References Bačlija, Irena (ed.). 2013. Koncept in prakse lokalnega vladovanja [Concept and Practices of Local Governance]. Ljubljana: Friedrich Eber Stift ung and Faculty of Social Sciences. Council of Europe. 2014. Available at http://www.coe.int/ (last accessed 29 July 2014). Council of European Municipalities and Regions. 2008. Balancing Democracy, Identity and Effi ciency: Changes in Local and Regional Structures in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Drucker, Peter F. 2001. Managerski
Maria Claudia Solarte-Vasquez
.1504/IJKL.2007.016701 Gibbons, L. J. (1996), ‘No Regulation, Government Regulation, or Self-Regulation: Social Enforcement or Social Contracting for Governance in Cyberspace,’ Cornell JL and Pub. Pol’y , vol. 6, pp. 475-529. Goldsmith, J. L. (2000), ‘Regulation of the Internet: Three Persistent Fallacies,’ Chicago-Kent Law Review , vol. 73, pp. 1119-1131. Retrieved from http://ssrn.com/abstract=204632 [accessed May 2013] Goldsmith, J. L. & Wu, T. (2006), Who Controls the Internet?: Illusions of a Borderless World
Jörg Bogumil, Stephan Grohs and Renate Reiter
Großbritannien liegt zwar das Recht der städtebaulichen Planung bei den Kommunen bzw. seit 2004 den regionalen Planungskörperschaften. Die zentralstaatliche Ebene regiert jedoch bis hin zu planerischen Einzelentscheidungen in die lokale Ebene hinein (vgl. Wollmann 2006a ). Neben dem diskretionären Zugriff steht dem Zentralstaat mit dem Ansatz des Joined-Up-Governance, einer gezielten zentralstaatlichen Förderung von Kooperationen verschiedener Akteure auf lokaler Ebene (Lokalverwaltungen, zentralstaatliche Agencies wie z.B. „English Partnerships“, quasi
, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek/ The modern system of local government in Poland . The Act of 8 March 1990 on the local self-government (Journal of Laws of 2001, No. 142, item 1591, amended) The Act of 1 April 2011 on amendment of Act – Elections to the Seym of the Republic of Poland, Senate of the Republic of Poland and the Electoral Code, (Journal of Laws of 2011, No. 94, Item 550) The Act of 15 April 2011 on amendment of Act - Election Code and the Law - regulations implementing the Act - Election Code, (Journal of Laws of 2011. No. 102, Item 588) The
Georgios Baltos and Carlotta Alpigiano
Libraries are rightfully recognized as the heart of academic institutions. However, they are not standalone, but interconnected with all other players within the same organisational universe: academia, administration, stakeholders, internal and external competitors and co-operators. Internal auditors’ role is to promote quality standards along with a “continuous improvement” culture that includes efficiency, accountability and performance excellence at institutional level. Librarians have a long tradition of performance indicators’ collection and evaluation. The crossroad where librarians and auditors meet each other is represented by an integrated methodology which links objectives, risks, performances and controls, harmonising them within the institutional context. The case of such a collaboration at European University Institute (EUI) is a noteworthy example.
Trends of E-government in Czech Municipal and Regional Self-Government
The paper summarizes trends of e-government projects of Czech territorial self-governments (municipalities and regions). The summary is based on secondary data related to philosophy and practice of projects which were awarded or medialized as top projects in three Czech national e-government awards in the period 2005-2010.
Katarzyna Radzik-Maruszak and Michaela Bátorová
://www.tampere.fi/material/attachments/a/unnamed_10926/alvariesite2012.pdf (last accessed 30. 01. 2015). Bátorová, Michaela. 2012. Changing Decision-Making Power of Municipal Leaders: Comparative Experiences from Finnish, Spanish and Slovak Local Governments . PhD dissertation, University of Tampere. Bevir, Mark. 2009. Key Concepts in Governance. Thousands Oaks, California: SAGE. Bevir, Mark. 2011. The SAGE Handbook of Governance . Thousands Oaks, California: SAGE. Campbell, Adrian and Coulson Andrew. 2006. “Into the Mainstream: Local Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe.” Local Government
The Baltic people of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia gained recognition with their successful use of a cultural tool, singing folkloric songs, to protest collectively against their common Soviet oppressor in the summer of 1988, preceding the collapse of the Soviet Union. Rational-choice theorists have argued that large rebellious movements are paradoxical because the larger the number of potential revolutionaries, the greater the leadership, participation, and coordination problems they face (Olson, 1971; Tullock, 1974). This paper investigates Estonia’s Singing Revolution and illustrates how ethnic Estonians used their shared cultural beliefs and singing traditions as a tacit, informal institutional solution to overcome the collective-action problems with organizing and participating in mass singing protests against the Soviet regime. The paper goes further to extend the standard rational-choice framework and to include a more dynamic, entrepreneurial-institutional perspective on socio-cultural change by accounting for the role of cultural leaders as cultural entrepreneurs, a subset of institutional entrepreneurs. The success of Estonia’s Singing Revolution can be ultimately attributed to leadership in the form of cultural entrepreneurship going back to pre-Soviet Estonian times. The revived legacy of ancient shared beliefs, folkloric practices, and singing tradition represented the necessary social capital for the Estonian people to voice collectively shared preferences for political and economic governance during a window of constitutional opportunity. Mikhail Gorbachev’s Glasnost, a policy aimed to improve Soviet formal institutions by fostering freedom of speech and political transparency, also provided a context propitious for the Singing Revolution because it lowered the perceived costs of participation in the rebellious singing and opened a window of opportunity for political change.
Matilda Hellman, Maija Majamäki and Pekka Hakkarainen
. (1997). Valistus, holhous, suojelu. Tutkimus alkoholipoliittisesta ja tupakkapoliittisesta mielipideilmastosta [Education, control, protection. A study on public opinions about alcohol and tobacco policy]. Tampere: Acta Universitatis Tamperensis 564. Rasmussen, C. E. (2011). The autonomous animal: Self-governance and the modern subject. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press. Reinarman, C. (2005). Addiction as accomplishment: The discursive construction of disease. Addiction Research and Theory, 13(4), 307