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Victor Junnan Pan

. 2011. Sentence-final only and the interpretation of focus in Mandarin Chinese. In Louis Liu & Lauren Eby (eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics ( NACCL-22 ) and the 18th annual meeting of the International Association of Chinese Linguistics ( IACL-18 ) Volume 2. 18–35. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University. Erlewine, Michael Yoshitaka. 2017. Low sentence-final particles in Mandarin Chinese and the final-over-final constraint. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 26(1). 37–75. Hsieh, Feng-fan & Rint Sybesma. 2011

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Richard S. Kayne

, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall. Larson, Richard K. 1985. Bare-NP adverbs. Linguistic Inquiry 16. 595-621. Law, Ann. 2002. Cantonese sentence-final particles and the CP domain. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 14. 375-398. Łazorczyk, Agnieszka Agata. 2010. Decomposing Slavic aspect: The role of aspectual morphology in Polish and other Slavic languages. Los Angeles, CA: University of Southern California dissertation. Leu, Thomas. 2007. These here demonstratives. In Tatjana Scheffler, Joshua Tauberer, Aviad Eilam & Laia Mayol (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual

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Wei-wen Roger Liao

order . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bruening, Benjamin. 2010. Ditransitive asymmetries and a theory of idiom formation. Linguistic Inquiry 41. 519–562. Chan, Hok-Shing Brian. 2013. Sentence-final particles, complementizers, antisymmetry, and the final-over-final constraint. In Theresa Biberauer and Michelle Sheehan (eds.), Theoretical approaches to disharmonic word order , 445–468. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chomsky, Noam. 2001. Derivation by phase. In Michael Kenstowicz (ed.), Ken Hale: A life in language , 1–52. Cambridge, MA: MIT

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Johannes Heim, Hermann Keupdjio, Zoe Wai-Man Lam, Adriana Osa-Gómez, Sonja Thoma and Martina Wiltschko

and Linguistic Theory (SALT) 23 , 1–18. Ithaca NY: CLC Publications. Lam, Zoe Wai-Man. 2014. A complex forceP for speaker- and addressee-oriented discourse particles in Cantonese. Studies in Chinese Linguistics 35(2). 61–80. Leung, Wai Mun. 2008. Promising approaches for the analysis of sentence-final particles in Cantonese. Asian Social Science 4(5). 74–82. Malamud, Sophia A. & Tamina C. Stephenson. Three ways to avoid commitments: Declarative force modifiers in the conversational scoreboard. Journal of Semantics 31. 1

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Katsunobu Izutsu and Mitsuko Narita Izutsu

Discourse markers and modal particles: Categorization and description . Degand, L., Cornillie, B. & Pietrandrea, P. (eds.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins, p. 217-235. Izutsu, M.N. & Izutsu, K. (2017). Stopgap subordinators and and but : A non-canonical structure emergent from interactional needs and typological requirements. In Cognitive linguistics , 28, p. 239-285. Izutsu, M.N. & Izutsu, K. (2014). Truncation and backshift: Two pathways to sentence-final coordinating conjunctions. In Journal of historical pragmatics , 15, p. 62-92. Kaltenböck, G

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Hamzeh Moradi and Jianbo Chen

and phonology . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Salmani Nodoushan, M.A., &Birjandi, P. (2005). An introduction to phonetics. Tehran: Zabankadeh publications. Soltani, A.M. (2007). Contrastive analysis of English and Persian intonation . Tehran: Iran University Press. Tsui, R.K.Y. &Tong, S.X. (2018). An acoustic study on the effect of the interaction between intonation and lexical tones on the realization of Cantonese sentence-final particles. In Proceedings of the 9 th international conference on speech prosody 2018 (13-16 June, 2018

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Nima Sadat-Tehrani

Abbreviations ap = accentual phrase, dur = durative, ez = the ezafe particle, ip = intonational phrase, prs = present, pst = past, ptcp = participle, sg = singular, sm = specificity marker; the equal sign (=) in the examples marks an enclitic boundary; the plus sign (+) separates the two parts of a compound verb References Abolhasanizadeh, V., Gussenhoven, C., and Bijankhan, M. (2010). The position of clitics in Persian intonational structure. Speech Prosody 2010, 100108, 1-4. Retrieved from http

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Manuel Padilla Cruz

Universals of Linguistic Politeness. Multilingua 8 (2-3). 223-248. doi: 10.1515/mult.1989.8.2-3.223 Janicki, Karol. 2010. Lay People’s Language Problems. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 20 (1). 73-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1473-4192.2009.00229.x Jucker, Andreas H., Smith, Sara W. and Tanja Ludge. 2003. Interactive Aspects of Vagueness in Conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 35. 1737-1769. doi: 10.1016/S0378-2166(02)0018-1 Kataoka, Kuniyoshi. 1995. Affect in Japanese Women’s Letter Writing: Use of Sentence-Final