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Ewa Bednorz and Joanna Wibig

variability of Russian winter snow accumulation and its associations with Atlantic sea surface temperature anomalies. International Journal of Climatology 20: 1709–1728. Ye H., 2001a. Quasi-biennial and quasi-decadal variations in snow accumulation over northern Eurasia and their connections to the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Journal of Climate 14: 4573–4584. Ye H., 2001b. Increases in snow season length due to earlier first snow and later last snow dates over north central and northwest Asia during 1937–1994. Geophysical Research Letters 28: 551

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Mariusz Grabiec, Dariusz Puczko, Tomasz Budzik and Grzegorz Gajek

Austre Brøggerbreen, Svalbard. DNMI Det Norske Meteorologiske Institutt, Report No. 02/97 KLIMA: 45 pp. Glen A.R. 1939. The glaciology of North East Land. Geografiska Annaler 21 (1): 1-35. Głowacki P. and Leszkiewicz J. 1994. Physico-chemical properties of precipitation and snow cover in Spitsbergen in the winter season 1992/1993. In: XXI Polar Symposium , Warszawa: 199-205. Grabiec M. 2005. An estimation of snow accumulation on Svalbard glaciers on the basis of standard weather

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Pavel Krajčí, Michal Danko, Jozef Hlavčo, Zdeněk Kostka and Ladislav Holko

–128. (In Slovak.) De Michele, C., Avanzi, F., Passoni, D., Barzaghi, R., Pinto, L., Dosso, P., Ghezzi, A., Gianatti, R., Della Vedova, G., 2016. Using a fixed-wing UAS to map snow depth distribution: an evaluation at peak accumulation. The Cryosphere, 10, 511–522. doi:10.5194/tc-10-511-2016. DeWalle, D.R., Rango, A., 2008. Principles of Snow Hydrology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Elder, K., Marshall, H. P., Elder, L., Starr, B., Karlson, A., Robertson, J., 2014. Design and installation of a tipping bucket snow lysimeter. In: Proc. Int. Snow

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István Gábor Hatvani and Zoltán Kern

OMMEN T. and WILHELMS F. 2013. Where to fi nd 1.5 million yr old ice for the IPICS “Oldest-Ice” ice core. Climate of the Past 9: 2489-2505. GRAF W., MOSER H., REINWARTH O., KIPFSTUHL J., OERTER H., MINIKIN A. and WAGENBACH D. 1994. Snow-accumulation rates and isotopic content (2H, 3H) of near-surface fi rn from the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 20: 121-128. GRAF W., OERTER H., REINWARTH O., STICHLER W., WILHELMS F., MILLER H. and MULVANEY R. 2002. Stable-isotope records from Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica

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Martin Bartík, Ladislav Holko, Martin Jančo, Jaroslav Škvarenina, Michal Danko and Zdeněk Kostka

References Adams, H.D., Luce, C.H., Breshears, D.D., Allen, C.D., Weiler, M., Hale, V.C., Smith, A.M.S., Huxman, T.E., 2012. Ecohydrological consequences of drought- and infestation-triggered tree die-off: insights and hypotheses. Ecohydrology, 5, 145-159. Anderson, H.W., 1963. Managing California’s Snow Zone Lands for Water. U.S. Forest Service Research Paper PSW-6, 28 p. Bartík, M., Sitko, R., Oreňák, M., Slovik, J., Škvarenina, J., 2014. Snow accumulation and ablation in disturbed mountain spruce forest in

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Michal Jenicek, Hana Pevna and Ondrej Matejka

References Blahušiaková, A., Matoušková, M., 2015. Rainfall and runoff regime trends in mountain catchments (Case study area: the upper Hron River basin, Slovakia). J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 63, 183-192. Boon, S., 2012. Snow accumulation following forest disturbance. Ecohydrology, 5, 279-285. Burles, K., Boon, S., 2011. Snowmelt energy balance in a burned forest plot, Crowsnest Pass, Alberta, Canada. Hydrol. Process., 25, 3012-3029. De Michele, C., Avanzi, F., Passoni, D., Barzaghi, R., Pinto, L

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Michal Mikloš, Ilja Vyskot, Tomáš Šatala, Katarína Korísteková, Martin Jančo and Jaroslav Škvarenina

References Anderton, S.P., White, S.M. & Alvera B. (2002). Micro-scale spatial variability and the timing of snow melt runoff in a high mountain catchment. J. Hydrol. , 268, 158–176. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00179-8. Anderton, S.P., White, S.M. & Alvera B. (2004). Evaluation of spatial variability in snow water equivalent for a high mountain catchment. Hydrological Processes , 18, 435–453. DOI: 10.1002/Hyp.1319. Bartík, M., Sitko, R., Oreňák, M., Slovik, J. & Škvarenina J. (2014). Snow accumulation and ablation in disturbed mountain spruce

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Philippe Riboust, Guillaume Thirel, Nicolas Le Moine and Pierre Ribstein

References Andreadis, K.M., Lettenmaier, D.P., 2006. Assimilating remotely sensed snow observations into a macroscale hydrology model. Adv. Water Resour., 29, 872-886. DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2005.08.004. Barnett, T.P., Adam, J.C., Lettenmaier, D.P., 2005. Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snowdominated regions. Nature 438, 303-309. DOI: 10.1038/nature04141. Beniston, M., Farinotti, D., Stoffel, M., Andreassen, L.M., Coppola, E., Eckert, N., Fantini, A., Giacona, F., Hauck, C

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Lukáš Jačka, Jiří Pavlásek, Jana Kalibová, Petr Bašta, Martin Kovář and Václav Kuráž


The layering of the soil profile can influence the accumulation of infiltrated water and the way in which subsurface runoff is formed. This paper examines a mountain podzol characterized by clearly developed soil horizons. After these horizons had been identified, distinct soil layers were defined (the eluvial horizon, the spodic horizon (undifferentiated), and weathered bedrock). Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks), particle size distribution and bulk density were measured in these layers. A visualization of the distribution of infiltrated water in the podzolic profile was performed using a dye tracer experiment. The accumulation of dyed water and a distinct lateral flow were detected in the eluvial layer. Only limited entry of water into the spodic layer was observed. These effects were caused by changes in soil hydraulic properties (SHP) among the investigated layers. For the spodic horizons, the measured Ks value (crucial SHP) was significantly lower than the Ks values for the other tested horizons. The probable reason for the lower Ks was an accumulation of fine particles and various substances in the spodic horizons, and corresponding changes in the porous system. The observed effects of layering indicate that water can be accumulated and subsurface runoff can be formed over the spodic layer during intensive rain or snow melting.

Open access

T. Domański

llingwood , Acceptable risk bases for design of structures. Prog. Engn Mater.2001. 13. PN-EN 1990 Eurocode –Basis of Structural Design, PKN, Warsaw 2004. 14. P orteus J., K ermani A., Structural Timber Design to Eurocode 5, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, 2007. 15. IMiGW Kraków, Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – Krakow, Annual Snow Report 1960-2009. 16. IMiGW Wrocław, Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – Wroclaw, Annual Snow Report 1960-2009. 17. S z . W oliński , T. P ytlowany , Evaluation of load values using the