from biomass wastes by hydrothermal gasification. Energy Sources Part A, 30 , 1166-1178. Kumar, A., Kumar, K., Kaushik, N., Sharma, S., Mishra, S. (2010). Renewable energy in India: current status and future potentials. Renewable Sustainable Energy Review, 14 (8), 2434-42. Li, H

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The quality of pellets available on the market in Latvia: classification according en 14961 requirements

. 531-539. 10. Park N. D., Rutherford P. M., Thring R. W., Helle S. S. Wood pellet fly ash and bottom ash as an effective liming agent and nutrient source for rye grass (Lolium perenne L.) and oats (Avena sativa). Chemosphere , 2012, N 86, p. 427-432. 11. EN 14961-2:2011 Solid Biofuel - Fuel specification and classes. Part 2: Wood pellets for non industrial use requirements. 12. EN 14775:2009 “Solid biofuels - Determination of ash content”. 13. EN 14774-3:2009 “Solid biofuels - Determination of

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Conditions of Biomass Production for Energy Generation Purposes in Poland

/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport L 123/42. Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC, Official Journal L 140, 05/06/2009. Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 98

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Chemical Composition of Date-Pits and Its Potential for Developing Value-Added Product - a Review

.N.M., Adsorption mechanisms of removing heavy metals and dyes from aqueous solution using date pits solid adsorbent. J. Hazard. Mater., 2010, 176, 510-520. 14. Al-Rawahi A.S., Rahman M.S., Guizani N., Essa M.M., Chemical composition, water sorption isotherm, and phenolic contents in fresh and dried pomegranate peels. Drying Technol., 2013, 31, 257-263. 15. Alhamed Y.A., Adsorption kinetics and performance of packed bed adsorber for phenol removal using activated carbon from dates’ stones. J. Hazard. Mater., 2009, 170, 763-770. 16. Al-Ithari A.J., Sathasivan A., Ahmed R

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Enzymatic Activity of Some Industrially-Applied Cellulolytic Enzyme Preparations

References [1] Edenhofer O, Pichs-Madruga R, Sokona Y, Seyboth K, Matschoss P, Kadner S, et al, editors. IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: University Press; 2011. [2] Balan V. IRSN Biotechnol. 2014;463074:1-31. DOI: 10.1155/2014/463074. [3] Sims RE, Mabee W, Saddler JN, Taylor M. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:1570-1580. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.11.046. [4] European Biofuels Technology Platform

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Assessment of Physical Properties of Briquettes Made of Mixtures of Selected Plant Raw Materials and Post-Fermentation Waste

, H., Böhm, T. (2006). Comparative study of durability test methods for pellets and briquettes. Biomass and Bioenergy, 30 , 964-972. Terlikowski, J.(2012). Biomasa z trwałych użytków zielonych jako źródło energii odnawialnej. Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej, 1 (75), 43-49. Wu, M.R., Schott, D.L., Lodewijks, G. (2011). Physical properties of solid biomass. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35 , 2093-2105.

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